of December 26, 2002 No. 374-IV
About counterintelligence activities
This Law determines concepts, the legal basis of the organization and implementation of counterintelligence activities.
Counterintelligence activities - special type of activity in the sphere of ensuring the state security performed with use of system counterprospecting, search, regime, the administrative legal measures directed to the prevention, timely identification and prevention of external and internal safety hazards of Ukraine, prospecting, terrorist and other illegal encroachments of special services of foreign states, and also the organizations, separate groups and persons on interests of Ukraine.
The purpose of counterintelligence activities is the prevention, timely identification and prevention of external and internal safety hazards of Ukraine, suppression of prospecting, terrorist and other illegal encroachments of special services of foreign states, and also the organizations, separate groups and persons on state security of Ukraine, elimination of the conditions promoting them and the reasons of their origin.
Tasks of counterintelligence activities are:
production, analytical processing and use of information containing signs or the facts of intelligence, terrorist and other activities of special services of foreign states, and also the organizations, separate groups and persons to the detriment of state security of Ukraine;
counteraction of intelligence, terrorist and other activities of special services of foreign states, and also the organizations, separate groups and persons to the detriment of state security of Ukraine;
development and implementation of measures for prevention, elimination and neutralization of threats to interests of the state, society and to the rights of citizens.
The legal basis of counterintelligence activities is constituted by the Constitution of Ukraine, the existing international agreements of Ukraine which consent to be bound is this the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, this and other laws of Ukraine, and also regulatory legal acts adopted according to them.
The basic principles of counterintelligence activities are:
respect and observance of rights and freedoms of man and citizen;
extra party membership;
conspiracy, combination of public and secret forms and methods of activities;
complex use of legal, preventive and organizational measures;
adequacy of measures for protection of state security to real and potential hazards;
government relations of Ukraine, local government bodies, associations of citizens, legal entities and physical persons;
submission to control and accountability to relevant organs of the government in the limits provided by the law.
Specially authorized body of the government in the sphere of counterintelligence activities is the Security Service of Ukraine.
Separate counterprospecting measures only for the benefit of ensuring protection of frontier of Ukraine, officials concerning whom the state protection is performed and also safety of the forces and means, information systems and operational accounting can carry out prospecting bodies of Ukraine, division of ensuring internal and own security of the State Border Service of Ukraine and Management of the state protection of Ukraine which by the laws of Ukraine "About operational search activities" and "About prospecting bodies of Ukraine" are granted the right to perform operational search or intelligence activities.
Law-enforcement and other public authorities, local government bodies, the companies, organizations and the organizations of Ukraine, irrespective of pattern of ownership, in the limits determined by the laws of Ukraine and other regulatory legal acts assist bodies and divisions of the Security Service of Ukraine in carrying out counterintelligence activities for the benefit of ensuring state security.
Implementation of counterprospecting measures by other subjects, except determined by this Law, is forbidden.
The bases for carrying out counterintelligence activities are:
1) availability of sufficient information which requires check by means of special forms, methods and means, about:
implementation of intelligence activities against Ukraine special services of foreign states, and also the organizations, separate groups and persons;
infringement of the state sovereignty, constitutional system and territorial integrity of Ukraine;
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