Document from CIS Legislation database © 2003-2022 SojuzPravoInform LLC

The document ceased to be valid since  February 3, 2017 according to article 254 of the Code of the Republic of Belarus about culture of  July 20, 2016 No. 413-Z


of March 22, 1995 No. 3680-XII

About library science in the Republic of Belarus

(as amended on 01-07-2014)

This Law determines legal, economic, social, organizational basis of library science and guarantees the inalienable right of each citizen to open entry to library stocks, regulates relations of libraries with the state, legal entities and physical persons for the purpose of satisfaction of needs of society in library stocks.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Legislation of the Republic of Belarus on library science

The legislation of the Republic of Belarus on library science consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation.

Article 2. Basic principles of the organization of library science

The basic principles of the organization of library science are:

rational arrangement of network of libraries according to demographic structure of the population and accounting of development of certain regions and industries of production;

interaction of libraries and mutually use of library stocks for the purpose of complete providing users;

state public nature of management of library science.

Article 3. Library as social institute

The library is welfare and information institute of society, performs collection, preserving and transfer of the materialized information for satisfaction of needs of society, promotes spiritual forming of the personality in the republic.

Article 4. Basic principles of activities of library

Treat the basic principles of activities of library:

determination of universal values as priority;

assistance to revival and development of national cultures, preserving historical and cultural heritage;

distribution of the humanistic ideas and scientific knowledge;

providing open entry to the ideas of the different directions through library stocks;

independence in determination of forms and methods of activities.

Article 5. Obligations of the state on development of library science

The state provides activities of library and promotes its development. On behalf of the supreme authorities the state assumes responsibility for realization of the right of each citizen to library servicing, forming and providing conditions of safety of library stocks, preparation and retraining of library personnel, development of material and technical resources of the libraries financed from the government budget.

Interests of development of library servicing are considered in all state programs adopted in the Republic of Belarus in the field of culture, economy, the state construction, the interstate and international relations.

Article 6. Citizen's right to library servicing

Each citizen irrespective of age, the education level, the social status, national identity, physical condition, religion and the residence has the right to open entry to library stocks of any library, except private, according to personal requirements and interests.

The citizen's right to library servicing is provided:

creation of network of public public libraries and the organization in them main types of servicing it is free;

variety of types of libraries in terms of the scope of activities, age and educational contingent of readers and other signs.

Chapter 2. Creation, registration and liquidation of libraries

Article 7. Procedure for creation and ensuring activities of libraries

Libraries are created according to social and economic, national and cultural needs of society.

Public authorities of all levels, the companies, the organizations, organizations, public associations, physical persons have the right to creation of libraries.

The library can be created as:

independent organization with the rights of the legal entity;

separate division of the legal entity;

structural division of the legal entity.

Opening of library is performed in the presence at the founder of permanent sources of financing, book fund in the amount of at least two thousand copies, and also library personnel.

The founder of library shall provide it:

the room respective to the established standard rates for servicing of readers and preserving library stocks;

equipment, means of mechanization and automation of library processes.

State bodies shall consider need of optimum arrangement of libraries when designing new residential districts and settlements. In the absence of certain buildings of library can be located in apartment houses according to standard rates.

It is forbidden to transfer the state libraries to the rooms worsening conditions of their activities. In case of transfer of the building in which the library is located to other organizations the state bodies performing transfer shall provide to library the equivalent room in advance and provide financing of movement of funds and the equipment of library.

The libraries financed from the government budget are exempted from the rent for use of the rooms which are in property of the state.

Article 8. Registration of library

Registration of library with the rights of the legal entity is performed by municipal authorities in the library location no later than 30 days from the moment of filing of application with appendix of necessary documents.

For registration of library the application with indication of the founder, sources of financing, necessary book fund, conditions of keeping, and also the charter (provision) of library is submitted.

The refusal in registration of library is possible only in cases of discrepancy of the charter (provision) of library to requirements of the legislation and violation of procedure for its creation.

Article 9. Reorganization and liquidation of libraries

The procedure for reorganization and liquidation of libraries is determined according to the Law of the Republic of Belarus "About culture in the Republic of Belarus" and other acts of the legislation.

The liquidations of library having great scientific and cultural value are not subject.

State bodies library science of all levels act as experts of feasibility of liquidation of libraries and resolve issue of form of participation of the owner in ensuring library servicing of this contingent of readers not below reached.

Liquidation of libraries of the companies, organizations, organizations, public associations cannot happen without the consent of their labor collectives.

In case of liquidation of library state bodies and libraries of the corresponding profile have the privilege of acquisition of its property.


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