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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

of July 27, 2007 No. 319-III ZRK

About education

(as amended on 07-07-2020)

This Law governs the public relations in the field of education, determines the basic principles of state policy in this area and is aimed at providing constitutional right of citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and also the foreigners and persons without citizenship who are constantly living in the Republic of Kazakhstan on education.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The basic concepts used in this Law

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

1)  No. 398-V ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 13.11.2015;

1-1) graduateds in a military academy - person studying in the foreign military educational institutions realizing educational programs of postgraduate education;

2) academy - the organization of the higher and (or) postgraduate education performing scientific and pedagogical activities in certain area and being the scientific and methodical center;

2-1) academic credit - the unified unit of measure of amount scientific and (or) study (loading) of the student and (or) the teacher;

2-2) academic mobility - movement of students or teachers-researchers for training or carrying out researches for certain academic period (semester or academic year) in other organization of the higher and (or) postgraduate education (within the country or abroad) with obligatory reoffsetting of the mastered training programs, disciplines in the form of the academic credits in the organization of the higher and (or) postgraduate education or for continuation of study in other organization of the higher and (or) postgraduate education;

2-3) accreditation body - the legal entity who carries out institutional and (or) specialized accreditations of the organizations of education on the basis of the standards (regulations) developed by it;

2-4) standards (regulations) of accreditation - the documents of accreditation body establishing requirements to the procedure of accreditation;

3) scholarship - the grant established by physical persons or legal entities for encouragement of the most capable students who are successfully mastering the appropriate educational programs, engaged in research work, taking active part in public, cultural and sports life of educational institution;

3-1) methodical office - the structural division of governing bodies of education providing organizational and methodical maintenance, the analysis and assessment of effectiveness of educational process, generalization and distribution of innovative pedagogical experience what promotes the creative growth of teachers and their professional self-realization;

3-2) military, special educational institutions - the organizations of education subordinated to bodies of homeland security of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, bodies of prosecutor's office of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

4) the bachelor - the degree awarded to persons who mastered educational programs of the higher education;

4-1) bachelor degree - the higher education which educational programs are directed to training with award of degree "bachelor" on the corresponding specialty;

5) preprofile preparation - purposeful pedagogical support of the choice by the student of the main secondary education of individual educational trajectory;

5-1) profile school - the educational institution realizing the general education training program of general secondary education;

6) profile training - process of differentiation and individualization of training, the organization of educational process taking into account interests, tendencies and capabilities of students;

6-1) doctor on profile - the degree awarded to the persons who mastered the program of doctoral studies for the respective sphere of professional activity and defended the dissertation in the Republic of Kazakhstan or beyond its limits, recognized according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

7) the international grant of Bolashak - the grant established by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan for training of citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the leading foreign organizations of the higher and (or) postgraduate education on full-time courses or passings of training in the foreign organizations by workers which categories are determined by the Republican commission on training abroad;

7-1) voucher and modular system of advanced training - the advanced training form giving to the educator opportunity of the choice of the organization, content and terms of training, financed on the basis of the per capita standard rate established by the state and which is drawn up in the form of the personalized document (voucher) provided with certain amount of money;

7-2) institute of advanced training - the organization of education realizing urgent educational programs of professional advanced training of personnel in system of life-long education, performing support of the innovative processes in education providing efficiency of methodical work;

7-3) assignment of qualification - the procedure of confirmation of set of the individual capabilities, professional knowledge, skills necessary for performance of work within the corresponding type of professional activity;

7-4) special conditions for education - the conditions including special training programs and training methods, technical and other means, living environment, and also medical, social and other services without which development of general education training and educational programs by persons (children) with special educational needs is impossible;

8) intermediate certification of students - the procedure which is carried out for the purpose of quality evaluation of development by students of content of part or all amount of one subject, one subject matter and (or) the module, and also professional modules within one qualification after completion of their studying;

9) final assessment of students - the procedure which is carried out for the purpose of determination of extent of development by them of amount of the subjects, subject matters and (or) modules provided by the state obligatory standard of appropriate level of education;

9-1) education - the continuous process of education and training performed for the purpose of moral, intellectual, cultural, physical development and forming of professional competence;

9-2) educational program - the single complex of the main characteristics of education including the purposes, results and content of training, the organization of educational process, methods and methods of their realization, criteria for evaluation of results of training;

10) the educational grant - the target amount of money presented to the student on the conditions established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan for payment of the higher or postgraduate education with award of degree "bachelor" or "master";

10-1) educational credit - the money provided to the borrower by the financial organizations for payment of training at conditions of urgency, the paid nature and recoverability;

11) educational activities - process of purposeful, pedagogically reasonable, consecutive interaction of subjects of education during which problems of training, development and education of the personality are solved;

12) educational monitoring - systematic observation, the analysis, assessment and the forecast of condition and dynamics of changes of results and conditions of implementation of educational processes, the contingent of students, networks, and also rating indicators of achievements of organization activity of education;

13) authorized body in the field of education - the central executive body of the Republic of Kazakhstan performing management and cross-industry coordination in the field of education;

13-1) operator of authorized body in the field of education - the legal entity with absolute participation of the state in the authorized capital determined by authorized body in the field of education, performing placement of the state order on providing students, undergraduates and doctoral candidates with places in hostels and the state educational order on the secondary education in the private organizations of education and also performing coordination of activities of participants of per capita normative financing in limits, stipulated by the legislation the Republic of Kazakhstan, and providing monitoring and control of observance by persons specified in Item 17 of article 47 of this Law, the obligations on working off or expense recovery of budgetary funds in case of not working off;

14) national system of quality evaluation of education - set of institutional structures, procedures, forms and methods of establishment of compliance of quality of education to the state obligatory standards of education, to needs of the personality, society and state;

15) nostrification of education documents - the procedure which is carried out for the purpose of determination of equivalence of the documents issued to persons who got education in other states, in the international or foreign educational institutions (their branches);

16) accreditation of the organizations of education - the procedure of recognition by accreditation body of compliance of educational services to the established standards (regulations) of accreditation for the purpose of provision of the objective information about their quality and confirmations of availability of effective mechanisms of its increase;

17) the state certification of the organizations of education - the procedure which is carried out for the purpose of control of compliance of the educational services provided by the organizations of education, to requirements of the state obligatory standard;

17-1)  No. 171-VI ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 04.07.2018;

18) gymnasium - the educational institution realizing the general education training programs of primary, main secondary and general secondary education and educational programs of additional education providing expanded and profound education in public humanitarianly and other directions of training according to tendencies and capabilities of students;

18-1) scientific and methodical work - the type of activity based on achievements of science and the best pedagogical practices and directed to enhancement of functioning and development of system of life-long education;

18-2) candidate of science, the doctor of science - the academic degrees awarded based on protection of theses by job seekers;

18-3) doctoral candidate - person studying in doctoral studies;

18-4) doctoral studies - postgraduate education which educational programs are directed to training for scientific, pedagogical and (or) professional activity, with award of degree of the doctor of philosophy (PhD), the doctor on profile;

19)    No. 487-IV ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 24.10.2011

19-1) dual training - form of the training combining training in the organization of education with the obligatory periods of inservice training and professional practice at the company (in the organization) with provision of workplaces and compensation payment to students in case of equal responsibility of the company (organization), educational institution and the student;

19-2) special status - the status of the organization of the higher and (or) postgraduate education appropriated by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan for introduction of outstanding contribution to education, training and professional formation of the personality, ensuring steadily high level of the higher and (or) postgraduate education;

19-3) persons (children) with special educational needs are persons who experience the permanent or temporary difficulties in education caused by health, needing special, general education training programs and educational programs of additional education;

20)    No. 487-IV ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 24.10.2011

21) comprehensive school - the educational institution realizing general education training programs of primary, main secondary and general secondary education, and also educational programs of additional education of students and pupils;

21-1) per capita standard rates of financing - the standard rate of financial provision of the guaranteed state training cost at all education levels;

21-2) qualifiers of the directions of training with the higher and postgraduate education (further - the qualifier of the directions of training) - the document establishing classification and coding of the directions of training with the higher and postgraduate education and used for implementation of educational programs of the higher and postgraduate education;

21-3) organizations of the higher and (or) postgraduate education - the higher educational institution realizing educational programs of the higher and (or) postgraduate education and performing research activities;

21-4) endaument-funds of the organization of the higher and (or) postgraduate education - the fund of the target capital created due to the charitable help, non-paid assignments, donations, grants, deposits of founders (participants) of the organizations of education from which investment revenue goes for financing of scientific and (or) educational activities;

21-5) highest colleges - the educational institution realizing the integrated modular educational programs of technical and professional, postsecondary education;

21-6) research universities - the university realizing the development program approved by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan for five years and using results of the activities for integration of science and education, generation and transfer of new knowledge and technologies;

21-7) inclusive educations - the process providing equal access to education for all students taking into account special educational needs and individual opportunities;

22) innovative and educational consortium - voluntary equal consolidation on the basis of cooperation agreement in which the organizations of the higher and (or) postgraduate education, the scientific organizations and other legal entities occupied in the field of production combine intellectual, financial and other resources for training of highly qualified specialists based on basic, applied scientific research and technological innovations;

23)    No. 487-IV ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 24.10.2011

24)    No. 487-IV ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 24.10.2011

25) institute - the organization of the higher and (or) postgraduate education performing scientific and pedagogical activities, and also training for professional activity;

26) institutional accreditation - process of estimation of quality of the organization of education by accreditation body on compliance to the declared status and the established standards of accreditation body;

26-1) the integrated educational programs - the educational programs developed on the basis of combination of the corresponding informative aspects of educational programs;

27) the residential organizations - the organizations of education providing the state guarantees of rights to education of certain categories of persons with provision of the place of residence;

28) internship - form of training of students on clinical specialties within basic higher medical education for receipt of the admission to clinical practice;

28-1) cadet - person studying in military, special educational institution according to educational programs of technical and professional or postsecondary education;

28-2) centers of adaptation of minors - the organizations which are under authority of educational bodies, providing acceptance and temporary content of neglected and street children aged from three up to eighteen years for establishment of the parents or other legal representatives, children without parental support or persons replacing them in case of impossibility of their timely device, the children selected in case of direct threat of their life or to health of guardianship and custody body from parents (one of them) or from other persons on whose care they are of the children sent to the special organizations of education and also the children who are in difficult life situation owing to the ill treatment which led to social disadaptation and social deprivation;

29) professional orientation - provision of information and the consulting help to the student in realization of its rights in the field of educational and professional opportunities, free and conscious choice of profession and places of study according to professional interests, individual capabilities and psychophysiological features;

29-1) professional education - the education type directed to acquisition by students of knowledge, abilities, skills and competences allowing message professional activity in certain sphere and (or) to perform work on specific profession or specialty;

29-2) professional preparation form of the professional training aimed at the development of the personality for acquisition of the new or changed professional skills necessary for accomplishment of certain work type;

30)  No. 172-VI ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 04.07.2018;

30-1) professional practicians - type of the educational activities directed to fixing of theoretical knowledge, abilities, acquisition and development of practical skills and competences of process of accomplishment of the certain work types connected with future professional activity;

31)    No. 487-IV ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 24.10.2011

32)    No. 487-IV ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 24.10.2011

33) complex testing - form of the examination held at the same time on several subject matters using information and communication;

34) clinical base - the organization of health care which is used by the organization of education for preparation and advanced training of personnel in the field of health care on cooperation agreement;

35) college - the educational institution realizing educational programs of general secondary and technical and professional education or postsecondary education;

35-1) cooperative training - one of forms of the organization of the professional training of personnel based on the corporate liability of the state, employers and educational institutions;

36) credit technology of training - training at basis of the choice and independent planning studying the sequence of studying of disciplines with accumulating of the academic credits;

36-1) cadet - person studying in military, special educational institution according to educational programs of the higher education;

37) acceptance quota - the extreme number of amount of the state educational order, including the educational grants selected for acceptance in the organizations of education realizing educational programs of technical and professional, postsecondary and higher education;

37-1) educational grant of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Elbasa "Orken" (further - grant of Orken) - the grant established by the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan for payment of training of exceptional children in the autonomous organization of education "Nazarbayev Intellectual schools";

37-2) associated professor (associate professor), professor - the academic statuses given by authorized body in the field of education;

38) remote educational technologies - the training performed using information and communication technologies and telecommunication means in case of mediate (at distance) or not completely mediate interaction of the student and teacher;

38-1) applied bachelor degree - postsecondary education which educational programs are directed to training with qualification award "the applied bachelor";

38-2) applied bachelor - the qualification awarded to persons who mastered educational programs of postsecondary education;

38-3) out-of-school organization of additional education - the teaching and educational organization realizing educational programs of additional education of students and pupils;

39) additional education - the process of education, training performed for the purpose of satisfaction of comprehensive needs of students, pupils and specialists;

40) lyceum - the educational institution realizing the general education training programs of the main secondary and general secondary education and educational programs of additional education providing expanded and profound natural and mathematical education of students according to their tendencies and capabilities;

41) the master - the degree awarded to persons who mastered educational programs of magistracy;

41-1) undergraduates - person studying in magistracy;

41-2) magistracies - postgraduate education which educational programs are directed to training with award of degree "master";

41-3) specialists - the qualification appropriated to persons after development of the educational program of the higher education;

42) specialized accreditation - quality evaluation of the separate educational programs realized by the organization of education;

42-1) preschool organization - the organization of education realizing general education, special training programs of preschool education and training;

43)    No. 487-IV ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 24.10.2011

44) the state scholarship - the grant established by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan and (or) the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

45) the state educational order - the amount of services in preschool education and training, secondary education, training, advanced training and retraining of skilled workers and specialists financed by the state for ensuring requirements of economy, reproduction of skilled labor force and intellectual potential of society, and also on educational methodically providing education system;

45-1) state final exam - the form of final assessment of students in the organizations of secondary education which is necessary condition for receipt of the document of the state sample by them, rate of secondary education, testimonial of the termination;

46) the training program - the program determining content and amount of knowledge, abilities, skills and competences which are subject to development by each subject, each subject matter and (or) the module;

47) the curriculum - the document regulating the list, the sequence I will eat around (labor input) of subjects, subject matters and (or) modules, professional practice, other types of educational activities of students of appropriate level of education and form of control;

48) educational clinical center - the structural division of the medical organization of the higher and (or) postgraduate education equipped with the modern equipment, phantoms and models and intended for development and control of practical (clinical) skills of students and (or) health workers;

48-1) training - purposeful process of the organization of activities of students and pupils for mastering knowledge, abilities, skills and competences, development of capabilities, acquisition of experience of use of knowledge in everyday life and forming of motivation of knowledge acquisition during all life;

48-2) results of training - the amount of knowledge, abilities, the skills acquired, shown to students on development of the educational program confirmed with assessment and the created values and the relations;

48-3) educational and improving organization of education - the legal entity performing functions on education, education, improvement, rest of children and the studying youth;

49) secondary education - the education guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan got by citizens as a result of development of general education training programs of primary, main secondary and general secondary education according to the state obligatory standards of education;

49-1) grant "The best organization of secondary education" - the money allocated by annually local executive bodies of area, city of republican value and the capital to the state organizations of secondary education following the results of tender on the basis of rating indicators;

49-2) organization of secondary education - the organization of education realizing general education training programs of primary, main secondary, general secondary education, specialized general education and special training programs;

49-3) program of moral and spiritual education "Self-knowledge" - the program determining the purposes, content, and also innovative methods of functioning of the educational system and training providing harmonious intellectual and moral and spiritual development of students;

49-4) No. 240-VI ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 01.04.2019;

49-5) centers of support of the children who are in difficult life situation - the organizations which are under authority of educational bodies, rendering special social services with provision of permanent or temporary (day) stay and also by provision of information, consulting, intermediary services to legal entities whose activities are connected with implementation of measures for the prevention of difficult life situation;

49-6) inservice training - the training directed to acquisition of theoretical knowledge, practical abilities by students based on the organizations of education and (or) the companies (organizations);

50) No. 36-V ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 10.07.2012

50-1) teacher - the person having pedagogical or other professional education on the corresponding profile and performing professional activity of the teacher on training and education of students and (or) pupils, to methodical maintenance or the organization of educational activities;

50-2) post-course maintenance of activities of the teacher - the system of actions providing development of professional competence of the teacher by continuous monitoring of its post-course activities and rendering the methodical, consulting help;

50-3) resident doctor - the doctor studying within the educational program of residency and working in the medical organization under the supervision of the mentor;

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