of March 5, 1998 No. 187/98-BP
This Law determines legal, organizational and economic basis of the activities connected with the prevention or reducing amounts of formation of waste, their collection, transportation, storage, sorting, processing, utilization and removal, neutralization by burial and also with prevention of negative impact of waste on the surrounding environment and health of the person in the territory of Ukraine.
In this Law the stated below main terms are used in the following value:
waste - any substances, materials and objects which were formed in production process or consumption and also goods (products) which fully or partially lost the consumer properties and have further use in the place no their education or identification and of which their owner will get rid, intends or shall get rid by utilization or removal;
dangerous wastes - the waste having such physical, chemical, biological or other dangerous properties which create or can create considerable danger to the surrounding environment and health of the person and which need ad hoc methods and currencies with them;
the producer of waste - physical person or legal entity which activities lead to formation of waste;
the address with waste - the actions directed to prevention of formation of waste, their collection, transportation, sorting, storage, processing, conversion, utilization, removal, neutralization and burial including control of these transactions and supervision of places of removal;
collection of waste - the activities connected with removal, accumulating and placement of waste in specially allotted places or objects including sorting of waste for the purpose of further utilization or removal;
storage of waste - temporary placement of waste in specially allotted places or objects (before their utilization or removal);
processing (conversion) of waste - implementation of any technological transactions connected with change of physical, chemical or biological properties of waste for the purpose of preparation them to ecologically safe storage, transportation, utilization or removal;
transportation of waste - transportation of waste from places of their education or storage to places or objects of processing, utilization or removal;
cross-border transportations of waste - transportation of waste from the territory, or through the territory of Ukraine, on the territory or through the territory of other state;
waste recycling - use of waste as secondary material or energy resources;
waste disposal - implementation of transactions with waste which do not lead to their utilization;
neutralization of waste - reduction or elimination of danger of waste by mechanical, physical and chemical or biological processing;
waste disposal - final placement of waste during their removal in specially allotted places or on objects so that long-term harmful effects of waste on the surrounding environment and health of the person did not exceed the established standard rates;
subjects of the address with waste - the places or objects used for collection, storage, sorting, processing, conversion, utilization, removal, neutralization and waste disposal;
the allocated places or objects - places or objects (locations of waste, storages, polygons, complexes, constructions, subsoil plots, etc.) for which use permission to implementation of transactions in the field of the address with waste is got;
The state qualifier of waste - the systematized list of codes and names of waste, held for use in the state statistics for the purpose of provision of versatile and reasonable information on education, accumulating, processing (conversion), neutralization and waste disposal;
transactions of the address with waste - collection, transportation, storage, sorting, processing (conversion), utilization, removal, neutralization and waste disposal;
placement of waste - storage and waste disposal in places or objects specially allotted for this purpose;
waste as secondary raw materials - waste for which utilization and conversion in Ukraine there are appropriate technologies and production and technological and/or economic premises;
collection and procurement of waste as secondary raw materials - the activities connected with collection, purchase, acceptance, storage, processing (conversion), transportation, realization and supply of such waste to processing enterprises on utilization, and also rendering services in this sphere;
the paragraph of the twenty second Article 1 is excluded according to the Law of Ukraine of 07.04.2015 No. 287-VIII
the owner of waste - physical person or legal entity which according to the law owns uses and disposes of waste;
household waste - waste which are formed in the course of life and activities of the person in apartment and non-residential houses (firm, large-size, repair, liquid, except the waste connected with productive activity of the companies) and is not used in the place of their accumulating;
solid waste - remaining balance of substances, materials, objects, products, goods, products which cannot be used further for designated purpose;
liquid waste - household waste which are formed in the house in the absence of centralized water supply and the sewerage and is stored in cesspools;
services in export of household waste - collection, storage and transportation of household waste which are performed in the settlement according to the rules of improvement approved by local government body;
services in conversion (processing) of household waste - implementation of any technological transactions connected with change of physical, chemical or biological properties of household waste for the purpose of preparation them to ecologically safe storage, transportation, utilization or removal;
services in burial of household waste - services in final placement of household waste after their conversion (processing) in specially allotted places or on objects so that the long-term adverse effect of waste on the surrounding environment and health of the person did not exceed the established standard rates
sorting of waste - mechanical distribution of waste on their physical and chemical properties, technical components, energy value, commodity indicators and so forth for the purpose of preparation of waste for their utilization or removal.
source of formation of household waste - object on which household waste (the apartment house, the company, organization, the organization, the parcel of land) are formed;
The declaration on waste - the document, according to this Law business entities in the field of the address with waste which activities lead only to formation of waste, for which indicator of the general education of waste ranging from 50 till 1000 give;
the indicator of the general education of waste (further - Pzuv) - criterion of amount of formation of waste, is calculated by formula of Pzuv = 5000 x M1 + 500 x Sq.m + 50 x M3 + 1 x M4, where by M1, M2, of M3, M4 - weight in tons of waste 1, of 2, of 3 and 4 classes of danger in compliance formed for previous year.
services in the address with household waste - the services in export, conversion and burial of household waste provided in the settlement according to the rules of improvement of the territory of the settlement developed taking into account the scheme of sanitary cleaning of the settlement and approved by local government body.
The legislation on waste consists of the laws of Ukraine "About protection of the surrounding environment", "About ensuring sanitary and epidemic wellbeing of the population", "About the treatment of radioactive waste", "About scrap metal", "About housing and communal services", "About chemical sources of current", "About veterinary medicine", "About exception of the address, conversion, utilization, destruction or further use of low-quality and dangerous products", the Code of Ukraine about subsoil, this Law and other regulatory legal acts.
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