of July 8, 1999 No. 862-XIV
About symbolics of the Red Cross, Red Crescent, Red Crystal in Ukraine
This Law determines procedure and conditions of use and protection of symbolics of the Red Cross, Red Crescent, the Red Crystal in the territory of Ukraine according to requirements of the Geneva Conventions on protection of the victims of war of August 12, 1949 and Additional protocols to them of June 8, 1977 and on December 8, 2005 and also Governed on use of the emblems of red cross or red crescent by national Societies accepted by the XX Vienna International conference of the Red Cross of 1965 and reviewed by Council of delegates in Budapest in 1991, and the Resolution 1, adopted at the XXIX International conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent in 2006.
In this Law terms are used in the following value:
symbolics of the Red Cross, Red Crescent, Red Crystal (including the International movement of the Red Cross and Red Crescent) are emblems of the Red Cross, Red Crescent, the Red Crystal (images according to red cross on white background; red crescent on white background; red framework in the form of square on white background which costs at one of the tops), names (word "Red Cross", "Red crescent", "Red Crystal") and identification signals (special internationally acknowledged auxiliary signals (light, radio-electronic) which are used as protective and identification marks for designation of persons, personal and motionless estate according to the Geneva Conventions on protection of the victims of war of August 12, 1949 (further - the Geneva Conventions), Additional protocols to them and this Law;
wounded and patients - persons (the military personnel and civil), because of injuries, diseases or other physical or mental disturbances or disability needing medical care or leaving and which abstaining at that time from any hostile actions; it concerns also the women in labor, babies and other persons needing for this time medical care or leaving, for example, pregnant or ailing, abstaining at that time from any hostile actions;
persons which were injured from accident of the vessel - the persons (the military personnel and civil) who got into situation, dangerous to their life, at the sea or in other waters as a result of accident of the vessel or the plane in which they were, and abstaining at that time from hostile actions;
civilians (population) - any person which is not belonging to one of categories of persons specified in Article 4 (And. 1, A.2, A.3, A.6) of the Third Geneva Convention and in article 43 of Additional protocol 1 to the Geneva Conventions. In case of doubts concerning accessory of any person to civil this person is considered civil. The civilian population consists of all persons who are civilians;
medical forming - recognized as the laws of the countries which are in the conflict, or provided to conflicting parties by the neutral state or International Humanitarian Organization of forming of stationary type which are placed and use buildings, fixed constructions (hospital and other healthcare institutions, the centers of blood transfusion and prevention of diseases, warehouses of medical property, medico-pharmaceutical warehouses), and mobile forming (quarantine stations, tents, installations under the open sky, the vehicles used in the medical purposes); the forming designed to search for wounded, patients or persons who were injured from accident of the vessel or the plane, for their evacuation, transportation, diagnostics of disorders of health or treatment, and also designed to perform the activities connected with prevention of diseases;
spiritual personnel (other states) - persons both military, and civil, for example, priests, chaplains etc. who are busy only with accomplishment of the spiritual functions and belong to: to armed forces of the party (other state) which is in the conflict; to medical forming or sanitary vehicles of the party (other state) which is in the conflict; to the medical forming or sanitary vehicles of the party (other state) specified in Item 2 of article 9 of Additional protocol 1; to the organizations of civil defense of the party (other state) which is in the conflict;
sanitary transportation - transportation (land, air or water means) of wounded, patients, persons which were injured from accident of the vessel, medical, spiritual personnel, and also the medical equipment which is under protection of the Geneva Conventions and Additional protocols to them;
sanitary vehicles - sanitary land, water and air means (military and civil), constantly or the parties which are temporarily intended only for sanitary transportations and being under control, being in the conflict;
land sanitary vehicles - the hospital land transport used only for sanitary transportations by land;
sanitary transportations on water - the transportations performed by the hospital ships or other medical boats and watercrafts used for the specified purpose. All vessels for such transportations are under protection of the Geneva Conventions and Additional protocols to them provided that conflicting parties are informed on their names and other identification signs;
water sanitary vehicles - to it belong:
1) the public hospital ships belonging to conflicting parties;
2) the hospital ships used only for humanitarian tasks by national Societies of the Red Cross or others officially acknowledged societies of the help or individuals including citizens of the neutral states;
3) the hospital ships provided to the party which is in the conflict, the neutral state or International Humanitarian Organization;
air sanitary vehicles - the aircraft intended for transportation of wounded, the patients who were injured from accidents, catastrophic crashes and natural disaster, the medical equipment, means and personnel;
medical personnel - the doctors, nurses, hospital attendants, other persons involved on permanent or temporary basis only in medical forming or in sanitary transportations.
During war or armed conflict of the image of emblems of the Red Cross, Red Crescent, the Red Crystal as protective mark is visible designation of the protection provided by the Geneva Conventions and Additional protocols to them for medical personnel, medical forming and sanitary vehicles. Emblems shall have as it is possible the big sizes to provide possibility of their recognition at long distances.
Emblems of the Red Cross, Red Crescent, Red Crystal are used as identification mark for designation of accessory of the person or object to the International movement of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. In this case emblems shall be smaller by the sizes in comparison with emblems which are used as protective mark, and cannot be applied on bandages or on roofs of buildings.
With protective and identification functions of emblem of the Red Cross, Red Crescent, Red Crystal can independently be used or in combination of these emblems.
The procedure for the image and use of emblems is determined by this Law, the Geneva conventions, Additional protocols to them, and also Rules by use of emblems of red cross or red crescent by the national Societies accepted by the XX Vienna International conference of the Red Cross of 1965 and reviewed by Council of delegates in Budapest in 1991 (further - Rules).
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