of January 14, 2000 No. 1389-XIV
About land reclamation
This Law determines bases of legal regulation of the public relations arising in the course of carrying out land reclamation, use of the reclaimed lands and meliorative systems and powers of executive bodies and local government bodies in the field of land reclamation and is aimed at providing ecological safety of meliorative systems and protection of public concerns.
In this Law the following terms are used:
land reclamation - complex hydrotechnical, cultures - the technical, chemical, agrotechnical, agrotimber, other meliorative actions performed for the purpose of regulation of the water, thermal, air and nutritious mode of soils, preserving and increase in their fertility and forming of ecologically balanced rational structure of grounds;
meliorative actions - the works directed to improvement of chemical and physical properties of soils, flood of pastures, creation of protective forest plantings, carrying out cultures - technical works, improvement of lands with the adverse water mode and engineering-geological conditions, designing, construction (reconstruction) and operation of meliorative systems, including scientific, organizational and technological support of these works;
the reclaimed lands - grounds on which the complex of meliorative actions according to the project documentation approved in accordance with the established procedure is performed;
meliorative system - technologically complete engineering infrastructure including such separate objects as meliorative network of channels, pipelines (irrigating, drying, drying and moistening, collector and drainage) with hydraulic engineering constructions and pumping points, protective dikes, the supervisory network, roads and constructions on them which interaction provides management of the water, thermal, air and nutritious mode of soils on the reclaimed lands;
meliorative system of nation-wide value (further nation-wide meliorative system) - the meliorative system which is in the territory more than one area, providing interregional giving, distribution and water drainage and which objects of engineering infrastructure are on balance of the companies, organizations and organizations falling within the scope of management of the central executive body realizing state policy in the field of development of water economy;
intereconomic meliorative system - the meliorative system which is in limits of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, one area or one area and providing interdistrict and intereconomic giving, distribution and water drainage;
intraeconomic meliorative system - the meliorative system which is in limits of lands of one owner (user) and providing giving, distribution and water drainage on these lands;
monitoring of the irrigated and drained lands - complex of the special works including collection, processing, storage and information transfer about condition of the reclaimed lands and meliorative systems, their water balance and also the analysis, assessment and forecasting of possible influence of meliorative actions for the surrounding environment.
Activities in the field of land reclamation are regulated by the Land code of Ukraine, the Water code of Ukraine, the Code of Ukraine about subsoil, the Law of Ukraine "About protection of the surrounding environment", this Law, other regulatory legal acts, and also international treaties of Ukraine which consent to be bound is this the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
If the international treaty of Ukraine which consent to be bound is this the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine establishes other regulations, than those which are stipulated by the legislation Ukraine about land reclamation then are applied regulations of the international treaty.
Depending on orientation of the performed meliorative actions the following main types of land reclamation are determined: hydrotechnical, cultures - technical, chemical, agrotechnical, agrotimber.
The meliorative actions which are subject to implementation in the course of land reclamation by its separate types are determined by this Law.
In case of project development of land reclamation integrated approach to implementation of meliorative actions is surely determined.
Hydrotechnical land reclamation provides implementation of complex of the actions aimed at providing improvement of the lands with the adverse water mode (rehumidified, redrained, etc.), regulation of the water mode by creation of special hydraulic engineering constructions on slope and other lands for the purpose of improvement of the water and air mode of soils and protection them from harmful effect of water (flooding, flooding, erosion, etc.).
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