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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of August 3, 1995 No. 123-FZ

About breeding livestock production

(as amended on 11-06-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma on July 12, 1995

This Federal Law establishes the legal basis of activities for cultivation of breeding animals, to production and use of breeding products (material), determines powers of the public breeding service by regulation of the specified activities, and also the right and obligation of citizens and legal entities in the field of breeding livestock production.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Tasks of breeding livestock production

The breeding livestock production is designed to provide process of reproduction of breeding animals for the purpose of improvement of productive qualities of farm animals and cultivation of highly productive farm animals, preserving gene pool of small and disappearing breeds of the farm animals useful to the selection purposes.

Article 2. Basic concepts

In this Federal Law the following basic concepts are applied:

breeding livestock production - cultivation of breeding animals, production and use of breeding products (material) in the selection purposes;

breeding animal - the farm animal having documentary confirmed origin used for reproduction of certain breed and registered in accordance with the established procedure;

breeding products (material) - breeding animal, its seed and embryos;

the organization for breeding livestock production - the legal entity performing cultivation of breeding animals, production and use of breeding products (material) in the selection purposes and also rendering services in the field of breeding livestock production;

appraisal of quality - assessment of breeding and productive qualities of breeding animal, and also qualities of other breeding products (material) for the purpose of their further use;

breeding value - the level of genetic potential of breeding animal and influence of this genetic potential on hozyaystvenno useful signs of posterity;

productivity of breeding animals - set hozyaystvenno useful signs of breeding animals, including quality of products received from them;

thoroughbred cultivation of breeding animals - cultivation of breeding animals of one breed for the purpose of consolidation and typification of signs inherent in this breed;

small (genofondny) breed - group of seldom meeting animals of certain breed who are differing in genetiko-selection features and being under the threat of disappearance;

the state registration of breeding animals and breed herds - accounting of data on breeding animals and breed herds respectively in the state book of breeding animals and the state breeding register for the purpose of identification, determination of origin and establishment of productivity of breeding animals and breed herds;

the state book of breeding animals - the code of data on the most valuable breeding animals in certain breed or about the breed herds received as a result of thoroughbred cultivation of breeding animals;

the state breeding register - the code of data on breed herds;

the breeding certificate - the document confirming origin, productivity and other qualities of breeding animal, and also origin and quality of seed or embryo;

branding - designation of breeding animal by means of drawing number - tattoos, brand marks, fixing of label which allows to identify the corresponding breeding animal precisely.

Article 3. Legal regulation in the field of breeding livestock production

Legal regulation in the field of breeding livestock production is performed by this Federal Law and the laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation adopted according to it, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.

The conventional principles and rules of international law and the international agreements of the Russian Federation concerning breeding livestock production are component of system of law of the Russian Federation according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules, than those which are stipulated by the legislation the Russian Federation in the field of breeding livestock production are applied rules of the international treaty.

The decisions of interstate bodies made based on provisions of international treaties of the Russian Federation in their interpretation contradicting the Constitution of the Russian Federation are not subject to execution in the Russian Federation. Such contradiction can be established according to the procedure, determined federal constitutional by the law.

Article 4. The relations regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of breeding livestock production

The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of breeding livestock production governs the relations in the field of cultivation of breeding animals, production and use of breeding products (material) in all industries of livestock production, including poultry farming, fur farming and beekeeping.

The property and related personal non-property relations arising in the course of cultivation of breeding animals, production and use of breeding products (material) are regulated by the civil legislation. The regulations of the civil law containing in the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of breeding livestock production shall correspond to the civil legislation of the Russian Federation.

The relations in the field of cultivation and use of the wild animals and pets who are not farm breeding animals are regulated by other legislation of the Russian Federation.

Chapter II. Bases of economic activity in the field of breeding livestock production

Article 5. Breeding products (material) as object of the civil laws

Breeding products (material) in the property and related personal non-property relations can act as object of the civil laws.

The general rules provided by the civil legislation of the Russian Federation on property so far as this Federal Law and other legal acts are applied to breeding products (material) other is not established.

Article 6. Property right to breeding products (material)

Breeding products (material) can be in property of the Russian Federation (federal property), in property of subjects of the Russian Federation (property of subjects of the Russian Federation), in property of municipalities (municipal property), in property of citizens (peasant farms) and legal entities performing cultivation and use of breeding animals.

Reference of the breeding products (material) which are in state-owned property to federal property and property of subjects of the Russian Federation is performed according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 7. Use of breeding products (material) as object of exclusive rights (intellectual property)

Use of breeding products (material) as object of exclusive rights (intellectual property) is allowed according to the procedure, provided by the civil legislation.

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