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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of November 15, 1997 No. 143-FZ

About acts of civil status

(as amended on 26-05-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on October 22, 1997

Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on November 5, 1997

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Subject of regulation of this Federal Law

This Federal Law determines:

bodies which make state registration of acts of civil status;

procedure for state registration of acts of civil status;

procedure for forming of books of state registration of acts of civil status (assembly books);

procedure for correction, change, recovery and cancellation of civil registrations;

procedure and storage durations of books of state registration of acts of civil status (assembly books);

procedure for issue of repeated certificates on state registration of the acts of civil status and other documents confirming availability or lack of the fact of state registration of the act of civil status;

procedure for maintaining the Unified state register of civil registrations.

Article 2. Legislation on acts of civil status

1. The legislation on acts of civil status consists of this Federal Law which is based on provisions of the Civil code of the Russian Federation, the Family code of the Russian Federation, and the regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation adopted according to it.

2. In the cases provided by this Federal Law in case of civil registration the regulations established by the laws of subjects of the Russian Federation adopted according to the Family code of the Russian Federation are considered.

Article 3. Acts of civil status

1. Acts of civil status - actions of citizens or events influencing origin, change or the termination of the rights and obligations, and also characterizing legal condition of citizens.

2. According to the procedure, established by this Federal Law, acts of civil status are subject to state registration: birth, marriage, annulment of marriage, adoption (adoption), paternity proof, change of name and death.

3. The acts of civil status made on religious practices before education or recovery of bodies of civil registration are equated to the acts of civil status made in bodies of civil registration according to the legislation existing at the time of their making and do not require the subsequent state registration.

Article 4. Bodies which make state registration of acts of civil status

1. State registration of acts of civil status is made by the bodies of civil registration formed by public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation (further - bodies of civil registration).

Questions of education and activities of bodies of civil registration in the territories of subjects of the Russian Federation are solved subjects of the Russian Federation independently based on this Federal Law.

Paragraph third ceased to be valid

Powers on state registration of acts of civil status are powers of the Russian Federation which are delegated for implementation to public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation (with possibility of delegation to local government bodies of municipal districts, municipal districts, city districts, residential, rural locations) which financing is performed at the expense of subventions from the federal budget.

2. Local government bodies of municipal districts, municipal districts, city districts, residential, rural locations in which territories there are no bodies of civil registration formed according to this Federal Law the law of the subject of the Russian Federation can be allocated with powers on state registration of acts of civil status, including local government bodies of rural settlements - on state registration of the birth, marriage, annulment of marriage, paternity proof, death. Local government bodies are allocated with the specified powers with transfer of material and financial resources, necessary for their implementation.

Are determined by the law of the subject of the Russian Federation also the storage location of civil registrations on papers, the place of recovery of the lost civil registrations constituted by local government bodies of residential and rural locations on papers.

Control of execution by local government bodies of the powers delegated to them on state registration of acts of civil status is exercised by public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation.

2.1. Powers on state registration of acts of civil status are performed according to the administrative regulations accepted based on the legislation on acts of civil status by the authorized federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the sphere of state registration of acts of civil status.

Before adoption of administrative regulations the authorized federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the sphere of state registration of acts of civil status, powers on state registration of acts of civil status can be performed on the basis of the administrative regulations accepted by executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation. The specified administrative regulations cannot contradict the legislation on acts of civil status, including may contain the additional requirements and restrictions provided by such legislation regarding realization of the rights and freedoms of citizens, the rights and legitimate interests of the organizations, and also execution of the state functions are developed taking into account requirements to administrative regulations of provision by federal executive bodies of the state services.

2.2. Powers to state registration of the birth (except for the birth which state registration is made along with state registration of paternity proof) and death can be assigned by the law of the subject of the Russian Federation also to the multipurpose centers of provision of the state and municipal services.

In case of adoption by the subject of the Russian Federation of the law specified in paragraph one of this Item, the multipurpose center of provision of the state and municipal services performs including the following powers provided by this Federal Law:

creation of civil registrations;

issue of certificates of birth and death certificates;

transfer of passports of the dead in territorial authority of federal executive body in the sphere of internal affairs;

transfer on storage to bodies of civil registration of the civil registrations constituted on paper, and also the documents which formed the bases for state registration of the birth and death.

The procedure for transfer of the civil registrations constituted on paper, and also the documents which formed the bases for state registration of the birth and death in bodies of civil registration is established by the authorized federal executive body performing functions on control and supervision in the sphere of state registration of acts of civil status.

The introduction of corrections and changes in record of acts of the birth and death constituted by the multipurpose centers of provision of the state and municipal services and also their recovery are made by bodies of civil registration.

The rights, obligations and responsibility assigned by this Federal Law to bodies of civil registration and their officials extend to the multipurpose centers of provision of the state and municipal services to which powers according to paragraph one of this Item are assigned and their workers when implementing of state registration of acts of civil status by them.

Control of implementation of provision of the state and municipal services of powers by the multipurpose centers on state registration of acts of civil status is performed by the authorized federal executive body performing functions on control and supervision in the sphere of state registration of acts of civil status.

In case of inadequate implementation by the multipurpose center of provision of the state and municipal services of the powers provided by paragraph one of this Item, such powers can be withdrawn according to the procedure, provided by the paragraph the twelfth this Item, based on representation of the authorized federal executive body performing functions on control and supervision in the sphere of state registration of acts of civil status.

The procedure for withdrawal of the state and municipal services of the powers provided by paragraph one of this Item assigned to the multipurpose centers of provision is established by the law of appropriate subject of the Russian Federation.

2.3. If according to regulatory legal act of the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation - the federal cities of power (function) of bodies of civil registration on provision of the state services in state registration of separate acts of civil status, including not stipulated in Item 2.2 these Articles, are assigned to the multipurpose centers of provision of the state and municipal services and the specified multipurpose centers of provision of the state and municipal services are included in the list of the bodies providing the state service in state registration of acts of civil status, approved by the supreme executive body of the government of appropriate subject of the Russian Federation the provisions of this Federal Law regulating procedure bodies of civil registration of state registration of acts of civil status are applied to activities of the specified multipurpose centers of provision of the state and municipal services.

3. State registration of acts of civil status of the citizens of the Russian Federation living outside the territory of the Russian Federation is made by consular establishments of the Russian Federation outside the territory of the Russian Federation according to this Federal Law.

The rights, obligations and responsibility assigned by this Federal Law to bodies of civil registration and their officials extend to consular establishments of the Russian Federation outside the territory of the Russian Federation and their officials when implementing of state registration of acts of civil status by them.

Control and supervision in the sphere of the state registration of acts of civil status made by consular establishments of the Russian Federation outside the territory of the Russian Federation are performed by the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the sphere of the international relations of the Russian Federation.

4. The federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation, and also control and supervision in the sphere of state registration of acts of civil status:

has the right to publish regulatory legal acts concerning implementation of the powers transferred according to Item 1 of this Article, including administrative regulations of provision of the state services in the sphere of the powers transferred according to Item 1 of this Article;

coordinates activities for state registration of acts of civil status and performs its methodical providing;

approves position assignment of the head of executive body of the subject of the Russian Federation performing the organization of activities for state registration of acts of civil status in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation;

establishes requirements to content and forms of the reporting on implementation of the powers transferred according to Item 1 of this Article, and also to procedure for submission of such reporting;

exercises control of efficiency and quality of implementation by public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation of the powers transferred according to Item 1 of this article with the right of the direction of instructions, obligatory for execution, about elimination of the revealed violations, and also ideas of discharge from position and (or) about attraction to disciplinary responsibility, including about release from post, officials of executive bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation responsible for non-execution or improper execution of delegated powers which are subject to obligatory consideration. The procedure of control of efficiency and quality of implementation by public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation of the powers transferred according to Item 1 of this Article affirms the federal executive body specified in paragraph one of this Item according to the rules established by the Government of the Russian Federation;

makes to the President of the Russian Federation offers on withdrawal of the powers transferred according to Item 1 of this Article at public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation in case of their non-execution or improper execution, and also in other cases established by the Federal Laws;

exercises supervision of compliance with law of the Russian Federation in case of state registration of acts of civil status (except for the questions which are subject to the control specified in paragraph six of this Item), including performs activities of the bodies performing state registration of acts of civil status, will request from documents and introduces instructions about elimination of violations of the law of the Russian Federation.

4.1. The head of the federal executive body specified in paragraph one of item 4 of this Article has the rights established by paragraphs the eleventh and twelfth Item 7 of article 26.3 of the Federal Law of October 6, 1999 No. 184-FZ "About the general principles of the organization of legislative (representative) and executive bodies of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation".

4.2. Management official of the subject of the Russian Federation (head of the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation):

appoints to position in coordination with the federal executive body specified in paragraph one of item 4 of this Article, the head of executive body of the subject of the Russian Federation performing the organization of activities for state registration of acts of civil status in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation;

approves structure of bodies of civil registration;

will independently organize activities for implementation of the powers transferred according to Item 1 of this Article according to the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also regulatory legal acts, stipulated in Item 4 these Articles;

provides timely representation in the federal executive body specified in paragraph one of item 4 of this Article, copies of the regulatory legal acts adopted by public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation concerning the powers transferred according to Item 1 of this Article, the reporting on implementation of the specified powers, and also the quarterly report on expenditure of subventions in the federal executive bodies specified in Item 6 of this Article.

5. Funds for realization of the delegated powers for state registration of acts of civil status are provided in the federal budget in the form of subventions.

Subventions are enlisted in the procedure established for execution of the federal budget into accounts of budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation.

The procedure for expenditure and accounting of funds for provision of subventions is established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

In case of investment with the law of the subject of the Russian Federation with powers on state registration of acts of civil status of local government bodies their financial provision is performed at the expense of the subventions provided for appropriate subject of the Russian Federation.

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