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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of October 21, 1996 No. 708-XIII

About scientific activities

(as amended on 04-01-2021)

This Law is directed to creating favorable conditions for implementation of scientific activities, strengthening of the state support of science as necessary condition of economic and social development of the Republic of Belarus, increase in intellectual and cultural level of her citizens, strengthening of the authority and independence of the state.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The basic concepts and their determinations applied in this Law

In this Law the following basic concepts and their determinations are applied:

scientific activities – the creative activities directed to receipt of new knowledge of the nature, the person, society, artificially created objects and to use of scientific knowledge for development of new methods of their application;

basic scientific research – the theoretical and (or) pilot studies directed to receipt of new knowledge of the main patterns of development of the nature, the person, society, artificially created objects. Basic scientific research can be oriented, that is directed to the solution of the scientific problems connected with practical applications;

applied scientific research – the researches directed to use of results of basic scientific research for achievement of the specific practical purposes;

approbation of results of scientific research – the type of scientific activities consisting in conducting check of results of scientific research for the purpose of establishment of their suitability for achievement of specific purposes;

training of scientists of the top skills – the type of scientific activities consisting in implementation of educational programs of postgraduate education;

certification of scientists of the top skills – the type of scientific activities including holding actions for award of academic degrees and to assignment of academic statuses;

the scientific organization – the legal entity performing accomplishment of research, developmental and experienced and technological works one of governing bodies of which according to the constituent document is academic (scientific and technical) council and which underwent in accordance with the established procedure accreditation of the scientific organization;

accreditation of the scientific organization – form of the state recognition of competence of the legal entity of accomplishment of research, developmental and experienced and technological works;

temporary research team – the voluntary merging of physical persons without formation of legal entity created for the purpose of implementation of scientific activities according to the procedure and on the conditions determined by the legislation and the agreement;

scientific fund – the non-profit organization financing scientific activities by results of open tenders on behalf of the state according to the special order, on its own behalf or on behalf of the physical and (or) legal entities who took part in organization of this fund;

grant – the means provided to physical and (or) legal entities in cash or natural form for carrying out scientific research on the conditions determined by the agreement and acts of the legislation.

Article 2. Legal regulation of the relations in the field of scientific activities

Legal regulation of the relations in the field of scientific activities is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and is performed according to this Law, other acts of the legislation.

Article 3. Types of scientific activities

Treat types of scientific activities:

carrying out basic and applied scientific research;

preparation and certification of scientists of the top skills;

approbation of results of scientific research;

the organization and carrying out state scientific and state scientific and technical examinations (including departmental scientific and technical examination) within functioning of single system state scientific and state scientific and technical examinations.

Article 4. Basic principles of state regulation of scientific activities

State regulation of scientific activities is based on the following basic principles:

combinations of state regulation to creative initiative of subjects of scientific activities and freedom of scientific search;

equalities of all subjects of scientific activities before the law;

liberties of choice of the directions of scientific activities and methods of carrying out scientific research for all subjects of scientific activities;

interactions of the scientific organizations with organizations of education, and also the organizations realizing educational programs of postgraduate education including by participation of pedagogical workers and students in the scientific activities performed by the scientific organizations and also participation of scientists of the scientific organizations in the educational process performed by the organizations of education and the organizations realizing educational programs of postgraduate education;

provisions to citizens of the Republic of Belarus of equal opportunities of acquisition and increase in scientific qualification;

stimulations of scientific activities by means of creating favorable conditions for investment of the sphere of scientific activities;

control according to the legislation of effective use of the public funds allocated for carrying out basic and applied scientific research, approbation of results of scientific research, preparation and certification of scientists of the top skills;

obligation, objectivity and competence of state examination of the scientific programs and projects financed by means of the republican budget;

providing legal protection of results of scientific activities;

concentration of scientific resources and the financial resources on scientific research allocated for realization of the priority directions of social and economic development of the Republic of Belarus;

accounting of interests of the personality, society, state.

Article 5. Public administration in the field of scientific activities

Public administration in the field of scientific activities is exercised the President of the Republic of Belarus, by Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus, the State committee on science and technologies, the Highest certifying commission, National academy of Sciences of Belarus, other state bodies according to their competence.

Article 5-1. State policy in the field of scientific activities

State policy in the field of scientific activities is created according to the priority directions of scientific, scientific and technical and innovative activities determined and approved according to the procedure, established by the President of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 5-2. State programs of scientific research

For the purpose of realization of state policy in the field of scientific activities state programs of scientific research are developed.

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