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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of April 20, 1995 No. 45-FZ

About the state protection of judges, officials of law enforcement and monitoring bodies

(as amended on 05-04-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma on March 22, 1995

For the purpose of ensuring the state protection of judges, officials of law enforcement and monitoring bodies, separate categories of the military personnel and federal government civil servants, the sotrudnikovorgan of the state protection performing functions which accomplishment can be integrated to infringement of their safety, and also creations of proper conditions for administration of law of fight against crimes and other offenses this Federal Law installs system of measures of the state protection of life, health and property of specified persons and their relatives.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Ensuring the state protection of judges, officials of law enforcement and monitoring bodies and separate categories of the military personnel and federal government civil servants

Ensuring the state protection of judges, officials of law enforcement and monitoring bodies, separate categories of the military personnel and federal government civil servants, staff of bodies of the state protection consists in implementation by the state bodies of the security measures provided by this Federal Law authorized on that, the legal and social protection (further - measures of the state protection) applied in the presence of threat of infringement of life, health and property of specified persons in connection with their office activities and also in other cases provided by this Federal Law.

Measures of the state protection can be also applied to close relatives, and in exceptional cases also other persons on whose life, health and property is made encroachment with the purpose to prevent legal activities of judges, officials of law enforcement and monitoring bodies, separate categories of the military personnel and federal government civil servants, the staff of bodies of the state protection, or to force them to change of its nature, or from revenge for the specified activities (further - relatives).

Article 2. Persons which are subject to the state protection

Are subject to the state protection according to this Federal Law:

1) judges of all courts of law and Arbitration Courts, arbitral assessors, jury members;

2) prosecutors;

3) investigators;

4) persons making inquiry;

5) persons performing operational search activities;

6) the staff of federal bodies of internal affairs performing protection of public order and ensuring public safety, and also execution of sentences, determinations and resolutions of courts (judges) on criminal cases, resolutions of bodies of investigation and prosecutors;

6. 1) staff of organizations and bodies of criminal executive system;

6. 2) the military personnel of internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, bodies of military police of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation who was directly involved in suppression of actions of the armed criminals, illegal armed groups and other organized criminal groups;

6. 3) the military personnel of troops of national guard of the Russian Federation who was directly involved in suppression of actions of the armed criminals, illegal armed groups and other organized criminal groups;

6. 4) the staff of the Federal Service of troops of national guard of the Russian Federation who is taking part in implementation of protection of public order and ensuring public safety;

6. 5) the military personnel and federal government civil servants of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation who were directly involved in fight against terrorism;

6. 6) the military personnel and federal government civil servants of bodies of foreign intelligence of the Russian Federation who were directly involved in special transactions or performing special functions on safety of the Russian Federation;

7) staff of bodies of the Federal Security Service;

8) staff of federal bodies of tax police;

8. 1) ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 03.07.2016 No. 305-FZ

8. 2) staff of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation;

9) staff of bodies of forced execution of the Russian Federation;

10) the employees of regulatory authorities of the President of the Russian Federation exercising control of execution of the laws and other regulatory legal acts, identification and suppression of offenses;

11) staff of bodies of the state protection;

12) employees of customs and tax authorities, antimonopoly authorities, federal bodies of the state control, Federal Service for Financial Monitoring, Audit Chamber of the Russian Federation, and also other categories of the government and local government officers according to the list established by the Government of the Russian Federation;

13) relatives of persons listed in Items 1 - 12 parts one of this Article.

Persons listed in part one of this Article to whom measures of the state protection are in accordance with the established procedure applied hereinafter are referred to as further "protected persons".

Article 3. Types of the state protection

According to this Federal Law and other laws of the Russian Federation to protected persons it is provided:

1) application by the state bodies authorized on that (further - the bodies ensuring safety) security measures for the purpose of life and health of specified persons, and also ensuring safety of their property;

2) application of the measures of legal protection providing including the increased criminal liability for infringement of their life, health and property;

3) implementation of the measures of social protection providing realization of the right to material compensation established by this Federal Law in case of their death (death), causing by it bodily harms or other harm to their health, destruction or damage of their property in connection with their office activities.

Article 4. Public prosecutor's supervision of execution of the laws when implementing measures of the state protection

Supervision of execution of the laws when implementing measures of the state protection is assigned to the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation and prosecutors subordinated to it.

Chapter II. Security measures

Article 5. Types of security measures

The following security measures are applied to ensuring protection of life and health of protected persons and safety of their property with the bodies ensuring safety taking into account specific circumstances:

1) bodyguard, protection of the dwelling and property;

2) issue of weapon, special individual protection equipment and the notification about danger;

3) temporary placement to the safe place;

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