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of January 3, 2002 No. 77-Z

About fight against terrorism

(as amended on 21-07-2023)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on December 11, 2001

Approved by Council of the Republic on December 20, 2001

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Legal basis of fight against terrorism

The legal basis of fight against terrorism is constituted by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, the Criminal code of the Republic of Belarus, this Law, other acts of the legislation, the international agreements of the Republic of Belarus.

If the international treaty of the Republic of Belarus establishes other rules, than those which are provided by this Law then are applied rules of the international treaty.

Article 2. Basic principles of fight against terrorism

Fight against terrorism in the Republic of Belarus is based on the principles:


priority of measures for the prevention of terrorism;

inevitability of punishment for implementation of terrorist activities;

combinations of public and secret methods of fight against terrorism;

complex use of preventive, legal, political, social and economic and propaganda measures;

priority of protection of the rights of persons which are endangered as a result of the act of terrorism, activities of the terrorist organization, illegal armed group;

minimum concessions to the terrorist;

one-man management in management of forces and the funds raised for carrying out counter-terrorist operations;

informing public on the act of terrorism and on carrying out counter-terrorist operations.

Article 3. Main terms and their determinations

For the purposes of this Law the following main terms and their determinations are applied:

fight against terrorism - activities for the prevention, identification, suppression and minimization of effects of terrorist activities;

the state reaction - realization by state bodies and other state organizations within their competence of measures for the prevention, identification and suppression of acts of terrorism, activities of the terrorist organizations, illegal armed groups and minimization of their effects;

the citizen - the citizen of the Republic of Belarus, the foreign citizen or the stateless person if other is not stipulated in this Law;

the hostage - the physical person captured and (or) withheld for the purpose of terrorism;

zone of carrying out counter-terrorist operation - certain sites of the area or the water area, the vehicle, the building, construction, the room and the territories adjoining to them or water areas within which the specified operation is performed;

counter-terrorist operation - the special events for suppression of the act of terrorism, minimization of its effects, suppression of activities of the terrorist organization, illegal armed group held for the purpose of protection of interests of the state, safety of citizens and the organizations, neutralization of terrorists;

crucial objects – objects of social, production, engineering and transport, energy, information and communication and other infrastructure which violation of functioning as a result of the act of terrorism can promote destabilization of public order and achievement of other purposes of terrorism and (or) to entail the human victims, damnification to human health or the environment, significant material damage and violation of conditions of life activity of people;


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