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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of January 8, 1998 No. 3-FZ

About drugs and psychotropic substances

(as amended on 26-07-2019)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on December 10, 1997

Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on December 24, 1997

This Federal Law establishes the legal basis of state policy in the sphere of drug trafficking, psychotropic substances and their precursors, and also in the field of counteraction to their illicit trafficking for the purpose of protection of public health, the state and public security.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

For the purpose of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

drugs - the substances of synthetic or natural origin, medicines included in the List of the drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors which are subject to control in the Russian Federation, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation, including the Single convention on drugs of 1961;

psychotropic substances - the substances of synthetic or natural origin, medicines, natural materials included in the List of the drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors which are subject to control in the Russian Federation, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation, including the Convention on psychotropic substances of 1971;

precursors of drugs and psychotropic substances (further precursors) - the substances which are often used in case of production, production, conversion of drugs and psychotropic substances, included in the List of the drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors which are subject to control in the Russian Federation, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation, including the Convention of the United Nations on fight against illicit trafficking in drugs and psychotropic substances of 1988;

analogs of drugs and psychotropic substances the substances of synthetic or natural origin forbidden for turnover in the Russian Federation not included in the List of the drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors which are subject to control in the Russian Federation which chemical structure and properties are similar to chemical structure and to properties of drugs and psychotropic substances which psychoactive action they reproduce;

medicine - the mix of substances in any physical condition containing one or several drugs or psychotropic substances or one or several precursors included in the List of the drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors which are subject to control in the Russian Federation;

drug trafficking, psychotropic substances - development, production, production, conversion, storage, transportation, transfer, leave, realization, distribution, acquisition, use, import to the territory of the Russian Federation, export from the territory of the Russian Federation, the destruction of drugs, psychotropic substances permitted and controlled in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation;

drug trafficking, psychotropic substances and their precursors - the drug trafficking, psychotropic substances and their precursors performed in violation of the law of the Russian Federation;

the production of drugs, psychotropic substances of action directed to serial receipt of drugs or psychotropic substances from chemicals and (or) plants;

production of drugs, psychotropic substances of action as a result of which on the basis of drugs, psychotropic substances or their precursors the ready to use and consumption of form of drugs, psychotropic substances or containing them medicines are received;

conversion of drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors - actions from which result refinement (cleaning of foreign impurity), increase in medicine of concentration of drugs, psychotropic substances or their precursors, and also obtaining on the basis of one drugs, psychotropic substances or their precursors of other drugs, psychotropic substances or their precursors or receipt of the substances which are not drugs, psychotropic substances or their precursors;

distribution of drugs, psychotropic substances of action as a result of which according to the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, particular legal entities receive in the sizes established for them specific drugs or psychotropic substances for implementation of drug trafficking or psychotropic substances;

import (export) of drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors (further - import (export) - movement of drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors from the territory of other state on the territory of the Russian Federation or from customs area of the Russian Federation on the territory of other state;

drug addiction - the disease caused by dependence on drug or psychotropic substance;

sick drug addiction - person to whom by results of the medical examination which is carried out according to this Federal Law the diagnosis "drug addiction" is made;

illegal consumption of drugs or psychotropic substances - consumption of drugs or psychotropic substances without appointment of the doctor;

the state quotas for drugs and psychotropic substances (further - the state quotas) - quotas for the drugs and psychotropic substances established by the Government of the Russian Federation according to international treaties of the Russian Federation based on calculation of need of the Russian Federation for drugs and psychotropic substances within which their turnover is performed;

prevention of illegal consumption of drugs and psychotropic substances, drug addiction - set of the actions of political, economic, legal, social, medical, pedagogical, cultural, sports and other nature directed to the prevention of origin and spread of drug addiction;

counter-narcotics promotion - the promotion of healthy lifestyle, including physical culture and sport directed to forming in the society of negative attitude to drug addiction.

analytical (standard) samples of drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors (further also - analytical samples) medicines which composition is in accordance with the established procedure confirmed with the quality certificate and which are held for use in expert, operational search, scientific and educational activities, and also in case of medical examination;

turnover of precursors - development, production, conversion, storage, transportation, transfer, leave, realization, acquisition, use, import to the territory of the Russian Federation, export from the territory of the Russian Federation, the destruction of precursors permitted and controlled in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation;

production of precursors - the actions directed to obtaining ready to use and (or) consumption of precursors of chemicals and (or) plants;

the plants containing drugs or psychotropic substances or their precursors (further - the narcocontaining plants), plants from which drugs, psychotropic substances or their precursors can be received and which are included in the List of the plants which are containing drugs or psychotropic substances or their precursors and subject to control in the Russian Federation;

cultivation of the narcocontaining plants - the activities connected with creation of special conditions for crops and cultivation of the narcocontaining plants and also their crops and cultivation, enhancement of technology of cultivation, removal of new grades, increase in productivity and resistance to adverse weather conditions;

illegal cultivation of the narcocontaining plants the cultivation of the narcocontaining plants performed with violation of the law of the Russian Federation;

treatment of patients with drug addiction - complex of the medical interventions which are carried out to destination the health worker which purpose is elimination or simplification of displays of drug addiction or the related conditions, recovery or improvement of health, working capacity and quality of life;

rehabilitation of patients with drug addiction - complex of the actions of medical, psychological and social nature directed to complete or partial recovery of the drugs broken owing to consumption or psychotropic substances without appointment of the doctor of functions of the struck body or system of organism and (or) compensation of the lost functions, and also the greatest possible recovery and (or) forming of social skills and skills of psychological stability;

preventive actions - the actions directed to the prevention of consumption of drugs or psychotropic substances without appointment of the doctor and strengthening of mental health of persons consuming drugs or psychotropic substances without appointment of the doctor;

motivation of patients with drug addiction to treatment for drug addiction and rehabilitation - complex of the legal and organizational actions directed to creation of additional incentives for patients with drug addiction to make the decision on treatment for drug addiction and medical and (or) social resettlement;

new potentially dangerous psychoactive agents - the substances of synthetic or natural origin included in the Register of new potentially dangerous psychoactive agents which turnover in the Russian Federation is forbidden;

turnover of new potentially dangerous psychoactive agents - production, production, conversion, storage, transportation, transfer, acquisition, use, import to the territory of the Russian Federation, export from the territory of the Russian Federation, and also sale of new potentially dangerous psychoactive agents (their sale, donation, exchange or alienation of these substances to other persons of any methods);

realization of drugs, psychotropic substances - actions for sale, transfer of drugs, psychotropic substances by one legal entity to other legal entity for further productions, production, realization, leave, distribution, use in the medical, veterinary, scientific, educational purposes, in expert activities;

leave of drugs, psychotropic substances - actions for transfer of drugs, psychotropic substances by the legal entity within the organizational structure, and also to physical persons for use in the medical purposes.

Article 2. The list of the drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors which are subject to control in the Russian Federation

1. The drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors which are subject to control in the Russian Federation are included in the List of the drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors which are subject to control in the Russian Federation (further - the List), and depending on the control measures applied by the state are entered in the following lists:

the list of drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors turnover of which in the Russian Federation is forbidden in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation (further - the List I), except as specified, provided by Items 1 and 5 of article 14 of this Federal Law;

the list of drugs and psychotropic substances which turnover in the Russian Federation is limited and concerning which control measures in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation are established (further - the List II);

the list of psychotropic substances which turnover in the Russian Federation is limited and concerning which the exception of some control measures in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation is allowed (further the List III);

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