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LAW OF UKRAINE

of April 9, 1999 No. 591-XIV

About flora

(The last edition from 06-09-2018)

Section I. General provisions

Article 1. Legislation of Ukraine on flora

The relations in the field of protection, use and reproduction of flora are regulated by the Constitution of Ukraine, the laws of Ukraine "About protection of the surrounding environment", "About natural and reserved fund of Ukraine", the Forest code of Ukraine, this Law and other regulatory legal acts.

The relations in the field of protection, use and reproduction of plants and long-term plantings of agricultural purpose are regulated by the relevant legislation of Ukraine.

Article 2. Tasks of the legislation of Ukraine on flora

Task of the legislation of Ukraine on flora is regulation of the public relations in the field of protection, use and reproduction wild-growing and others nonagricultural purpose of vascular plants, Bryophyta, seaweed, lichens, and also mushrooms, their groups and the place of growths.

Article 3. Determination of the main terms

In this Law the stated below terms are used in the following value:

flora - set of all types of plants, and also mushrooms and the groups formed by them in certain territory;

wild-growing plants - the plants which are naturally growing in certain territory;

natural vegetable groups - set of types of the plants growing within certain sites and being in close interaction as among themselves, and with environment conditions;

acclimatization - adaptation (adaptation) of type to new living conditions in connection with its artificial resettlement;

introduction - artificial introduction of type in structure of flora outside its natural area;

flora objects - wild-growing and others nonagricultural appointment vascular plants, Bryophyta, seaweed, lichens, and also mushrooms at all stages of development and the natural groups formed by them;

natural vegetable resources - flora objects which are used or can be used by the population, for needs of production and other requirements.

Article 4. Natural vegetable resources of nation-wide and local value

Natural vegetable resources on the ecological, economic, scientific, improving, recreational value and other signs are subdivided into natural vegetable resources of nation-wide and local value. Treat natural vegetable resources of nation-wide value:

a) flora objects in limits:

internal sea waters and territorial sea, continental shelf and exclusive (sea) economic zone of Ukraine;

the surface water (lakes, water storage basins, the rivers, canals) located and used in the territory more than one area and also their inflows of all procedures;

natural and biospheric reserves, national natural parks, and also wildlife areas, nature sanctuaries, botanical gardens, dendrology parks, zoological parks, memorial parks of landscape gardening art of nation-wide value;

b) forest resources of the state value;

c) the rare and being under the threat of disappearance vascular plants, Bryophyta, seaweed, lichens, and also mushrooms which types are included in the Red List of Ukraine;

d) the rare and being under the threat of disappearance and standard natural vegetable groups included in the Green book of Ukraine.

Other objects of flora also can be carried to natural vegetable resources of nation-wide value by the legislation of Ukraine. Also others treat natural vegetable resources of local value wild-growing nonagricultural appointment vascular plants, Bryophyta, seaweed, lichens, and also the mushrooms which are not carried to natural vegetable resources of nation-wide value.

Article 5. Main requirements to protection, use and reproduction of flora

When implementing the activities influencing condition of protection, use and reproduction of flora it is necessary to observe the following main requirements:

preserving natural space, specific, population and tsenotichesky variety of objects of flora;

preserving conditions place of growth of wild-growing plants and natural vegetable groups;

the evidence-based, not exhausting use of natural vegetable resources;

implementation of actions for the prevention of negative impact of economic activity on flora;

protection of objects of flora from the fires, protection against wreckers and diseases;

implementation of actions for reproduction of objects of flora;

regulation of distribution and number of wild-growing plants and use of their inventories taking into account interests of public health care.

The specified requirements are considered in case of project development of legal acts, nation-wide, interstate, regional programs and implementation of actions for protection, use and reproduction of flora.

Article 6. The bodies exercising public administration in the field of protection, use and reproduction of flora

Public administration in the field of protection, use and reproduction of flora is performed by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, local executive bodies and local government bodies, the central executive body realizing state policy on implementation of the state supervision (control) in the field of protection of the surrounding environment, rational use, reconstruction and protection of natural resources and other central executive bodies according to their competence.

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