of June 3, 1993 No. 2341-XII
About internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus
This Law determines the organizational and legal basis of activities of internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus (further - internal troops), procedure for accomplishment of the tasks assigned to them, guarantees of legal and social protection of the military personnel of internal troops and members of their families.
Internal troops – the state military organization intended for protection of life, health, the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens, society and the state, the constitutional system, safety and sovereignty of the Republic of Belarus from criminal and other illegal encroachments.
The main objectives of internal troops are:
rendering assistance to law-enforcement bodies in protection of public order, ensuring public safety, emergency rule, warlike situation;
protection of corrective labor colonies, medical correctional facilities and implementation together with their administrations of supervision of convicts;
convoy and protection of the convicts and persons who are held in custody;
participation in search of persons who made escape from under protection and supervision in correctional facilities from army guard in case of convoy;
protection of especially important state objects and particular loads;
neutralization and destruction of unexploded aviation ammunition, other unexploded ammunition in settlements, work on verification of messages on installation of destructive devices, their detection, neutralization and destruction in all territory of the Republic of Belarus;
participation in territorial defense of the Republic of Belarus.
In case of the circumstances posing safety hazard of citizens, to organization activity and public order and also for the benefit of defense of the Republic of Belarus internal troops can be attracted for accomplishment of other tasks according to this Law and other acts of the legislation.
Activities of internal troops are performed on the basis of the principles of legality, humanity, observance of human rights and freedoms, one-man management, centralization of management.
In the activities internal troops are guided by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law, other acts of the legislation, and also international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.
If the international treaty of the Republic of Belarus establishes other rules, than those which contain in this Law then are applied rules of the international treaty.
Internal troops protect life, health, the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens from criminal and other illegal encroachments irrespective of nationality, social, property and other position, floor, racial and national identity, age, education, language, the residence, religious and other beliefs, belonging to public associations, and also from other circumstances.
Military personnel of internal troops is forbidden to allow the address degrading human dignity.
Military personnel of internal troops in case of accomplishment of the tasks assigned to internal troops can limit the rights and freedoms of citizens only in the cases provided by legal acts for the benefit of ensuring national security, public order, protection of morality, health of the population, the rights and freedoms of other persons.
Are part of internal troops:
body of military management;
special militia connections and military units;
connections and military units on protection of especially important state objects and particular loads;
connections and military units of special purpose;
organizations and military units on ensuring activities of internal troops;
the organizations of education performing training on specialties (the directions of specialties, specializations) for internal troops, teaching military units.
The body of military management, connection and military units of internal troops have rights of the legal entity.
Management of internal troops is performed by the Minister of Internal Affairs, and direct management – the internal troops commander who on position is the deputy minister of internal affairs.
For ensuring management of internal troops the body of military management – head department of the internal troops commander of the Ministry of Internal Affairs is created (further – head department of the internal troops commander). In head department of the internal troops commander the Council of War of internal troops is formed. Activities of head department of the internal troops commander and the Council of War of internal troops are performed according to the provision approved by the President of the Republic of Belarus.
Minister of Internal Affairs:
publishes regulatory legal acts concerning the organization of activities of internal troops in pursuance of the laws, decrees and presidential decrees of the Republic of Belarus, and also controls their execution;
approves staff of head department of the internal troops commander, and also structure of the Council of War of internal troops;
makes in accordance with the established procedure offers on forming of connections and military units of internal troops;
represents in accordance with the established procedure to appointment to military position of the internal troops commander, his deputies and to assignment to officers of military rank "colonel", and also military ranks of the highest officers;
appoints according to the petition of the internal troops commander of officers to military positions and exempts administrative board of internal troops, except for the internal troops commander and his deputies from military positions;
gives within the competence the military ranks to officers;
performs other powers according to the legislation.
Internal troops commander:
bears the personal responsibility for maintenance of combat and mobilization readiness of internal troops and successful accomplishment of the tasks assigned to them;
approves states of connections and military units of internal troops;
publishes the legal acts regulating activities of internal troops within the competence;
resolves according to the legislation issues of procedure for passing of military service by the military personnel and establishments of employment relationships with civil personnel of internal troops;
appoints within the competence officers to military positions and exempts from military positions inclusive to deputy commanders of connections, chiefs of managements of head department of the internal troops commander;
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