of June 30, 1993 No. 3352-XII
About pre-trial detention
Pre-trial detention is measure of restraint which in the cases provided by the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine is applied concerning the suspect, accused (defendant) and the convict concerning whom sentence did not take legal effect.
The procedure for pre-trial detention is determined by this Law and the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine.
Content of persons taken into custody according to tasks of criminal trial is performed on the principles of strict observance of the Constitution of Ukraine, requirements of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, other international precepts of law and standards of the treatment of prisoners and cannot be combined with the intentional actions inflicting physical or moral suffering or degrading human dignity.
The purpose of pre-trial detention is the prevention of possible evasion of person taken into custody from bodies of pre-judicial investigation and court, to obstacle to criminal proceedings or occupations criminal activities, and also ensuring execution of sentence and issue of person (extradition) or its transit transportation.
The basis for pre-trial detention is the motivated judgment about election as measures of restraint of detention or about application of temporary or extradition arrest, taken out according to Criminal and Criminal procedural codes of Ukraine and/or the decision of competent authority of foreign state in the cases provided by the law.
Organizations for content of persons concerning whom as measure of restraint it is chosen detention or to which are applied temporary or extradition arrest are pre-trial detention centers of the Public criminal and executive service of Ukraine, guardroom of Military service of law and order in the Armed Forces of Ukraine. In some cases, the investigative actions determined by need for production, these persons can contain in temporary detention centers.
The procedure and term of content of persons taken into custody in temporary detention center, on guardroom of Military service of law and order in the Armed Forces of Ukraine are determined by the legislation of Ukraine.
If persons serving sentence in places of detention or disciplinary battalions are brought to trial for making of other crime and concerning them as measure of restraint is chosen detention, then they under the resolution of person making investigation can contain in the disciplinary insulator or punishment cell of organization of execution of punishments or Military service of law and order in the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
In the cases and procedure provided by the criminal and executive legislation, convicts can be left for work on economic servicing of the pre-trial detention center from their written consent.
Providing procedure for detention of persons in places of pre-trial detention is assigned to the administration of places of pre-trial detention operating according to this Law and other acts of the legislation.
Persons containing in places of pre-trial detention have the obligations and the rights established by the legislation for citizens of Ukraine with the restrictions provided by this Law and other regulatory legal acts.
The legal status of the foreign citizens and stateless persons containing in places of pre-trial detention is determined by the legislation of Ukraine which provides the rights and obligations of these persons in their time spent in the territory of Ukraine, with the restrictions established by this Law and other regulatory legal acts.
Provision of any privileges or benefits to persons containing in places of pre-trial detention depending on their racial, national identity, the relation to religion, property status, political views and the past merits is not allowed.
The mode in places of pre-trial detention, that is procedure and conditions of keeping of persons taken into custody and supervision of them for the purpose of ensuring pre-trial detention, is established by this Law and other regulations.
The main requirements of the mode in places of pre-trial detention is isolation of persons taken into custody, constant surveillance over them and their separate content according to the procedure, the stipulated in Article 8 these Laws.
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