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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of December 21, 1996 No. 159-FZ

About additional guarantees on social support of orphan children and children without parental support

(as amended on 10-07-2023)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on December 4, 1996

Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on December 10, 1996

This Federal Law determines the general principles, content and measures of social support of orphan children and children without parental support, persons from among orphan children and children without parental support, and also persons who lost during training of both parents or the single parent.

Article 1. The concepts applied in this Federal Law

1. For the purposes of this Federal Law concepts are used:

orphan children are persons aged up to 18 years at which both died or the single parent;

children without parental support, - persons aged up to 18 years which were left without care of the single parent or both parents in connection with deprivation of their parent rights, their restriction in the parent rights recognition of parents it is unknown absent, incapacitated (it is limited by capable), the announcement their dead, establishment by court of the fact of loss by person of care of parents, serving by parents of punishment in the organizations performing custodial sanction, stay in places of detention of suspects and the crimes accused of making, evasion of parents from education of the children or from protection of their rights and interests, refusal of parents to take the children from the educational organizations, the medical organizations, the organizations rendering social services and also if the single parent or both parents are unknown in other cases of recognition of children without parental support in the procedure established by the law;

persons from among orphan children and children without parental support, - persons aged from 18 up to 23 years at which when they were in age up to 18 years, both died or the single parent, and also which were left without care of the only thing or both parents also have according to this Federal Law the right to additional guarantees on social support;

persons who lost during training of both parents or the single parent - person aged from 18 up to 23 years at which during their training in educational programs of the basic of the general, secondary general education, the main professional educational programs and (or) in programs of professional training in professions of workers, positions of employees both parents or the single parent died;

the organizations for orphan children and children without parental support, - the educational organizations, the medical organizations, the organizations rendering social services in which orphan children and children without parental support are located under supervision;

guardianship and custody - form of child placement and children without parental support, for the purpose of their content, education and education, and also for protection of their rights and interests; guardianship is established over the children who did not reach age of 14 years; guardianship is established over children aged from 14 up to 18 years;

foster home - form of child placement and children without parental support, based on the contract on transfer of child(children) for education to family between guardianship and custody bodies and adoptive parents (the spouses or certain citizens wishing to take children on education in family);

complete state providing orphan children and children without parental support, - provision by it during stay in the relevant organization for orphan children and children without parental support, in family of the guardian, custodian, adoptive parents of free food, free set of clothes, footwear and soft stock, accommodation in premises without collection of payment or compensation of their all-in cost, and also free delivery of health care;

complete state providing and additional guarantees on social support in case of vocational training and (or) when passing professional training - provision to orphan children and children without parental support, persons from among orphan children and children without parental support, to the persons who lost during training of both parents or the single parent, studying full-time according to the main professional educational programs at the expense of means of the relevant budgets of the budget system of the Russian Federation and (or) according to programs of professional training for professions of workers, positions of the budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation or local budgets, free food, free set of clothes, footwear and soft stock serving at the expense of means or compensation of their all-in cost, provision of premises according to the procedure, No. 273-FZ provided by the Federal Law of December 29, 2012 "About education in the Russian Federation", the rights of orphan children and children without parental support, persons which are legislatively affirmed additional measures for social protection from among orphan children and children without parental support, persons who lost during training of both parents or the single parent, and also free delivery of health care before completion of training in the specified educational programs;

graduates of the organizations for orphan children and children without parental support, - persons who are placed under supervision in the organizations for orphan children and children without parental support on complete state providing also finished the stay in this organization;

additional guarantees on social support - legislatively fixed additional measures for social protection of the rights of orphan children and children without parental support, persons from among orphan children and children without parental support, persons who lost during training of both parents or the single parent who is studying full-time according to the main professional educational programs at the expense of means of the relevant budgets of the budget system of the Russian Federation and (or) according to programs of professional training for professions of workers, positions of employees, for programs of retraining of the workers and serving at the expense of means of budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation or local budgets.

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