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LAW OF UKRAINE

of December 26, 2002 No. 411-IV

About seeds and planting stock

(as amended on 20-09-2019)

This Law determines the basic principles of production and the address of seeds and planting stock, and also procedure of the state control of them.

Operation of this Law does not extend to activities of physical persons for production, storage, transportation and/or use of seeds and planting stock for satisfaction of own needs which are not connected with implementation of economic activity and also to the address of seeds and planting stock of genetically modified organisms (plants) that is regulated by the special legislation.

Section I General provisions

Article 1. Determination of terms

In this Law the terms below are used in such value:

seeds - the plant material used for sowing including actually seeds (seed), fruits, compound fruits;

planting stock - plants and their vegetative bodies (parts) suitable for reproduction of complete organism of plants;

seed farming - crop production industry which provides reproduction and production of seeds and planting stock of plant varieties;

primary links of seed farming - crops (landings) of nurseries of selection and reproduction of acknowledged grade of seeds;

cultivation of seedling - crop production industry which provides production, creation of uterine plantings;

primary links of pitomnikovodstvo - the uterine plantings of perennial plants created with use of initial planting stock of acknowledged grades in basic nurseries and planting stock which of them turns out;

category of seeds and planting stock - the seeds and planting stock received at certain stage of reproduction of grade.

Categories of seeds and planting stock:

dobazovy seeds - the seeds of primary links of seed farming used for its further reproduction and receipt of basic seeds;

basic seeds - generation of seeds, received from consecutive reproduction of dobazovy seeds;

the certified seeds - generation of seeds, received from consecutive reproduction of basic seeds.

To seeds of categories dobazovy, basic and certified the seed potato and drug plants belong;

output planting stock of perennial plants - the virus-free plants or parts of plants of grades, clones created as a result of selection work for further reproduction;

basic planting stock of perennial plants - the virus-free plants or parts of plants of grades, clones received from consecutive reproduction of initial planting stock and intended for creation of uterine plantings;

the certified planting stock of perennial plants - the virus-free plants of grades, clones received from reproduction of basic planting stock and intended for laying of industrial plantings.

To planting stock of categories output, basic, certified grapes, hop, fruit, berry, nuciferous, rare, ornamental and forest plants belong;

packaging - process of packaging (packing) of certain mass of seeds or quantity of planting stock in packaging (container);

the label - the label made of special paper or other material and intended for marking of seeds which is fixed outside and, at the request of the producer, invests in packaging (container);

marking - drawing on the label of information on the name of botanical taxon, grade, batch number, category, generation, year and month of packaging, and also other information according to requirements of the legislation in the field of seed farming;

high-quality qualities of seeds and planting stock - set of morphological features by which plant belonging to the corresponding grade is determined;

sowing qualities of seeds - set of the indicators characterizing suitability of seeds to crops;

commercial properties of planting stock - set of biometric indicators of planting stock, including sanitary condition according to which sorting and determination of the economic validity of planting stock is conducted;

nurseries of selection - link of reproduction of seeds that is selected from the best plants for further laying of nurseries of reproduction;

nurseries of reproduction - links of reproduction of the seeds received from nurseries of selection;

realization of seeds or planting stock - activities of legal entities and/or physical persons entrepreneurs for sale and/or delivery of seeds or planting stock;

standard seeds - seeds which high-quality and sowing qualities conform to the requirements established by the legislation in the field of seed farming;

substandard seeds - seeds which high-quality and sowing qualities do not conform to the requirements established by the legislation in the field of seed farming;

generation of seeds - seed progeny within certain category;

system of seed farming - complex of the interconnected organizational, scientific and agrotechnology actions aimed at providing production, realization and use of seeds and planting stock of plant varieties;

The state register of the plant varieties suitable for distribution in Ukraine (further - the Register of plant varieties of Ukraine) - the official list of the plant varieties suitable for distribution in Ukraine;

The list of plant varieties of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (further - the list of plant varieties of OECD) - the official list of the plant varieties recognized as the countries, suitable for certification, which joined seed schemes of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development;

The state register of subjects of seed farming (further - the Register of subjects of seed farming) - the list of the subjects of seed farming making seeds and/or planting stock for realization according to requirements of this Law;

field testing - assessment of condition and high-quality qualities of seed crops, long-term plantings, seeds and planting stock;

the state supervision (control) - activities of the relevant central executive body within its powers on identification and prevention of violations of requirements of the legislation in the field of seed farming;

high-quality control - complex of actions for determination of high-quality qualities of seeds, planting stock or uterine plantings of perennial plants;

seed control - the state and intraeconomic control of high-quality and sowing qualities of seeds, high-quality and commercial properties of planting stock;

local (soil) high-quality control - assessment of conformity of the plants received from seeds of check sample, to the plants received from seeds of standard sample or the official description of grade;

laboratory high-quality control - establishment of belonging of vegetative and generative organs of plants to the corresponding grade;

the state reserve seed stock - inventory of the basic and certified seeds;

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