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The document ceased to be valid since  February 1, 2019 according to the Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 17, 2018 No. 130-Z

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of January 10, 2000 No. 361-Z

About regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Belarus

(as of July 2, 2009)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on December 14, 1999

Approved by Council of the Republic on December 22, 1999

This Law determines concept and types of regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Belarus, establishes general procedure for their preparation, registration, acceptance (edition), publication, action, interpretation and systematization.

Section I. General provisions. Types of regulatory legal acts

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The main terms applied in rule-making activities

In rule-making activities the following main terms and their determinations are applied:

acts of the legislation - the regulatory legal acts constituting the legislation of the Republic of Belarus;

analogy of the law - application to the public relations owing to lack of the regulations of the legislation governing these public relations, the regulations of the legislation governing the similar public relations;

analogy of the right - application to the public relations owing to lack of the rules of law regulating not only this, but also the similar public relations, the general beginnings, sense of the legislation, the general principles of the right and the principles of specific industries of the right;

the legislation - system of the regulatory legal acts governing the public relations;

legal acts - Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, laws of the Republic of Belarus, decrees and presidential decrees of the Republic of Belarus;

the legislative initiative - official introduction by the subject determined by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, the bill of the Republic of Belarus in legislature;

the legislative equipment - system of rules of preparation of drafts of legal acts;

incorporation - type of the systematization of regulatory legal acts performed without change of the content of legal regulation established by them including by consolidation in collections (meetings) in certain procedure;

codification - type of the systematization of regulatory legal acts which is followed by conversion of the content of legal regulation established by them by consolidation of regulatory legal acts in the single regulatory legal act containing the systematized statement of the legal instructions directed to regulation of certain area of the public relations;

collision of regulatory legal acts - contradiction (discrepancy) of regulations of the operating regulatory legal acts governing the same public relations;

local regulatory legal act - regulatory legal act which action is limited to framework of one or several organizations;

regulatory legal act - the official document of the established form accepted (published) within competence of authorized state body (official) or by referendum with observance of the Republic of Belarus established by the legislation of the procedure, containing the obligatory rules of conduct expected the uncertain group of people and numerous application;

rule-making activities - scientific and organizational activities for preparation, examination, change, amendment, acceptance (edition), interpretation, action suspension, recognition invalid or cancellation of regulatory legal acts;

rule-making initiative - the official direction the subject of rule-making activities in rule-making body (official) of the project of regulatory legal act or the motivated offer on need of acceptance (edition), change, amendment, interpretation, suspension of action, recognition invalid, cancellations of regulatory legal act or its part;

rule-making body (official) - state body (official), the representative (authorized) to accept (to publish) regulatory legal acts;

rule-making process - rule-making activities of rule-making bodies (officials) for development and acceptance (edition) of regulatory legal acts, their introduction in action;

the rule-making equipment - system of rules of preparation of projects of regulatory legal acts;

promulgation of regulatory legal act - bringing regulatory legal act to general data by its publication in seals, distribution through other mass media or other public means of communication;

the right - system of the obligatory rules of conduct established (authorized) and provided with the state for the purpose of regulation of the public relations;

gaps in the legislation - lack of the precepts of law governing the public relations which need of regulation is caused by essence and content of the operating system of law of the state, the principles and rules of international law;

compiled laws - the complete systematized collection uniting legal acts of the Republic of Belarus;

the code of the legislation - the complete systematized collection uniting regulatory legal acts;

systematization of the legislation - activities for streamlining of regulatory legal acts, their reduction in the single internally approved system;

the subject of rule-making activities - the physical persons or legal entities which are taking part in rule-making activities;

technical regulatory legal acts - technical regulations, technical codes of common practice, standards, including state standards of the Republic of Belarus, standards of the organizations, specifications, aviation rules, zoohygienic, veterinary, veterinary sanitary standards and rules, sanitary standards, rules and hygienic standard rates, pharmakopeyny Articles, regulations and fire safety regulations, regulations and rules on ensuring technical, industrial, nuclear and radiation safety, regulation and the rule on ensuring safe transportation of dangerous goods, protection and rational use of subsoil, job evaluation catalogs, the state qualifiers of technical and economic information, form of the state statistical observations and instruction for their filling, methods of forming and calculation of statistics, instructions on the organization and carrying out the state statistical observations, forms of the departmental reporting and instruction for their filling, projects of zones of protection of immovable material historical and cultural values, other regulatory legal acts carried by legal acts of the Republic of Belarus to technical regulatory legal acts, approved (enacted) according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus;

legal force of regulatory legal act - the characteristic of regulatory legal act determining obligation of its application to the corresponding public relations and also its hierarchy in relation to other regulatory legal acts.

Article 2. Types of regulatory legal acts

Constitution of the Republic of Belarus - The fundamental Law of the Republic of Belarus having the highest legal force and establishing the fundamental principles and regulations of legal regulation of the major public relations.

The decision of referendum - the regulatory legal act directed to settlement of the major questions of the state and public life, accepted by republican or local referendum.

The program law - the law adopted in the procedure established by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and on the questions determined by it.

The code of the Republic of Belarus (the codified regulatory legal act) - the law providing complete system regulation of certain area of the public relations.

The law of the Republic of Belarus - the regulatory legal act establishing the principles and regulations of regulation of the most important public relations.

The decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus - the regulatory legal act of the Head of state which is valid the law, published according to the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus based on the legislative powers delegated to it by Parliament or in cases of special need (the temporary decree) for regulation of the most important public relations.

The presidential decree of the Republic of Belarus - the regulatory legal act of the Head of state published for the purpose of realization of its powers and establishing (changing, canceling) certain precepts of law.

The directive of the President of the Republic of Belarus - the decree of program nature issued by the Head of state for the purpose of the system solution of the questions having priority political, social and economic value.

Resolutions of chambers of Parliament - National assembly of the Republic of Belarus - the regulatory legal acts adopted by chambers of Parliament - National assembly of the Republic of Belarus in the cases provided by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus.

The resolution of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus - regulatory legal act of the Government of the Republic of Belarus.

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