of January 10, 1996 No. 4-FZ
About land reclamation
Accepted by the State Duma on December 8, 1995
This Federal Law establishes the legal basis of activities in the field of land reclamation, determines powers of public authorities, local government bodies by regulation of the specified activities, and also the rights and obligations of citizens (physical persons) and legal entities performing activities in the field of land reclamation and providing effective use and protection of reclaimed lands.
Land reclamation is performed for the purpose of increase in productivity and stability of agriculture, ensuring the guaranteed production of agricultural products on the basis of preserving and increase in fertility of lands, and also creation of necessary conditions for involvement in agricultural turnover of not used and unproductive lands and forming of rational structure of land grounds.
In this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:
land reclamation - radical land improvement by holding hydrotechnical, forest cultural, chemical, anti-erosion, agricultural forest melioration, agrotechnical and other meliorative measures;
meliorative actions - designing, construction, operation and reconstruction of meliorative systems and separately located hydrotechnical constructions, watering of pastures, creation of systems of protective forest plantings, carrying out forest cultural works, works on improvement of chemical and physical properties of soils, scientific and technological ensuring the specified works;
reclaimed lands - lands on which meliorative events are held;
meliorative systems - complexes of the interconnected hydrotechnical and other constructions and devices (channels, collectors, pipelines, water storage basins, dikes, dams, pumping points, water intakes, other constructions and devices on reclaimed lands) providing creation of the optimum water, air, thermal and nutritive modes of soils on reclaimed lands;
the state meliorative systems - the meliorative systems which are in state-owned property and providing interregional and (or) intereconomic water distribution and antiflood protection, and also antierosion and pastbishchezashchitny forest plantings which are necessary for ensuring the state needs;
meliorative systems public - the meliorative systems which are in common property of two or several persons or transferred in accordance with the established procedure to use to several citizens (physical persons) and (or) legal entities and also the protective forest plantings necessary for needs of specified persons;
meliorative systems of individual use - the meliorative systems which are in property of the citizen (physical person) or legal entity or transferred in accordance with the established procedure to use to the citizen (physical person) or the legal entity and also the protective forest plantings necessary for specified persons only for their needs;
separately located hydrotechnical constructions - the engineering constructions and devices which are not entering the meliorative systems providing regulation, rise, giving, water distribution to consumers, removal of waters by means of meliorative systems, protection of soils against water erosion, antimudstone and protection against landslide.
The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of land reclamation consists of this Federal Law and the laws adopted according to it and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.
The conventional principles and rules of international law and the international agreements of the Russian Federation in the field of land reclamation are component of system of law of the Russian Federation according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules, than those which are stipulated by the legislation the Russian Federation in the field of land reclamation are applied rules of the international treaty.
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