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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of January 26, 1990 No. 3094-XI

About languages in the Republic of Belarus

(as amended on 10-05-2007)

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Purposes of the legislation on languages in the Republic of Belarus

The legislation of the Republic of Belarus on languages pursues the aim of settlement of the relations in the field of development and the use Belarusian, Russian and other languages which the republic population in the state, social and economic and cultural life, protection of constitutional rights of citizens in this sphere, education of respect for national advantage of the person, to its culture and language, further strengthening of friendship and cooperation of the people uses.

Article 2. State languages, other languages in the Republic of Belarus

According to the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus state languages of the Republic of Belarus are the Belarusian and Russian languages.

The Republic of Belarus provides all-round development and functioning of the Belarusian and Russian languages in all spheres of public life.

The Republic of Belarus shows the state care of free development and the use of all national languages which the republic population uses.

State bodies, local authorities and self-government, the company, organizations, the organizations and public associations create to citizens of the Republic of Belarus necessary conditions for studying of the Belarusian and Russian languages and committed ownership of them.

The law does not regulate the use of languages in unofficial communication, in communication of members of labor collectives among themselves.

Article 3. The right of citizens to use their national language

The right to use their national language is guaranteed to citizens of the Republic of Belarus. Also the right to address to state bodies, local authorities and self-government, on the companies, to organizations, the organizations and public associations in other language, Belarusian, Russian or acceptable for the parties, is guaranteed to them.

The decision on the substance of the address is drawn up on Belarusian or Russian.

Article 4. The obligation of heads, other employees of state bodies, local authorities and self-government, the companies, organizations, organizations and public associations to know Belarusian and Russian languages

Heads, other employees of state bodies, local authorities and self-government, the companies, organizations, organizations and public associations shall know Belarusian and Russian languages in the amount necessary for execution of the service duties by them.

Article 5. Guarantees of the rights of citizens by consideration of the documents filed by them in state bodies, local authorities and self-government, on the companies, in organizations, the organizations and public associations

State bodies, local authorities and self-government, the companies, organizations, the organizations and public associations shall accept and consider documents which are filed by citizens in the Belarusian, Russian languages.

The refusal of the official to accept and consider the address of the citizen in the Belarusian, Russian languages with reference to ignorance of language of the address involves responsibility according to the current legislation.

Article 6. Protection of languages

Any privileges or restrictions of the rights of the personality on language signs are inadmissible.

The public insult, discrediting of the state and other national languages, creation of obstacles and restrictions in use of them, the sermon of hostility on the language soil attract the responsibility established by the law.

Chapter 2. Language of state bodies, local authorities and self-government, companies, organizations, organizations and public associations

Article 7. Language of acts of state bodies and local authorities and self-government

Acts of state bodies of the Republic of Belarus are adopted and published in the Belarusian and (or) Russian languages.

Acts of local authorities and self-government are accepted and published in the Belarusian and (or) Russian languages, and if necessary - and in national language of the majority of the population of this or that area.

Article 8. Language of clerical work and documentation

In the Republic of Belarus languages of clerical work and documentation, and also languages of relations of state bodies, local authorities and self-government, the companies, organizations, organizations and public associations are the Belarusian and (or) Russian languages.

Texts on seals, stamps, stamps, forms, official forms of state bodies, local authorities and self-government, the companies, organizations, organizations and public associations are carried out in the Belarusian and (or) Russian languages.

Article 9. Language of the technical and project documentation

The technical and project documentation in the Republic of Belarus prepares on Belarusian or Russian, and taking into account purpose - in other language.

Article 10. Language of documents on the status of citizens of the Republic of Belarus

The official documents witnessing the status of the citizen, the passport, the service record, education documents, certificates of birth, scrap and also documents on the death of person - are carried out in the Belarusian and (or) Russian languages, and separate documents if necessary - in the Belarusian (Russian) and other languages.

Article 11. Language of congresses, conferences and other forums

In the Republic of Belarus working languages of congresses, sessions, conferences, plenums, meetings, meetings, other meetings are the Belarusian and (or) Russian languages.

Working language of the international meetings and forums which are held in the territory of the Republic of Belarus is the language determined by participants of the meeting or forum.

The right to choose language of performances with ensuring transfer on working language is guaranteed to members of local, republican and international meetings and forums.

Article 12. Language of documents at elections of the deputies and other persons elected to the state positions by the people

Documentation on elections of the deputies and other persons elected to the state positions by the people is drawn up on Belarusian or Russian.

Ballots are printed on Belarusian or Russian.

Article 13. Language in services industry

On transport, in trade, in the sphere of medical and consumer services it is used Belarusian or Russian, and if necessary - other languages.

Article 14. Legal proceedings language

In the Republic of Belarus legal proceedings are conducted on Belarusian or Russian.

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