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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of January 12, 1995 No. 5-FZ

About veterans

(as amended on 24-04-2020)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on December 16, 1994

This Federal Law establishes legal guarantees of social protection of veterans in the Russian Federation for the purpose of creation of the conditions providing them worthy life, vigorous activity, honor and respect in society.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Categories of veterans

Taking into account merits on protection of the Fatherland, faultless military service, other public service and long honest work the following categories of veterans are established: veterans of the Great Patriotic War, combat veterans in the territory of the USSR, in the territory of the Russian Federation and the territories of other states (further - combat veterans), veterans of military service, veterans of work.

Article 2. Veterans of the Great Patriotic War

1. Veterans of the Great Patriotic War are persons who were involved in fighting on protection of the Fatherland or providing military units of field army in areas of fighting; the persons which were passing military service or who worked in the back in the period of the Great Patriotic War of 1941 - 1945 (further - the period of the Great Patriotic War) at least six months, excepting the work period in temporarily occupied territories of the USSR, or awarded with awards or medals of the USSR for service and dedicated work in the period of the Great Patriotic War.

Treat veterans of the Great Patriotic War:

1) participants of the Great Patriotic War:

a) the military personnel including transferred to the reserve (resignation), passing military service (including pupils of military units and ship's boys) or temporarily being in the military units, headquarters and organizations which were part of field army during civil war, the period of the Great Patriotic War or the period of other combat operations on protection of the Fatherland and also guerrillas and members of the underground organizations operating during civil war or the period of the Great Patriotic War in temporarily occupied territories of the USSR;

b) the military personnel including transferred to the reserve (resignation), face of the private and the commanding structure of law-enforcement bodies and state security agencies, serving during the period the Great Patriotic War in the cities, participation in which defense is set off in length of service for purpose of the pensions on favorable terms established for the military personnel of military units of field army;

c) the faces of civilian structure of army and the fleet, troops and law-enforcement bodies, state security agencies occupying in the period of the Great Patriotic War the established posts in the military units, headquarters and organizations which were part of field army or which were during the specified period in the cities, participation in which defense is set off in length of service for purpose of the pensions on favorable terms established for the military personnel of military units of field army;

d) intelligence officers, the counterintelligence which was carrying out in the period of the Great Patriotic War special tasks in the military units which were part of field army in the back of the opponent or in the territories of other states;

e) the employees of the companies and military facilities, narcomats, departments transferred to the period of the Great Patriotic War on provision of faces consisting in the ranks of Red Army and the carrying-out tasks for the benefit of army and the fleet within rear borders of the operating fronts or operational zones of the operating fleet and also employees of organizations and organizations (including organizations and the organizations of culture and art), correspondents of the central newspapers, magazines, TASS, Sovinformburo and radio, the cameramen of the Central studio of documentaries (newsreel) sent in the period of the Great Patriotic War to field army;

e) the military personnel including transferred to the reserve (resignation), face of the private and the commanding structure of law-enforcement bodies and state security agencies, the fighters and command structure of destructive battalions, platoons and groups of protection of the people which was involved in combat operations on fight against landings of the opponent and fighting together with the military units which were part of field army, in the period of the Great Patriotic War, and also being involved in combat operations on liquidation of nationalist underground in the territories of Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia during the period from January 1, 1944 to December 31, 1951. Persons who were taking part in transactions on fighting sweeping in the divisions which were not part of the operating fleet, in the period of the Great Patriotic War, and also being involved by the organizations of Osoaviakhim of the USSR and municipal authorities in mine clearing of the territories and objects, collection of ammunition and military equipment during the period from June 22, 1941 to May 9, 1945;

g) persons who were involved in fighting against fascist Germany and its allies as a part of guerrilla groups, underground groups, other anti-fascist forming in the period of the Great Patriotic War in the territories of other states;

h) the military personnel including transferred to the reserve (resignation), passing military service in the military units, organizations, military schools which were not part of field army during the period from June 22, 1941 to September 3, 1945 at least six months; the military personnel awarded with awards or medals of the USSR for service during the specified period;

i) persons awarded with the medal "For Defense of Leningrad", disabled people since the childhood owing to wound, contusions or mutilations connected with fighting in the period of the Great Patriotic War of 1941 - 1945;

2) persons working at objects of air defense, local air defense, at construction of defensive works, naval bases, airfields and other military facilities within rear borders of the operating fronts, operational zones of the operating fleet on front sites iron and highways; the members of crews of vessel of the transport fleet interned at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War in ports of other states;

3) persons awarded with sign to "The resident of besieged Leningrad";

4) persons who worked in the back during the period from June 22, 1941 to May 9, 1945 at least six months excepting the work period in temporarily occupied territories of the USSR; persons awarded with awards or medals of the USSR for dedicated work in the period of the Great Patriotic War.

2. The list of the military units, headquarters and organizations which were part of field army in the period of the Great Patriotic War is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. The list of the cities, participation in which defense is set off in length of service for purpose of the pensions on favorable terms established for the military personnel of military units of field army, is determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

3. Ceased to be valid since January 1, 2005.

Article 3. Combat veterans

1. Treat combat veterans:

1) the military personnel including transferred to the reserve (resignation), the persons liable for call-up called on military charges, faces of the private and the commanding structure of law-enforcement bodies, troops of national guard and the state security agencies, employees of the specified bodies, the employees of the Ministry of Defence of the USSR and employees of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, the staff of organizations and bodies of criminal executive system, bodies of forced execution of the Russian Federation sent to other states by public authorities of the USSR, public authorities of the Russian Federation and who were involved in fighting on duty in these states, and also being involved according to decisions of public authorities of the Russian Federation in fighting in the territory of the Russian Federation;

2) the military personnel including transferred to the reserve (resignation), face of the private and the commanding structure of law-enforcement bodies and state security agencies, persons participating in transactions in case of accomplishment of government fighting tasks on mine clearing of the territories and objects in the territory of the USSR and the territories of other states during the period from May 10, 1945 to December 31, 1951 including in transactions on fighting sweeping during the period from May 10, 1945 to December 31, 1957;

2. 1) persons accepting according to decisions of executive bodies of the Republic of Dagestan participation in fighting as a part of community defense volunteer squads of the Republic of Dagestan during the period from August to September, 1999 during counter-terrorist operations in the territory of the Republic of Dagestan;

3) the military personnel of automobile battalions going to Afghanistan during conducting there fighting for cargo delivery;

4) the military personnel of aircrew making from the territory of the USSR departures on fighting tasks to Afghanistan during conducting there fighting;

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