of October 5, 1994 No. 3266-XII
About political parties
This Law is directed to realization of constitutional right of citizens on freedom of associations in political parties, and also on establishment of legal and organizational basis of creation, activities, reorganization and (or) liquidation of political parties, unions (associations) of political parties.
Political party is the voluntary public association pursuing political goals, promoting identification and expression of political will of citizens and participating in elections.
The union (association) of political parties (further - the union) is the voluntary merging of political parties created for coordination of their authorized activities, representation and protection of common legitimate interests.
Political parties, the unions are non-profit organizations.
Citizens of the Republic of Belarus have consolidation right to liberty in political parties.
Accessory or the citizen's not belonging to political party cannot form the basis for restriction of its rights and freedoms, and also for non-admission of execution of the obligations established by the law by it, except as specified, provided by parts five and the sixth article 13 of this Law.
Accessory or the citizen's not belonging to political party cannot form the basis for provision or failure to provide to it the state of privileges and benefits.
The requirement about specifying in official documents on accessory or the citizen's not belonging to this or that political party is not allowed, except as specified, provided by legal acts.
The ideology of political parties cannot be established as obligatory for citizens.
Political parties, the unions act on the basis of liberty principles of consolidation, democratism, legality, publicity, self-government and equality of all political parties, unions.
The legal basis of activities of political parties, unions is constituted by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law and other acts of the legislation.
Political parties perform the activities according to their charters and programs.
The unions perform the activities according to their charters.
The state guarantees protection of the rights and legitimate interests of political parties, unions.
Intervention of state bodies and officials in activities of political parties, unions, as well as intervention of political parties, unions in activities of state bodies and officials, is not allowed, except as specified, stipulated by the legislation.
In the territory of the Republic of Belarus political parties of foreign states and their separate divisions cannot be created and be effective.
Creation and activities of political parties, the unions aiming at implementation of propaganda for war or extremist activities are forbidden.
Activities of the unregistered political parties, unions in the territory of the Republic of Belarus are forbidden.
Political parties achieve the objectives and tasks by means of:
developments and promotion of political programs, addresses and statements;
holding congresses, conferences and other meetings;
participations in elections;
activization of participation of citizens in management of the public and public affairs, in forming of representative bodies;
impacts within the legislation in other ways on condition of public opinion.
As founders of political party have the right to act the citizens of the Republic of Belarus who reached eighteen-year age and having the voting rights.
As founders of the union have the right to act the political parties which made the decision to create the union.
The political party can be created at constituent congress of political party or by transformation of public association to political party.
The political party is based only on the territorial principle and shall have Minsk city and the regional organizational structures in the majority of the areas of the Republic of Belarus created according to the procedure, established by the legislation and the charter of political party in six-months time from the date of state registration of political party.
Founders of political party convene constituent congress at which they make the decision on creation of political party, approve its name and the charter, adopt the program and elect bodies of political party.
Founders of the union convene constituent congress, either conference, or other constituent assembly at which they make the decision on creation of the union, approve its name and the charter, elect bodies of the union.
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