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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of June 15, 1993 No. 2403-XII

About fire safety

(The last edition from 30-12-2015)

This Law determines the legal basis and the principles of the organization of system of fire safety and the state fire supervision in the Republic of Belarus operating for the purpose of protection against the fires of life and human health, national property, all types of property and economy of the Republic of Belarus.

Section I. General provisions

Article 1. System of fire safety in the Republic of Belarus

The system of fire safety in the Republic of Belarus consists of complex of economic, social, organizational, scientific and technical and legal measures, and also forces and the funds allocated for the prevention and liquidation of the fires.

Article 2. Legal regulation of activities for ensuring fire safety

Activities for ensuring fire safety are performed according to this Law and other acts of the legislation of the Republic of Belarus, including the technical regulatory legal acts of system of fire-proof regulation and standardization operating in the territory of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 3. Public administration in the field of ensuring fire safety

Public administration in the field of ensuring fire safety is exercised of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus, bodies of the state fire supervision of the Republic of Belarus, local councils of deputies, executive and administrative organs.

Article 4. Supervision and control in the field of ensuring fire safety

The state fire supervision of observance by republican state bodies, local executive and administrative organs, other organizations, officials and citizens of requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Belarus on fire safety, including requirements of technical regulatory legal acts of system of fire-proof regulation and standardization, obligatory for observance, and also supervision of compliance with law when implementing activities for ensuring fire safety are performed according to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus the bodies and divisions for emergency situations which are bodies of the state fire supervision.

Supervision of ensuring fire safety in case of storage and use of explosives, on vehicles along the line, and also on the objects which are in the territory of military units in the woods, underground developments and mine constructions, is performed by the relevant republican state bodies, other organizations which are owners of these objects.

Departmental control of condition of fire safety on objects is exercised by republican state bodies.

Article 5. Planning of actions for ensuring fire safety

Actions for ensuring fire safety, development and enhancement of material and technical resources of bodies and divisions for emergency situations are provided by programs of economic and social development of the republic, areas, cities, settlements, republican state bodies, other organizations.

Funds for financing of these actions are provided in the relevant budgets.

Article 6. Participation of labor collectives and citizens in implementation of actions for ensuring fire safety

Labor collectives and citizens perform actions for ensuring fire safety by means of participation in public and non-staff fire associations and forming.

Activities of public fire associations are performed according to their charters. Non-staff fire forming (teams, teams, calculations, groups of non-staff fire inspectors, the fire and technical commissions, the educational and methodical centers, clubs of young firefighters) function according to the Provision approved by Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus.

Employers have the right to make payment, to grant additional vacation, other privileges and encouragement to members of non-staff fire forming for participation in prevention and suppression of the fires.

Section II. Main directions of public administration by system of fire safety

Article 7. Scientific and technical ensuring fire safety

Scientific and technical ensuring fire safety is one of the priority directions of science of the Republic of Belarus and is performed through the coordinating body created under the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 8. System of fire-proof regulation and standardization

Requirements for ensuring fire safety are provided in technical regulatory legal acts and form system of fire-proof regulation and standardization which procedure for functioning is determined by the Chief state fire supervision inspector of the Republic of Belarus.

Requirements of system of fire-proof regulation and standardization are obligatory for accomplishment by all republican state bodies, other organizations, and also citizens.

Technical regulatory legal acts of system of fire-proof regulation and standardization are subject to approval of the Chief state inspector of the Republic of Belarus on fire supervision according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.

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