of February 21, 1995 No. 3602-XII
About the President of the Republic of Belarus
(as of October 6, 2006)
This Law on basis and in pursuance of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus establishes legal status and powers of the President of the Republic of Belarus (further - the President), guarantees and procedure for their implementation.
Article 1. The president is the Head of state, the guarantor of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, rights and freedoms of man and citizen.
The president is management official of the Republic of Belarus, personifies unity of the people, guarantees realization of the main directions of domestic and foreign policy, represents the Republic of Belarus in the relations with other states and the international organizations. The president takes measures for protection of sovereignty of the Republic of Belarus, its homeland security and territorial integrity, provides political and economic stability, succession and interaction of public authorities, performs mediation between public authorities.
Article 2. For realization of the powers the President is allocated with the rights and fulfills the high duties assigned to him before the people of the Republic of Belarus in the forms and limits determined by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law, other laws of the Republic of Belarus and decisions of republican referenda.
The president bears responsibility to the people of the Republic of Belarus for execution of the obligations.
Article 3. The president performs the activities for the purpose of development of the Republic of Belarus as unitary democratic social constitutional state, creation of conditions for free and worthy development of the personality, economic development of the state, growth in prosperity of the people of Belarus on the basis of the principles of equality of social, national and other communities before the law, protection of the rights and interests of the person, ensuring equality of everyone before the law.
Article 4. For the purpose of implementation of democracy in the Republic of Belarus on the basis of variety of political institutes, ideologies and views, ensuring civil consent the President stops the membership in the political parties and other public associations pursuing political goals for all term of office with announcement of the corresponding statement in seal.
Article 5. The president the citizen of the Republic of Belarus on the birth not younger 35 years, having the voting rights and constantly living in the Republic of Belarus at least ten years just before elections can be elected.
The president is elected directly by the people of the Republic of Belarus on the basis of general free, equal and direct suffrage in case of the secret vote according to the procedure established by the Electoral code of the Republic of Belarus.
Article 6. The president cannot be the deputy of the House of Representatives of National assembly of the Republic of Belarus (further - the House of Representatives) and the member of council of the Republic of National assembly of the Republic of Belarus (further - Council of the Republic), to hold other positions in the public, public and other institutions, the organizations, to perform business activity, to earn in addition to the salary monetary rewards, except for the fees for works of science, literature and art.
Article 7. The president has immunity, his honor and advantage are protected by the law.
The public insult of the President or slander concerning it, including with use of seal or other mass media, attract the responsibility established by the law.
Criminal case about public insult of the President or slander concerning it, including with use of seal or other mass media, is initiated according to the procedure, provided by the Code of penal procedure of the Republic of Belarus.
Claims for honor and dignity protection of the President are made in court according to the procedure, provided by the Code of civil procedure of the Republic of Belarus.
Preventing of legal activities of the President is not allowed and pursued under the law.
Article 8. Term of office of the President - five years.
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