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LAW OF UKRAINE

of March 25, 1992 No. 2232-XII

About conscription and military service

(as amended on 31-10-2019)

This Law performs legal regulation of the relations between the state and citizens of Ukraine in connection with accomplishment of the constitutional debt by them on protection of the Fatherland, independence and territorial integrity of Ukraine, and also determines the general principles of passing in Ukraine of military service.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Conscription

1. Protection of the Fatherland, independence and territorial integrity of Ukraine is the constitutional obligation of citizens of Ukraine.

Women fulfill military duty on equal terms with men (except as specified, stipulated by the legislation concerning maternity welfare and the childhood, and also prohibition of discrimination on the basis of floor) which includes acceptance in voluntary procedure (under the contract) and conscription, passing of military service, service in war reserve, accomplishment of military duty in inventory and observance of rules of military accounting.

2. The conscription is established for the purpose of training of citizens of Ukraine for protection of the Fatherland, providing with staff the Armed Forces of Ukraine formed according to the laws of Ukraine of other military forming, and also law enforcement agencies of special purpose (further - the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military forming) in which positions are completed with the military personnel.

3. The conscription includes:

training of citizens for military service;

addition to draft sites;

acceptance in voluntary procedure (under the contract) and conscription;

passing of military service;

execution of conscription in inventory;

service in war reserve;

observance of rules of military accounting.

4. Citizens of Ukraine have the right to replacement of execution of conscription by alternative (not military) service according to the Constitution of Ukraine and the Law of Ukraine "About alternative (not military) service".

5. Citizens of Ukraine are exempted from execution of conscription on the bases determined by this Law.

6. The conscription does not extend to the foreigners and persons without citizenship who are in Ukraine.

In the cases provided by the law, foreigners and stateless persons which on legal causes are in the territory of Ukraine can in voluntary procedure (under the contract) to pass military service in the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

7. Execution of conscription by citizens of Ukraine the state bodies, local government bodies formed according to the laws of Ukraine military forming, the companies, organizations and the organizations irrespective of subordination and patterns of ownership within their powers provided by the law, and district (the integrated district) city (the integrated city) provide military commissariats (further - district (city) military commissariats), military commissariats of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, areas, cities of Kiev and Sevastopol, and also the territorial centers (in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, areas, the city of Kiev) and branches (in areas and the cities) completing by contract servicemen.

8. The procedure for education and power of the territorial centers, branches of completing by contract servicemen are determined by the provision approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.

9. Concerning conscription citizens of Ukraine are subdivided into the following categories:

youths of premilitary age - persons who are subject to addition to draft sites;

recruits - persons attributed to draft sites;

military personnel - persons passing military service;

persons liable for call-up - persons who are in inventory for completing of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military forming for the special period and also for performance of works on ensuring defense of the state;

reservists - persons who serve in war reserve of the Armed Forces of Ukraine of other military forming also are intended for their completing in peace and wartime.

Foreigners and stateless persons which according to the law pass military service in the Armed Forces of Ukraine are equated to category of the military personnel.

10. The citizens of Ukraine attributed to draft sites or who are in inventory of the Armed Forces of Ukraine or serve in war reserve, shall:

 be on challenge of district (city) military commissariat for execution of military and accounting documents, addition, passing of medical examination, the direction on preparation for the purpose of obtaining or enhancement of military specialty, conscription or on charges of persons liable for call-up;

undergo medical examination and treatment in treatment and prevention facilities according to decisions of the commission on questions of addition, the draft commission or military-medical commission of district (city) military commissariat;

have training for military service, military service and perform military duty in inventory;

carry out the rules of military accounting established by the legislation;

reservists shall arrive in military unit in which they serve in war reserve, on challenge of the commander of this military unit.

11. The women having specialty related the corresponding military specialty determined in the list approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, and suitable for passing of military service for health reasons, to age and marital status undertake on military accounting of persons liable for call-up.

12. The women staying on the military registry can be called up for military service or are attracted to performance of works on ensuring defense of the state in wartime. In peace time of the woman can be accepted on military service and service in war reserve only in voluntary procedure (under the contract).

Article 2. Military service and accomplishment of military duty in inventory

1. The military service is public service of special nature which consists in professional activity suitable for it for health reasons and to age of citizens of Ukraine (except as specified, determined by the law), of foreigners and stateless persons, Ukraine connected with defense, its independence and territorial integrity. Time of passing of military service is set off to citizens of Ukraine in their insurance years of service, length of service, length of service in the specialty, and also in years of service of public service.

2. Passing of military service is performed:

citizens of Ukraine - in voluntary procedure (under the contract) or at the call of;

foreigners and stateless persons - in voluntary procedure (under the contract) on the positions which are subject to substitution by the military personnel of ordinary, sergeant and foreman structure of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

3. Citizens of Ukraine, foreigners and stateless persons which pass military service are military personnel.

4. The procedure for passing of military service, the right and obligation of the military personnel are determined by it and other laws, relevant provisions on passing of military service which affirm the President of Ukraine, and other regulatory legal acts.

5. The military service in Ukraine will be organized with observance of the constitutional requirement about department of church and the religious organizations from the state.

6. Types of military service:

compulsory military service;

military service on mobilization, for the special period;

military service under the contract of faces of ordinary structure;

military service under the contract of faces of sergeant and foreman structure;

military service (training) of cadets of the highest military organizations of education, and also institutions of higher education which incorporate military institutes, faculties of military preparation, department of military preparation, department of military preparation (further - the highest military organizations of education and military educational units of institutions of higher education);

military service under the contract of faces of officers;

military service of faces of officers.

7. Citizens of Ukraine undergo compulsory military service according to the laws of Ukraine in the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military forming for the purpose of receipt of military specialty, acquisition of practical skills and abilities for the armed protection of the Fatherland.

8. The conscription in inventory consists in observance by persons liable for call-up of procedure and rules of military accounting, passing of charges for preserving and enhancement of knowledge, skills and abilities necessary for accomplishment of obligations of military service during the special period.

9. Citizens of Ukraine in voluntary procedure can serve in war reserve of the Armed Forces of Ukraine or other military forming. Procedure for selection and acceptance on service in war reserve, terms, conditions and procedure for its passing, and also the basis and procedure for dismissal from service are determined by this Law, relevant provisions on passing by citizens of Ukraine services in war reserve which affirm the President of Ukraine, and other normative legal acts.

10. The structure of war reserve of human resources is established by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.

11. Each citizen of Ukraine, for the first time enlisting in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, personally takes Military oath of allegiance to the Ukrainian people and fastens it with the sign manual. The foreigner or the stateless person who (which) for the first time is accepted on military service in the Armed Forces of Ukraine assumes official obligation strictly to observe the Constitution and the laws of Ukraine, to honesty carry out obligations of military service.

12. Citizens of Ukraine who are attributed to draft sites go for preparation for military service, persons who are called or accepted on military service are employed in war reserve, and the persons liable for call-up intended for completing of positions on the corresponding military specialties during mobilization have obligatory medical examination. The procedure for passing of medical examination affirms the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and the central executive bodies which according to the law perform management of military forming, in coordination with the central executive body which provides forming and realizes state policy in the field of health care. The list of military specialties affirms the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine.

13. Accomplishment of military duty during the special period is performed with the features determined by this Law and other regulatory legal acts.

Article 3. The legal basis of conscription, military service, service in war reserve

1. The legal basis of conscription and military service, service in war reserve are the Constitution of Ukraine, this Law, the Law of Ukraine "About defense of Ukraine", "About the Armed Forces of Ukraine", "About mobilization preparation and mobilization", other laws of Ukraine, and also presidential decrees of Ukraine and other regulatory legal acts accepted according to them on ensuring defense capability of the state, execution of conscription, passing of military service and the status of the military personnel, and also the international agreements of Ukraine which consent to be bound is this the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.

Article 4. Completing by the military personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military forming

1. The Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military forming are completed with the military personnel in the way:

appeal of citizens of Ukraine on military service;

acceptances of citizens of Ukraine on military service under the contract.

2. The positions which are subject to substitution by the military personnel of ordinary, sergeant and foreman structure of the Armed Forces of Ukraine can be filled with foreigners and stateless persons by acceptance of such persons on military service under the contract.

3. The procedure for completing of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military forming by the military personnel is established by this Law and regulatory legal acts adopted according to it.

4. For fitting of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military forming by the military personnel for the special period, and in case of acceptance in the cases and procedure determined by the law, the relevant decision of the President of Ukraine - and systematic military preparation is carried out to peace time and stay in inventory and war reserve of necessary number of the military trained citizens is provided.

5. The General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine carries out distribution of recruits for health reasons and is pro rata to the education level between the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military forming.

Article 5. List of the military personnel, reservists and persons liable for call-up. Military ranks

1. Military personnel, reservists and persons liable for call-up are subdivided into ordinary structure, sergeant and foreman structure and officers.

2. The following military ranks are established:

-------------------------------------------------------------------
|            Армейские            |          Корабельные          |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|                         Рядовой состав                          |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|    солдат                       |                      матрос   |
|                                 |                               |
|    старший солдат               |              старший матрос   |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|                 Сержантский и старшинский состав                |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|    младший сержант              |           старшина 2 статьи   |
|                                 |                               |
|    сержант                      |           старшина 1 статьи   |
|                                 |                               |
|    старший сержант              |            главный старшина   |
|                                 |                               |
|    старшина                     |главный корабельный старшина   |
|                                 |                               |
|    прапорщик                    |                      мичман   |
|                                 |                               |
|    старший прапорщик            |              старший мичман   |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|           Офицерский состав Младший офицерский состав           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|    младший лейтенант            |           младший лейтенант   |
|                                 |                               |
|    лейтенант                    |                   лейтенант   |
|                                 |                               |
|    старший лейтенант            |           старший лейтенант   |
|                                 |                               |
|    капитан                      |           капитан-лейтенант   |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|                    Старший офицерский состав                    |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|    майор                        |             капитан 3 ранга   |
|                                 |                               |
|    подполковник                 |             капитан 2 ранга   |
|                                 |                               |
|    полковник                    |             капитан 1 ранга   |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|                     Высший офицерский состав                    |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|    генерал-майор                |               контр-адмирал   |
|                                 |                               |
|    генерал-лейтенант            |                вице-адмирал   |
|                                 |                               |
|    генерал-полковник            |                     адмирал   |
|                                 |                               |
|    генерал армии Украины        |                               |
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