of January 27, 1995 No. 32/95-BP
About libraries and library science
This Law determines the status of libraries, legal and organizational basis of activities of libraries and library science in Ukraine. This Law guarantees the right to open entry to information, knowledge, familiarizing with the values of national and world culture, science and education which are stored in libraries.
In this Law the following terms are used in such value:
library - information, cultural, educational institution (organization, the organization) or the structural division having the arranged fund of documents, access to other sources of information and which main task is ensuring information, research, educational, cultural and other needs of users of library;
library depositary - the library providing permanent storage of the library stock created from documents which are seldom used and have scientific and/or art value;
library service - result of activities of library on satisfaction of information, research, educational, cultural and other needs of users of library;
library system of Ukraine - extensive network of libraries of the different types connected by interaction and mutually use of library resources;
library science - the area of information, cultural and educational activities of society directed to creation and development of network of libraries, forming, study, streamlining and storage of library stocks, the organization of library, information and help and bibliographic servicing of users of library, preparation and advanced training of specialists in the field of library science, scientific and methodical ensuring development of library activities;
library stock - the arranged collection of documents which is stored in library;
library resources - the arranged library stocks of documents on different data carriers, databases, network information resources, the help and search device, material means of study, storage and information transfer;
the document - material form of obtaining, storage, use and distribution of information fixed on paper magnetic, film, film, optical disk or other carrier;
deposition - form of collection and distribution of hand-written works, mainly scientific;
the user of library - the physical person or legal entity which addressed services of library;
the interlibrary subscription - the form of library servicing based on mutual use of library stocks and the help and search office of libraries;
centralized library system - merging of libraries in single structural and complete education where the central library enters.
The legislation of Ukraine on libraries and library science is based on the Constitution of Ukraine and consists of this Law, international treaties which consent to be bound is this the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, and other regulatory legal acts.
If the international treaty of Ukraine which consent to be bound is this the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine establishes other rules, than those which contain in the legislation of Ukraine on libraries and library science then are applied rules of the international treaty.
Operation of this Law extends to network of the operating libraries of all patterns of ownership and subordination and the organization of library science.
Basis of state policy in the field of library science is realization of the rights of citizens to library servicing, ensuring general availability to information and cultural values which gather, stored and provided in temporary use by libraries.
supports library science and its development by the guaranteed financing of libraries, preferential tax, credit and price policy;
finances creation of information networks and telecommunication systems for information exchange, entry into world global computer networks, consolidation and ensuring availability of the distributed library resources;
stimulates mutually use of library resources through system of the interlibrary subscription, summary catalogs, depositaries, exchange library stocks, integration of libraries of Ukraine into world information space;
coordinates activities of libraries of all patterns of ownership, regulates activities of the libraries which are available in the state-owned and utility property;
stimulates providing libraries with modern domestic book production, the world literature in transfer into Ukrainian on the different carriers including adapted for blind people, persons with violations of sight and persons with dyslexia;
provides implementation and functioning of efficient system of electronic knigopolzovaniye and the address of e-books through libraries;
develops the domestic direction on forming and streamlining of e-books, catalogs, databases;
creates conditions and coordinates activities for functioning of electronic libraries, including in special digital format for blind people, persons with violations of sight and persons with dyslexia;
provides development of library servicing of socially unprotected segments of the population;
develops development programs of library science and provides their target financing;
creates conditions for international cooperation of libraries.
The library system of Ukraine functions on the basis of the cooperated completing of funds and document handling, the help and search device, mutually use of library resources, and also the organization of research, scientific and bibliographic and scientific and methodical work.
Are divided by value of library on:
All-Ukrainian nation-wide value (national, state);
republican (Autonomous Republic of Crimea);
On content of library stocks of library are:
To destination libraries are subdivided on:
public (public), including specialized for children, youth, persons with physical defects;
special (academies of Sciences, research establishments, educational institutions, companies, organizations, organizations).
Public, special and specialized libraries can unite in centralized library systems.
The national library of Ukraine is the leading cultural, educational, scientific and information state institution performing functions of the research, methodical and coordination center for questions of library science, bibliography, document science, participates in development of state policy in the field of library science and its realization.
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