of October 17, 1990 No. 400-XII
About priority of social development of the village and agro-industrial complex in the national economy
Priority of social development of the village and agro-industrial complex objectively follows from the exclusive importance and indispensability of the made products of agricultural industry in life activity of the person and society, from requirement of revival of the peasantry as owner of land, the carrier of morality and national culture. High level of social and economic development of the village is the main condition of food and raw supply of the republic, its economic independence.
The law determines conditions, content and limits of priority of development of the social sphere of the village and agro-industrial complex in structure of the national economy, helps social security of rural population.
Priority of social development of the village and agro-industrial complex is provided with the state by implementation of the following organizational and economic and legal measures:
providing to agro-industrial producers the right of the free choice of patterns of ownership and the directions of labor and economic activity, complete property on results of the work;
creations of necessary resource base for comprehensive satisfaction of production needs and development of social infrastructure;
changes of the state investment policy, in particular the directions of investments on first-priority creation of material and technical resources on production of means of mechanization, chemicalixation, processing industry, the construction industry for agro-industrial complex for the purpose of improvement of its economic and social situation, scientific providing and social conditions of life activity of labor collectives;
complete resource ensuring capital investments for social and economic development of the village and agro-industrial complex;
equivalent barter between the industry and agricultural industry on the basis of parity pricing on their products;
regulations of the relations of agro-industrial producers and the state by means of system of budget financing, crediting, the taxation, insurance and with broad application of complex of privileges;
forming of proper social infrastructure of the village;
the directions of population policy on change of migratory processes for benefit of the village, creations of social and economic conditions for natural increase of rural population, all-round development of family;
preparation and advanced training of specialists and personnel of mass professions for all farms and the directions of productive activity;
creations of equal opportunities for all citizens living changeably working in the rural zone, in satisfaction of social, cultural and educational and domestic needs;
creations of system of the agrarian legislation.
Priority of development of the social sphere of the village and agro-industrial complex is provided with change of structure of investments in the national economy, reorientation of industrial production to their needs, growth of amounts of capital investments and material resources.
New programs of social and economic development of Ukraine cannot be adopted without priority of development of the village.
Forming of programs of installation and construction works and providing them at all levels of management are performed by material resources and the equipment according to the procedure in case of which requirements of agro-industrial complex and other industries performing capital investments in development of the social and production sphere of the village are satisfied first of all and in full.
Industrial enterprises, construction and other organizations compensate in full losses for failure to carry out of deliveries of material resources or installation and construction works.
Patterns of ownership and production organizations in agro-industrial complex are determined by labor collectives and each his member according to the procedure, established by the current legislation.
Intervention in economic or in other activities of these owners from the state, cooperative and other bodies is not allowed. This provision does not concern the stipulated by the legislation rights of state bodies on control of activities of the companies, organizations and the organizations.
All forms of managing in agro-industrial complex farms, collective agricultural enterprises, sovkhozes the subsidiary agricultural industries of the companies, organizations and organizations overworking and other companies, joint-stock companies, rent collectives, personal subsidiary farms of citizens, etc.) have the equal rights to production organization and ownership of the products.
Created on a voluntary basis by the agricultural, overworking, servicing and construction companies and the organizations, peasant and other economy agro-industrial forming of all levels address the state as the single organization in all types of the relations.
Agricultural producers (peasant farms, collective agricultural enterprises, sovkhozes, etc.) are granted the right to acquisition of share of property (shares) of food industry enterprises, service, construction and trade enterprises, other productions of agro-industrial complex when implementing privatization on the conditions equal with their collectives.
Grant the right to acquisition of share of property (shares) of industrial facilities of agro-industrial complex to those companies and the organizations which took part in their financing, construction and material logistics.
The amount of the state centralized capital investments directed to strengthening of material and technical resources of the social sphere of the village and agro-industrial complex shall constitute at least one percent from the cost of gross domestic product of Ukraine. These capital investments are allocated in the Government budget of Ukraine separately.
On construction of facilities of non-productive assignment in the rural zone at least 50 percent of the state centralized capital investments provided by this Article are used.
According to the change in price for construction materials, the equipment and services indexation of the allocated centralized capital investments is performed.
Centralized capital investments go first of all for implementation of state programs.
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