of June 25, 1993 No. 3322-XII
About scientific and technical information
This Law determines bases of state policy in the field of scientific and technical information, procedure for its forming and realization for the benefit of scientific and technical, economic and social progress of the country. The purpose of the Law is creation in Ukraine of the legal base for obtaining and use of scientific and technical information.
The law governs the legal and economic relations of citizens, legal entities, the states arising during creation, obtaining, use and distribution of scientific and technical information and also legal forms of international cooperation in this area are determined.
Operation of the Law extends to the companies, organizations, the organizations irrespective of patterns of ownership, and also the citizens having the right, use and distribution of scientific and technical information. Operation of the Law does not extend to information which contains the state and protected by the law other secret.
In this Law the stated below terms are used in the following value:
scientific and technical information - any data and/or data on domestic and foreign achievements of science, the equipment and production received during research, developmental, project and technological, productive and public work which can be kept on material carriers or are displayed in electronic form;
scientific information activities are set of the actions directed to requirements satisfaction of citizens, legal entities and the state in scientific and technical information which consists in its collection, analitiko-synthetic processing, fixing, storage, search and distribution;
information resources of scientific and technical information are the systematized meeting of scientific and technical literature and documentation (books, brochures, periodicals, patent documentation, the specifications and technical documentation, industrial catalogs, design documentation, reporting scientific and technical documentation on research and development works, the deposited manuscripts, transfers of scientific and technical literature and documentation) fixed on paper or other carriers;
the reference fund is set of the arranged source documents and the help and search device intended for satisfaction of information requirements;
the help and search device is set of the arranged secondary documents created for search of primary sources;
information resources of joint use are set of information resources of state bodies of scientific and technical information, scientific, scientific and technical libraries, and also commercial centers, firms, the organizations which are engaged in scientific and technical activities and with which owners agreements on their joint use are signed;
analitiko-synthetic processing scientific and technical информацииэто processing of information by the analysis and synthesis of contents of documents for the purpose of receipt of necessary data, and also by their classification, assessment, comparison and generalization;
the information market is system of economic, organizational and legal relations concerning sale and purchase of information resources, technology, products and services.
Object of the relations in the field of scientific and technical information is domestic and foreign scientific and technical information.
Scientific and technical information covers the results received in the course of research, developmental, proyektnotekhnologichesky, productive and public work fixed in shape. providing their reproduction, use and distribution.
Scientific and technical information is public property, necessary condition of productive intellectual activities, in particular scientific and technical creativity.
The scientific and technical information which is product of intellectual creative activity represents object of intellectual property right, and the relations on its acquisition, storage, conversion, use and distribution are regulated by the current legislation.
1. Subjects of the relations regulated by this Law are state bodies, bodies of local and regional self-government, legal entities and citizens of Ukraine, the international organizations, foreign legal entities and citizens, stateless persons.
2. Physical persons and legal entities in the field of operation of this Law act as creators and stores of scientific and technical information, owners, producers, keepers and consumers of information products and services and also as intermediaries in the field of scientific information activities.
According to the Constitution the legislation of Ukraine in the field of scientific and technical information consists of the Law of Ukraine "About information", this Law and other acts of the legislation.
1. All citizens of Ukraine, legal entities, state bodies, bodies of local and regional self-government according to the Constitution of Ukraine and this Law have the right to open scientific and technical information providing possibility of its free obtaining, storage, use and distribution when implementing scientific, research, productive, public and other activity which is not forbidden by the current legislation.
2. The mode of access to open scientific and technical information and information with limited access is regulated by the current legislation.
1. The rights to scientific and technical information are protected according to the law.
2. The basis of emergence of the rights to scientific and technical information is creation of scientific and technical information by own efforts and at own expense; agreement performances about creation of scientific and technical information; accomplishment of any agreement containing conditions of transition of the rights to information to other person.
3. The rights to the scientific and technical information created by several persons are determined by the agreement signed between creators of this information.
4. The rights to the scientific and technical information created at the expense of means of the government budget are determined by the state by acceptance of the common decisions and by the conclusion of contracts between the state body performing financing and the contractor by creation of scientific and technical information.
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