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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of February 21, 1995 No. 3602-XII

About the President of the Republic of Belarus

(as of October 6, 2006)

This Law on basis and in pursuance of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus establishes legal status and powers of the President of the Republic of Belarus (further - the President), guarantees and procedure for their implementation.

I. General provisions

Article 1. The president is the Head of state, the guarantor of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, rights and freedoms of man and citizen.

The president is management official of the Republic of Belarus, personifies unity of the people, guarantees realization of the main directions of domestic and foreign policy, represents the Republic of Belarus in the relations with other states and the international organizations. The president takes measures for protection of sovereignty of the Republic of Belarus, its homeland security and territorial integrity, provides political and economic stability, succession and interaction of public authorities, performs mediation between public authorities.

Article 2. For realization of the powers the President is allocated with the rights and fulfills the high duties assigned to him before the people of the Republic of Belarus in the forms and limits determined by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law, other laws of the Republic of Belarus and decisions of republican referenda.

The president bears responsibility to the people of the Republic of Belarus for execution of the obligations.

Article 3. The president performs the activities for the purpose of development of the Republic of Belarus as unitary democratic social constitutional state, creation of conditions for free and worthy development of the personality, economic development of the state, growth in prosperity of the people of Belarus on the basis of the principles of equality of social, national and other communities before the law, protection of the rights and interests of the person, ensuring equality of everyone before the law.

Article 4. For the purpose of implementation of democracy in the Republic of Belarus on the basis of variety of political institutes, ideologies and views, ensuring civil consent the President stops the membership in the political parties and other public associations pursuing political goals for all term of office with announcement of the corresponding statement in seal.

Article 5. The president the citizen of the Republic of Belarus on the birth not younger 35 years, having the voting rights and constantly living in the Republic of Belarus at least ten years just before elections can be elected.

The president is elected directly by the people of the Republic of Belarus on the basis of general free, equal and direct suffrage in case of the secret vote according to the procedure established by the Electoral code of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 6. The president cannot be the deputy of the House of Representatives of National assembly of the Republic of Belarus (further - the House of Representatives) and the member of council of the Republic of National assembly of the Republic of Belarus (further - Council of the Republic), to hold other positions in the public, public and other institutions, the organizations, to perform business activity, to earn in addition to the salary monetary rewards, except for the fees for works of science, literature and art.

Article 7. The president has immunity, his honor and advantage are protected by the law.

The public insult of the President or slander concerning it, including with use of seal or other mass media, attract the responsibility established by the law.

Criminal case about public insult of the President or slander concerning it, including with use of seal or other mass media, is initiated according to the procedure, provided by the Code of penal procedure of the Republic of Belarus.

Claims for honor and dignity protection of the President are made in court according to the procedure, provided by the Code of civil procedure of the Republic of Belarus.

Preventing of legal activities of the President is not allowed and pursued under the law.

II. Term of office of the President

Article 8. Term of office of the President - five years.

Article 9. Powers of the President begin with the moment of assumption of office and stop from the moment of bringing of the Oath by the newly elected President or in connection with removal of the President from position, resignation of the President, early release of the President from position, the death of the President.

Article 10. The president enters position after bringing of the Oath of the following content:

"Entering position of the President of the Republic of Belarus, solemnly I swear truly to serve the people of the Republic of Belarus, to respect and protect rights and freedoms of man and citizen, to observe and protect the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, it is sacred and to honesty fulfill the high duties assigned to me".

The oath is taken in a festive atmosphere in presence of deputies of the House of Representatives and members of council of the Republic, judges of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court and Supreme Economic Court of the Republic of Belarus no later than two months from the date of election of the President. For participation in oath rite also the cabinet ministers of the Republic of Belarus, other officials, representatives of political parties, public associations, religious faiths of the Republic of Belarus accredited in the Republic of Belarus diplomats and representatives of foreign states can be invited.

After announcement of the text of the Oath the President signs the act of bringing of the Oath. The act of bringing of the Oath by the President is transferred to storage to archive of the President.

After signing of the act of bringing of the Oath the Chairman of the Central commission of the Republic of Belarus at elections and holding republican referenda hands to the President the certificate. The National anthem of the Republic of Belarus is performed.

Oath rite by the President is broadcast on republican television and radio.

Article 11. The president can be ahead of schedule dismissed in case of resistant inability for health reasons to perform the President's obligations. The decision on early release of the President from position is made by the majority at least two thirds of voices of complete structure of the House of Representatives and the majority at least two thirds of voices of complete structure of Council of the Republic based on the conclusion of the commission which is specially created by chambers. Decisions of chambers are made in the form of resolutions.

Article 12. The president can be displaced from position in connection with making of high treason or other serious crime. The decision on promotion of accusation and its investigation in this case is deemed accepted if the majority from complete structure of the House of Representatives according to the offer at least one third of her deputies voted for it. Investigation of accusation will be organized by Council of the Republic based on the accepted resolution.

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