of January 12, 1996 No. 8-FZ
About burial and funeral case
Accepted by the State Duma on December 8, 1995
This Federal Law governs the relations connected with burial of the dead and establishes:
1) guarantees of burial of the dead taking into account the declaration of will expressed by person during lifetime and wishes of relatives;
2) guarantees of provision of financial and other support for burial of the dead;
3) health and ecological requirements to the choice and content of places of burial;
4) bases of the organization of funeral case in the Russian Federation as independent type of activity.
1. The legislation of the Russian Federation on burial and funeral case consists of this Federal Law and other Federal Laws accepted according to it, other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.
2. If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules than provided by this Federal Law, then rules of the international treaty are applied.
3. The decisions of interstate bodies made based on provisions of international treaties of the Russian Federation in their interpretation contradicting the Constitution of the Russian Federation are not subject to execution in the Russian Federation. Such contradiction can be established according to the procedure, determined by the Federal constitutional Law.
This Federal Law determines burial as ceremonial actions for burial of body (remains) of the person after his death according to the customs and traditions which are not contradicting health and other requirements. Burial can be performed by the bringing of body (remains) of the dead to the earth (burial in grave, crypt), to fire (cremation with the subsequent burial of ballot box with ashes), water (burial in water according to the procedure, determined by regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation).
1. Places of burial are the land areas allocated according to ethical, health and ecological requirements with the cemeteries constructed on them for burial of bodies (remains) of the dead, grief walls for burial of ballot boxes with ashes of the dead (ashes after burning of bodies (remains) of the dead, further - ashes), crematoriums for the bringing of bodies (remains) of the dead to fire, and also other buildings and constructions intended for implementation of burial of the dead. Places of burial can belong to the objects having cultural and historical value.
2. The created, and also existing places of burial are not subject to demolition and can be transferred only according to the decision of local government bodies in case of threat of permanent floodings, landslides, after earthquakes and other natural disasters, except as specified, of stipulated in Item 3 these Articles.
3. The places of burial of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland which are military burials can be transferred only according to the decision of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation according to the Law of the Russian Federation of January 14, 1993 No. 4292-1 "About perpetuating of memory of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland".
1. Declaration of will of person about the worthy relation to his body after death (further - declaration of will of the dead) - the wish expressed in oral form in the presence of witnesses or in writing:
about consent or disagreement to be subjected to pathoanatomical opening;
about consent or disagreement to removal of organs and (or) fabrics from his body;
be buried on this or that place on these or those customs or traditions, near this or that earlier died;
be subjected to cremation;
about trust to perform the declaration of will to this or that person.
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