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of August 17, 1995 No. 147-FZ

About natural monopolies

(as amended on 11-06-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma on July 19, 1995

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Purposes of this Federal Law

This Federal Law determines the legal basis of federal policy for natural monopolies in the Russian Federation and is directed to achievement of the balance of consumer interests and subjects of natural monopolies providing availability of the goods for consumers realized by them and effective functioning of subjects of natural monopolies.

Article 2. Scope of this Federal Law

This Federal Law extends to the relations which arise in the goods markets of the Russian Federation and in which subjects of natural monopolies, consumers, federal executive bodies, executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation and local government bodies participate.

The regulation of activities of subjects of natural monopolies provided by this Federal Law cannot be applied in the fields of activity which are not relating to natural monopolies, except as specified, established by the Federal Laws.

Article 3. Determinations of the basic concepts

For the purposes of this Federal Law the following determinations of the basic concepts are applied:

natural monopoly - condition of the goods market in case of which the satisfaction of demand in this market is more effective for lack of the competition owing to technology features of production (in connection with essential lowering of costs of production per unit of goods in process of increase in production volume) and the goods made by subjects of natural monopoly cannot be replaced in consumption with other goods in this connection demand in this goods market for the goods made by subjects of natural monopolies to a lesser extent depends on the change in price for these goods, than demand for other types of goods;

the subject of natural monopoly - the business entity occupied with production (realization) of goods in the conditions of natural monopoly;

the consumer - the physical person or legal entity acquiring the goods made (implemented) by the subject of natural monopoly;

the head of the subject of natural monopoly (other business entity) - person, authorized to act without power of attorney on behalf of the subject of natural monopoly (other business entity).

The concepts "goods", "goods market", "business entities", "group of persons" are applied respectively in the values specified in articles 4 and 9 of the Federal Law of July 26, 2006 to No. 135-FZ "About protection of the competition".

The concept "infrastructure of rail transport public" is applied in the value specified in article 2 of the Federal law "Charter of Rail Transport of the Russian Federation".

Article 4. Fields of activity of subjects of natural monopolies

1. This Federal Law regulates activities of subjects of natural monopolies in the following spheres:

oil transportation and oil products on bulk distribution lines;

gas transportation on pipelines;

rail haulings;

services in transport terminals, ports and the airports;

services of public telecommunication and public mail service;

services in transfer of electrical energy;

services in supervisory control in power industry;

services in transfer of heat energy;

services in use of infrastructure of inland waterways;

burial of radioactive waste;

water supply and water disposal with use of centralized system, systems of utility infrastructure;

icebreaking pilotage, ice pilot pilotage in the water area of the Northern Sea Route.


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