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FEDERAL CONSTITUTIONAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of April 28, 1995 No. 1-FKZ

About Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation

(as amended on 16-04-2022)

Accepted by the State Duma on April 5, 1995

Approved by the Federation Council on April 12, 1995

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation

Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation are federal courts and enter judicial system of the Russian Federation.

Article 2. The legislation on Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation

1. According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation the legislation on Arbitration Courts is under authority of the Russian Federation.

2. Powers, procedure for education and activities of Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation are established by the Federal constitutional Law on judicial system, this Federal constitutional Law and other Federal constitutional Laws.

The procedure for legal proceedings in Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation is determined by this Federal constitutional Law, the Arbitral Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and other Federal Laws accepted according to them.

Article 3. System of Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation

The system of Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation is constituted:

paragraph two of ceased to be valid according to the Federal constitutional Law of the Russian Federation of 04.06.2014 No. 8-FKZ

Arbitration Courts of districts (arbitral courts of cassation);

Arbitration Appeal Courts;

Arbitration Courts of the first instance in the republics, regions, areas, the federal cities, the autonomous region, autonomous areas (further - Arbitration Courts of subjects of the Russian Federation);

specialized Arbitration Courts.

Article 4. Justice implementation by Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation

Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation perform justice by resolution of economic disputes and consideration of other cases referred to their competence by this Federal constitutional Law, the Arbitral Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and other Federal Laws accepted according to them.

Article 5. The main objectives of Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation

The main objectives of Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation by consideration of the disputes carried to their competence are:

protection of the violated or disputed rights and legitimate interests of the companies, organizations, the organizations (further - the organizations) and citizens in the field of business and other economic activity;

assistance to strengthening of legality and to the prevention of offenses in the field of business and other economic activity.

Article 6. The basic principles of activities of Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation

Activities of Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation are based on the basis of the principles of legality, independence of judges, equality of the organizations and citizens before the law and court, competitiveness and equality of participants, publicity of trial of cases.

Article 7. Obligation of court resolutions

The court resolutions which took legal effect - decisions, determinations, resolutions of Arbitration Courts are obligatory for all state bodies, local government bodies, other bodies, the organizations, officials and citizens and are subject to execution in all territory of the Russian Federation.

Article 8. Judges of Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation

1. Ceased to be valid according to the Federal constitutional Law of the Russian Federation of 04.06.2014 No. 8-FKZ

2. Chairmen, deputy chairmen, judges of Arbitration Courts of districts, Arbitration  Courts of subjects of the Russian Federation and specialized Arbitration Courts are appointed to position according to the procedure, N1-FKZ "About Judicial System of the Russian Federation" established by the Federal constitutional Law of December 31, 1996 and the Law of the Russian Federation of June 26, 1992 by N3132-1 "About the Status of Judges in the Russian Federation".

Chairmen, deputy chairmen and the judge of Arbitration Appeal Courts are appointed to position in case of observance of requirements and according to the procedure which are established by the Federal constitutional Law of December 31, 1996 N1-FKZ "About Judicial System of the Russian Federation" and the Law of the Russian Federation of June 26, 1992 N3132-1 "About the Status of Judges in the Russian Federation" for chairmen, deputy chairmen and judges of Arbitration Courts of districts.

Age limit of continuance in office of the chairman of Arbitration Court of the district - 76 years.

3. Any person cannot be provided to position assignment of the judge without the consent of the relevant qualification board of judges.

The termination of powers of the judge is allowed only according to the decision of the relevant qualification board of judges which can be appealed in Disciplinary board of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation in case of the termination of powers of the judge for making of minor offense by it.

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