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The declaration of the principles governing the relations between SVMDA state members

of September 14, 1999

State members of the Meeting on interaction and measures of trust in Asia,

confirming the commitment to the purposes and the principles of Articles of organization of the United Nations,

in view of the growing aspiration of their people to live in the atmosphere of the world, friendship, understanding, neighborliness and cooperation,

confirming the aspiration to promote improvement of the relations between them and to provide conditions under which their people can live in the authentic and lasting world, free from any threat of their safety,

emphasizing importance of development of the interstate relations on the basis of the principles of sovereign equality, and also the Charter of the UN and international law,

recognizing that international legal base of activities of SVMDA are the Charter of the UN and international law,

respecting the bilateral and multi-lateral agreements answering the principles and the purpose of the Charter of the UN and rules of international law

considering that development of the best mutual understanding and closer relations between them in all areas according to the purposes and the principles of the Charter of the UN and five principles of peaceful co-existence will promote strengthening of the world, stability and safety in Asia,

paying due attention to prevention of disputes and conflicts and their peaceful resolution,

confirming that variety of national peculiarities, traditions, cultures and values of the Asian states is not separating, and valuable mutually enriching factor of their relations,

emphasizing importance of tolerance in the international relations and significant role of dialogue as means of achievement of understanding, elimination of threats to peace and strengthening of interaction and exchange between civilizations,

completely in view of independence and variety of the line items and views, and confirming the growing aspiration to find opportunities to combine the efforts to strengthen trust and cooperation for the benefit of stability, economic and social development in the region and around the world,

recognizing importance of indivisibility of safety in Asia and expressing the determination to strengthen collateral actions in this area for counteraction to challenges and threats to peace, safety and stability in Asia, 9 emphasizing importance of measures of trust which make contribution to preservation of peace and safety promote,

recognizing close connection between the world, safety and development in Asia and in the world in general, and understanding need for each of them to make the contribution to strengthening of international peace and safety and to assistance to basic rights, economic and social progress and safely all people,

understanding the responsibility for the peace and safe future of the people,

confirming the commitment to achievement of the complete, fair and long-term relations of the world, openness, mutual trust, safety, stability and cooperation in Asia by elimination of intensity, stability and cooperation in Asia by elimination of intensity, search of ways of peaceful settlement of disputes,

recognizing importance of global liquidation of all types of weapon of mass destruction, and also effective approach to the destabilizing accumulating of conventional arms as method of achievement comprehensive, firm and lasting peace in Asia;

welcoming the initiatives and agreements directed to strengthening of the world, stability, safety and cooperation in Asia

declare the determination to respect and apply in the relations with each other, irrespective of their political, economic and social systems, and also their size, geographical location and level of economic development, the following principles which have fundamental value and by which they will be guided in the relations:

I. Sovereign equality, respect of the rights inherent in sovereignty

State members will respect sovereign equality and each other originality, and also all rights inherent in their sovereignty and covered by it, including, in particular, the right of each state to legal equality, territorial integrity, freedom and political independence. They will also respect each other right to freely choose and develop the political, social, economic and cultural systems, as well as the right to establish the laws and administrative regulations.

Within international law and in the spirit of this Declaration all state members have the equal rights and obligations. They will respect the right each other to determine and perform at discretion their relations with other states, the international and regional organizations, and also have the right to neutrality. State members build, thus, the relations on the basis of mutual advantage and respect.

II. Nonuse of force or threats of force

State members will abstain in the relations from direct or indirect use of force or threat of force against sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of the states, or otherwise, incompatible with Articles of organization of the United Nations and with this Declaration. No reasons can be used to prove the appeal to threat of force or to its application in defiance of this principle.

No similar use of force or threat of force will be used as means of dispute settlement or questions which can cause controversy between them.

Nevertheless, in case of any aggression or violation of sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of state member, the country subjected to aggression keeps the right to individual and collective self-defense, according to the Charter of the UN and international law.

III. Territorial integrity of state members

State members will respect territorial integrity of each other. They recognize inviolability of frontiers and therefore will abstain in the present and in the future from any attempt to break these borders. State members, similarly, will abstain from turning each other territory into object of military occupation or other direct or indirect use of force in defiance of international law, or into object of acquisition by means of such measures or threat of their application. No occupation or acquisition such will be recognized legal.

IV. Peaceful settlement of disputes

State members confirm the obligation to support and protect the principles of the Charter of the UN and international law, and also the methods containing in the Charter of the UN in the field of peaceful settlement of disputes.

The parties in dispute will come without delay into contacts and to enter in talk over for prevention of emergence of the conflict and dispute settlement according to the principles containing in this Declaration, and also in the Charter of the UN and international law. The state members which are the parties in dispute as well as other state members, will abstain from any actions which can worsen situation.

V. Non-interference to internal affairs

State members will abstain from any intervention in internal affairs of other state member.

They will abstain respectively from any form of armed intervention or application of threat of similar intervention against other state - the member.

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