of June 15, 1993 No. 2403-XII
About fire safety
This Law determines the legal basis and the principles of the organization of system of fire safety and the state fire supervision in the Republic of Belarus operating for the purpose of protection against the fires of life and human health, national property, all types of property and economy of the Republic of Belarus.
The system of fire safety in the Republic of Belarus consists of complex of economic, social, organizational, scientific and technical and legal measures, and also forces and the funds allocated for the prevention and liquidation of the fires.
Activities for ensuring fire safety are performed according to this Law and other acts of the legislation of the Republic of Belarus, including the technical regulatory legal acts of system of fire-proof regulation and standardization operating in the territory of the Republic of Belarus.
Public administration in the field of ensuring fire safety is exercised of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus, bodies of the state fire supervision of the Republic of Belarus, local councils of deputies, executive and administrative organs.
The state fire supervision of observance by republican state bodies, local executive and administrative organs, other organizations, officials and citizens of requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Belarus on fire safety, including requirements of technical regulatory legal acts of system of fire-proof regulation and standardization, obligatory for observance, and also supervision of compliance with law when implementing activities for ensuring fire safety are performed according to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus the bodies and divisions for emergency situations which are bodies of the state fire supervision.
Supervision of ensuring fire safety in case of storage and use of explosives, on vehicles along the line, and also on the objects which are in the territory of military units in the woods, underground developments and mine constructions, is performed by the relevant republican state bodies, other organizations which are owners of these objects.
Departmental control of condition of fire safety on objects is exercised by republican state bodies.
Actions for ensuring fire safety, development and enhancement of material and technical resources of bodies and divisions for emergency situations are provided by programs of economic and social development of the republic, areas, cities, settlements, republican state bodies, other organizations.
Funds for financing of these actions are provided in the relevant budgets.
Labor collectives and citizens perform actions for ensuring fire safety by means of participation in public and non-staff fire associations and forming.
Activities of public fire associations are performed according to their charters. Non-staff fire forming (teams, teams, calculations, groups of non-staff fire inspectors, the fire and technical commissions, the educational and methodical centers, clubs of young firefighters) function according to the Provision approved by Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus.
Employers have the right to make payment, to grant additional vacation, other privileges and encouragement to members of non-staff fire forming for participation in prevention and suppression of the fires.
Scientific and technical ensuring fire safety is one of the priority directions of science of the Republic of Belarus and is performed through the coordinating body created under the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus.
Requirements for ensuring fire safety are provided in technical regulatory legal acts and form system of fire-proof regulation and standardization which procedure for functioning is determined by the Chief state fire supervision inspector of the Republic of Belarus.
Requirements of system of fire-proof regulation and standardization are obligatory for accomplishment by all republican state bodies, other organizations, and also citizens.
Technical regulatory legal acts of system of fire-proof regulation and standardization are subject to approval of the Chief state inspector of the Republic of Belarus on fire supervision according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.
To requirements of fire safety are subject to confirmation of conformity the products which are turned out in the Republic of Belarus and imported into the Republic of Belarus for use in the domestic market by the organizations, works and services which can constitute fire risk for life and health of citizens, property and to do harm to the environment.
Realization of such products, performance of works and rendering the services which did not undergo confirmation of conformity to requirements of fire safety in the Republic of Belarus are prohibited.
The product range, the works and services which are subject to obligatory confirmation of conformity to requirements of fire safety in the Republic of Belarus is established according to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.
Licensing of activities for ensuring fire safety is performed according to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus on licensing.
The state media upon the demand of bodies of the state fire supervision free of charge place and transfer information of fire-proof orientation for the population.
The publications of scientific, methodical, information and advertizing nature published and distributed in the republic in the field of designing, production, construction and operation of buildings, constructions, engineering procedures and technical devices taking into account the questions reflected in them shall contain complete and objective data on ensuring fire safety, necessary fire-proof actions.
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