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ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of December 29, 2006 No. 783

About approval of the Concept of social protection of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan

(as amended on 05-11-2014)

For the purpose of improvement of social security of the needing segments of the population the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan decides:

1. Approve the Concept of social protection of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan it (is applied).

2. To the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan together with the ministries, departments and local executive bodies of the government under: heat the draft of the Implementation plan of the concept of social protection of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan, and till April 1, 2007 to submit the Governments of the Republic of Tajikistan for consideration.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Tajikistan

E.Rakhmonov

Approved by the Order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of December 29, 2006 No. 783

Concept of social protection of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan

Introduction

The independence found by Tajikistan entailed deep social and economic changes which affected welfare of the most vulnerable segments of the population of the republic. In the course of transformations and transition to market economy, the republic faced need of review of the basic principles for the sphere of social policy, namely, in the sphere of social protection and social guarantees.

The debugged system of social protection with transitional economy is important element of economic development, social stability and political stability. The present stage of development of our society taking into account growth of the latent unemployment, differentiation of social position and several limited economic opportunities of the main part of the population, sets cardinal task of reforming of system of social protection of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan for the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Need of global changes of system of social protection of the population for the republic proceeds from permanent reminders and orders of the head of state; President of the Republic of Tajikistan E. Sh. Rakhmonov. As it was stated in the President's letter of the Republic of Tajikistan to Mazhdlisi Olya of the Republic of Tajikistan: "for the purpose of enhancement of social policy of the state the Concept of social protection of the population which provides number of the state measures of social protection of the population for the next years is prepared now".

The current situation in system of social protection of the population of the republic, and also its value in forming of socially oriented market economy require the fastest development and deployment of strategy of reforms and the choice of mechanisms on transformations in this system which will provide creation of competitive economy.

Development of the Concept is caused by the essential changes which happened in Tajikistan over the past few years such as: stabilization of political situation, improvement of macroeconomic indicators and on their background preserving number of problems in the sphere of social protection of the population, lagging of obsolete normative and legal and institutional base of management of social policy.

I. Current state of system of social protection

Tajikistan for the first time for the last seven years tests the period of relative stability and the economic recovery which began since 2000, and continuing till present that is the most important feature of the present stage of transformation of economy and society.

GDP growth in 2005 in comparison with 2000 constituted 58,6 of percent or annual growth constitutes percent 11,7. The amount of industrial and agricultural output increased respectively by 74,1 of % and 53,6 of %, and production of consumer goods - in time 2,2.

During 2000 - 2006 the actual growth of all cash incomes of the population, including the salary and pensions is noted. For these years the real located cash incomes of the population of Tajikistan increased in 3,4 of time and constituted in 10 months 2006 3861, 7 million somoni.

Reorganization of the companies of the industry and agricultural industry to market conditions allowed to recover partially the production destroyed by political instability and system of commercial ties. It was succeeded to improve provision with compensation of workers, including growth of nominal wage (on average for 40% a year) and decrease in debt on its payment (to 3 percent from monthly salary fund).

Expenses of the government budget on the social purposes (health care, education, housing and public utilities, social protection and so forth) increased with % 3,7 in GDP in 2000 up to % 12,4 in 2005, however, the expense level remains extremely low.

Despite the reached indicators in the sphere of economy and positive dynamics of macroeconomic indicators, there are unresolved problems of social life, especially problems in the social and labor sphere, including the high level of differentiation of the population on the level of the income: low salary of workers of agricultural industry, health care, culture, education and high earnings of workers of credit granting system, insurance, finance, companies of private sector, construction, communication, transport and industry. The gap of these indicators reaches the twelvefold size.

And the ratio of the paid minimum pension (social payment) to maximum constitutes 1:200.

Existence of the "three-part" labor market which in almost equal shares creates official employment informal employment and migration is feature of this period.

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