of September 14, 2000 No. 1947-III
About the Nation-wide program of the address with toxic waste
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine decides:
1. Approve the Nation-wide program of the address with toxic waste it (is applied).
2. This Law becomes effective from the date of its publication.
President of Ukraine L. Kuchma
Approved by the Law of Ukraine of September 14, 2000 No. 1947-III
In Ukraine as a result of formation of large volumes of toxic (dangerous) waste the problem of ecological safety acquired special sharpness. The gap between the progressing accumulating of toxic waste and measures for their utilization and neutralization threatens with deepening of ecological crisis and aggravation of social and economic situation in Ukraine.
The effective solution of all complex of the questions connected with liquidation or restriction of negative impact of toxic waste for the surrounding environment and health of the person is possible only on the basis of the measures provided by the Nation-wide program of the address with toxic waste (further - the Program) which considers the current state of economy in Ukraine, perspectives of its social and economic development.
Need of forming of the special Program is caused by also considerable need for scientific research and capital investments, rather low cost efficiency, duration and technological complexity of the most part of measures for the address with toxic waste. It provides coherence of the main program actions, goals management of cross-industry and interregional bonds, control of the course of accomplishment of tasks, attraction of financial resources from the different sources which are not prohibited by the law.
In case of development of the Program the international experience of the problem resolution in the field of the address with toxic waste is considered.
The state customer of the Program is the central executive body to which maintaining questions of providing ecological safety and protection of the surrounding environment are carried.
The term of accomplishment of the Program - 2000-2005.
Inventory count and the statistical reporting for 1995-1999 demonstrate that at the companies of Ukraine about 100 million tons of toxic waste is annually formed. From them 2,5-3,5 of one million tons concerns to the most dangerous according to the European standards (I-III classes of danger).
The number of the companies at which toxic waste is fixed exceeds 2500. The total amount of accumulating of toxic waste constitutes 4,4 of one billion tons, and current expenses on their removal and хранениеоколо 120 million hryvnias in 1995 and about 361 million hryvnias in 1998.
Depending on the number of accumulating of amounts of toxic waste in certain territories of the country the issue of the treatment of them is resolved at the following levels:
On amounts of education the toxic waste containing heavy metals (chrome, lead, nickel, cadmium, mercury) prevails. Preferential it is waste of the companies of ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, the chemical industry, mechanical engineering (galvanic productions).
The separate group of toxic waste is constituted by the unsuitable to use and prohibited to application chemical remedies of plants (further - unsuitable HSZR). According to official statistics, the number of this waste which is saved up in Ukraine makes thousand tons about 13,5. They are dispersed on all territory of Ukraine, quite often are in unadapted and accidental rooms, and here and there under the open sky. There are 109 warehouses of centralized storage of the toxic waste which is under authority of local public administrations, and about 5000 warehouses in agricultural enterprises.
Considerable part of objects where toxic waste is stored, is very dangerous to the surrounding environment owing to migration of toxic components by infiltration in underground and surface water, razneseniye by wind, animals and activities of the person.
There are about 300 stores of the toxic waste constructed without proper technical protection and which became source of ecological danger of regional scale. The equipped storages for storage of toxic waste and installation for their neutralization and regeneration are created only at the separate companies that practically does not influence general situation.
1. The purpose of the Program is the prevention of accumulating of toxic waste and restriction of their harmful effects on the surrounding environment and health of the person.
2. The program provides the solution of the following main objectives:
determination of the main directions in the field of the address with toxic waste as component of state policy in the field of environmental protection, use of natural resources and providing ecological safety;
development and implementation of program measures on:
a) to consecutive reducing amounts of cumulative toxic waste by utilization, neutralization and removal;
b) to restriction of formation of toxic waste by production restructuring (where it is possible), regenerations, implementations of low-waste technologies and processes of the closed cycle;
c) to cleaning of the territories contaminated by toxic waste.
1. Stages of program implementation are:
1) preparatory stage (2000):
development of scientific methodology of works and the plan of program measures in the field of the address with toxic waste;
development of the legal, economic and organizational and managerial mechanism of program implementation;
determination of governing body of the Program;
development of the organizational chart of maintenance and control of accomplishment of the Program;
implementation of the information and analytical Waste system;
development of offers on training of specialists in the field of the address with toxic waste;
development of recommendations about development of regional and industry programs in the field of the address with toxic waste;
2) stage of realization of first-priority measures (2000-2001):
completion of creation of the legal, economic and organizational and managerial mechanism of program implementation;
enhancement of normative and methodical and information bases in the field of the address with toxic waste:
a) development of industry and regional qualifiers of dangerous wastes, enhancement of techniques of reference of toxic waste on categories of danger, etc.;
b) creation and maintaining registers of places of education, processing, utilization and removal of toxic waste;
development of basic technologies, project decisions and the equipment in the field of the address with toxic waste;
development of regional projects and local programs of the address with toxic waste;
development and deployment of technology solutions on utilization and neutralization of waste of galvanic productions in certain regions of Ukraine (The Kiev, Lviv, Poltava regions);
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