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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of September 17, 1998 No. 157-FZ

About immunoprevention of infectious diseases

(as amended on 26-05-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma on July 17, 1998

Approved by the Federation Council on September 4, 1998

This Federal Law establishes the legal basis of state policy in the field of the immunoprevention of infectious diseases performed for the purpose of health protection and ensuring sanitary and epidemiologic wellbeing of the population of the Russian Federation.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

For the purpose of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

immunoprevention of infectious diseases (further immunoprevention) - system of the actions performed for the purpose of the prevention, restriction of distribution and liquidation of infectious diseases by carrying out preventive inoculations;

preventive inoculations - introduction in human body of immunobiological medicines for immunoprevention for the purpose of creation of specific immunity to infectious diseases;

immunobiological medicines for immunoprevention - vaccines, anatoksina, immunoglobulins and other medicines intended for creation of specific immunity to infectious diseases;

national calendar of preventive inoculations - the regulatory legal act establishing terms and procedure for carrying out to citizens of preventive inoculations;

the vaccine-challenged complications caused by the preventive inoculations included in national calendar of preventive inoculations, and calendar of preventive inoculations according to epidemic indications (further - vaccine-challenged complications), - heavy and (or) permanent violations of the state of health owing to preventive inoculations;

the certificate of preventive inoculations - the document in which preventive inoculations of the citizen are registered.

calendar of preventive inoculations according to epidemic indications - the regulatory legal act establishing terms and procedure for carrying out to citizens of preventive inoculations according to epidemic indications.

Article 2. The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of immunoprevention

1. The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of immunoprevention consists of this Federal Law, other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation accepted according to them.

2. If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules, than provided by this Federal Law rules of the international treaty are applied.

3. The decisions of interstate bodies made based on provisions of international treaties of the Russian Federation in their interpretation contradicting the Constitution of the Russian Federation are not subject to execution in the Russian Federation. Such contradiction can be established according to the procedure, determined by the Federal constitutional Law.

Article 3. Coverage of this Federal Law

1. Operation of this Federal Law extends to citizens and legal entities.

2. Foreign citizens and stateless persons, constantly or temporarily living in the territory of the Russian Federation, have the rights and perform duties which are established by this Federal Law.

Chapter II. State policy in the field of immunoprevention. The rights and obligations of citizens when implementing immunoprevention

Article 4. State policy in the field of immunoprevention

1. State policy in the field of immunoprevention is directed to the prevention, restriction of distribution and liquidation of infectious diseases.

2. In the field of immunoprevention the state guarantees:

availability to citizens of preventive inoculations;

free carrying out the preventive inoculations included in national calendar of preventive inoculations, and calendar of preventive inoculations according to epidemic indications in the organizations of the state and municipal health care systems;

social support of citizens in case of vaccine-challenged complications;

development and implementation of federal target programs and regional programs;

use for implementation of immunoprevention of effective immunobiological medicines;

the state quality control, efficiency and safety of immunobiological medicines for immunoprevention;

support of scientific research in the field of development of new immunobiological medicines for immunoprevention;

providing the modern production rate of immunobiological medicines for immunoprevention;

the state support of domestic manufacturers of immunobiological medicines for immunoprevention;

inclusion in federal state educational standards of training of health workers of questions of immunoprevention;

enhancement of system of statistical observation;

providing single state information policy;

development of international cooperation.

3. Realization of state policy in the field of immunoprevention is provided by the Government of the Russian Federation and executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation.

Article 5. The rights and obligations of citizens when implementing immunoprevention

1. Citizens when implementing immunoprevention have the right on:

obtaining from health workers of the complete and objective information about need of preventive inoculations, consequences of refusal of them, possible vaccine-challenged complications;

the choice of the medical organization or the individual entrepreneur performing medical activities;

the free preventive inoculations included in national calendar of preventive inoculations and calendar of preventive inoculations according to epidemic indications in the medical organizations of the state health care system and municipal health care system;

medical examination and if necessary physical examination before preventive inoculations, receipt of medical care in the medical organizations in case of vaccine-challenged complications within the program of the state guarantees of free rendering medical care to citizens;

social support in case of vaccine-challenged complications;

refusal of preventive inoculations.

2. Lack of preventive inoculations attracts:

prohibition for citizens on departure to the countries, stay in which according to the international medical and sanitary rules or international treaties of the Russian Federation requires specific preventive inoculations;

temporary refusal in reception of citizens in the educational organizations and improving organizations in case of mass infectious diseases or in case of threat of emergence of epidemics;

refusal in reception of citizens for works or discharge of citizens from works which accomplishment is connected with high risk of disease of infectious diseases.

The list of works which accomplishment is connected with high risk of disease of infectious diseases and requires obligatory carrying out preventive inoculations, is established by the federal executive body authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation.

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