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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of July 17, 1999 No. 176-FZ

About mail service

(as amended on 29-06-2018)

Accepted by the State Duma on June 24, 1999

Approved by the Federation Council on July 2, 1999

This Federal Law is aimed at providing constitutional rights of everyone freely to receive, transfer and distribute information, to the mystery of correspondence, mail, cable and other messages, installs system of legal guarantees of forming and effective functioning of mail service in the territory of the Russian Federation for the purpose of strengthening and development of interaction of participants of the economic, social and political relations, realization of needs of the population for services of mail service.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Subject of regulation of this Federal Law

This Federal Law establishes legal, organizational, economic, financial basis of activities in the field of mail service in the Russian Federation, determines the rights and obligations of public authorities of the Russian Federation, other participants of activities in the field of mail service, determines procedure for regulation of activities in the field of mail service and management of these activities, regulates the legal relationship arising between operators of mail service and users of services of mail service, establishes the status of the organizations of mail service and fixes social guarantees of their workers.

Article 2. Basic concepts

For the purpose of regulation of the relations in the field of mail service the following basic concepts are applied:

mail service - the communication type representing single production and technological complex technical and vehicles, providing acceptance, processing, transportation, delivery (delivery) of mailings, and also implementation of postal money transfers;

the single mail territory - the territory on which the single regulations and rules of mail service installing general system of indexation of objects of mail service in the territory of the Russian Federation, single procedure for registration, processing and direction of all types of mailings act;

mail service public - component of single mail service of the Russian Federation which is open on the terms of the public agreement for use for all citizens, public authorities of the Russian Federation, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, local government bodies and legal entities;

the international mail service - exchange of mailings between the organizations of mail service which are under jurisdiction of the different states;

services of mail service - actions or activities for acceptance, processing, transportation, delivery (delivery) of mailings, and also for implementation of postal money transfers;

universal services of mail service - service of mail service in satisfaction of needs of users of services of mail service in exchange of written correspondence within the territory of the Russian Federation and for reasonable prices;

postal money transfer - service of the organizations of federal mail service in acceptance, processing, transportation (transfer), delivery (delivery) of money with use of networks of mail and electric service;

the term of rendering service of mail service - set of the terms and standard rates established for accomplishment of the separate technological transactions constituting specific service of mail service;

users of services of mail service are citizens, public authorities of the Russian Federation, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, local government bodies and the legal entities using services of mail service;

the mystery of communication - the mystery of correspondence, the mail, cable and other messages including the field of activity of operators of mail service which is not subject to disclosure without the consent of the user of services of mail service;

operators of mail service - the organizations of mail service and the individual entrepreneurs having the right to rendering services of mail service;

the organizations of mail service - the legal entities of any forms of business rendering services to mail service as core activity;

the organizations of federal mail service - the organizations of mail service which are the state unitary enterprises and public institutions created based on the property which is in federal property and also Russian Post joint-stock company;

network of mail service - set of objects of mail service and mail routes;

objects of mail service - separate divisions of the organizations of mail service (post offices, railroad post offices, departments of transportation of mail under the railway stations and the airports, nodes of mail service), and also their structural divisions (mail exchange points, departments of mail service, Items of mail service and other divisions);

mail route - transit of mail transport between objects of mail service;

means of mail service - buildings, constructions, non-residential premises, the equipment and mail transport, the mail envelopes and postcards, mail container used for rendering services of mail service;

mailings - the addressed written correspondence, sending, direct mail containers;

written correspondence - the simple and registered letters, postcards, sekogramma, parcels post and small packets;

address data of users of services of mail service - information on citizens (surname, name, middle name, the postal address), and also on other users of services of mail service (the name and the postal address);

the postal index - the schematic digital symbol of the postal address appropriated to object of mail service;

personalized thing - the device (stamp) for drawing on documents and mailings of prints with indication of the name of object of mail service (route of the mail van), dates of acceptance and delivery of the mailing and other information;

the state signs of mail payment - the stamps and other signs applied on mailings and confirming fee of mail service;

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