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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

On May 5, 1999 No. 250-Z

About scientific and technical information

Accepted by the House of Representatives on April 13, 1999

Approved by Council of the Republic on April 26, 1999

This Law establishes the legal basis of regulation of the legal relationship connected with creation, accumulating, search, obtaining, storage, processing, distribution and use of scientific and technical information in the Republic of Belarus.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The main terms used in this Law

For the purposes of this Law the terms provided below have the following values:

scientific and technical information - data on the documents and the facts received during scientific, scientific and technical, innovative and public work;

documentary scientific and technical information - the scientific and technical information fixed on the material carrier with the details allowing to identify it;

resources of scientific and technical information - the documentary scientific and technical information organized in reference funds and bases of scientific and technical data;

reference funds - set of the arranged source documents (books, brochures, periodicals, patent documentation, the specifications and technical documentation, industrial catalogs, design documentation, reporting scientific and technical documentation on research, developmental and experienced and technological works, deposited manuscripts, transfers of scientific and technical literature and documentation, other published and not published scientific and technical documents) fixed on the paper, audiovisual, machine and other material carriers, and the help and search device intended for satisfaction of information needs of users (consumers) of scientific and technical information;

base of scientific and technical data - data set which is sufficient for the established purpose and is presented on the machine carrier in the form allowing to perform the automated conversion of information containing in it;

bank of scientific and technical data - the automated information retrieval system consisting of one or several bases of scientific and technical data and storage system, processing and information search in them;

scientific and technical information products - the materialized result of information scientific and technical activities intended for ensuring information needs of users (consumers) of scientific and technical information;

system of scientific and technical information - the arranged resource pool of scientific and technical information and the organizational and technological means realizing processes of creation, collection, processing, systematization, search and provision of scientific and technical information for requirements satisfaction of the state, legal entities and physical persons;

body of scientific and technical information - the specialized organizations or structural division of the company or the organization performing scientific information activities, and also scientific research in this area;

information center - the specialized organization performing scientific information activities in industry or the region;

the author (coauthors) of scientific and technical information - person (persons), which creative activity (which) scientific and technical information as result of intellectual activities is created;

the owner of exclusive rights on subjects of scientific and technical information (further - the owner) - the state as the subject of legal relationship in the field of scientific and technical information, the legal entities and physical persons performing the order and use of documentary scientific and technical information, its resources and systems according to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus;

the user (consumer) of scientific and technical information the subject of legal relationship in the field of scientific and technical information addressing reference funds, systems of scientific and technical information or intermediaries for receipt of necessary documentary scientific and technical information;

developer of scientific and technical information - the subject of legal relationship in the field of scientific and technical information authorized by the author (coauthors) or the owner to provide set of the actions connected with creation, collection, systematization, storage, distribution and provision to the user (consumer) of scientific and technical information, to carry out mediator role between the author (coauthors), the owner, the user (consumer) in the field of scientific information activities;

the intermediary in the field of scientific and technical information - the subject of legal relationship in the field of scientific and technical information selling scientific and technical information products at the request of the author (coauthors) or the owner;

scientific information activities - set of the actions connected with creation, collection, systematization, analitiko-synthetic conversion, fixing, storage, distribution and provision to the user (consumer) of scientific and technical information.

Article 2. Subjects of legal relationship in the field of scientific and technical information

The state on behalf of state bodies, legal entities and physical persons can be subjects of legal relationship in the field of scientific and technical information.

Subjects of legal relationship in the field of scientific and technical information can act in quality:

author (coauthors) of scientific and technical information;

owner;

users (consumers) of scientific and technical information;

developers of scientific and technical information;

intermediaries in the field of scientific and technical information.

Article 3. Subjects of scientific and technical information

Subjects of scientific and technical information are:

documentary scientific and technical information;

resources of scientific and technical information;

systems of scientific and technical information.

Chapter 2. State policy in the field of scientific and technical information

Article 4. The main directions of state policy in the field of scientific and technical information

The right, storage and distribution of complete, reliable and timely scientific and technical information, except as specified, stipulated by the legislation the Republic of Belarus is guaranteed to citizens of the Republic of Belarus according to the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and other legal acts of the Republic of Belarus.

For the purpose of carrying out the state scientific and technical policy in the field of scientific and technical information and forming of national resource of scientific and technical information the state provides:

the right of physical persons and legal entities irrespective of patterns of ownership on obtaining, storage, processing, distribution and use of scientific and technical information, and also protection of the rights and interests of the author (coauthors), owners also takes measures for protection against unauthorized access to it;

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