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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of December 2, 1994 No. 53-FZ

About purchases and deliveries of agricultural products, raw materials and food for the state needs

(as amended on 19-07-2011)

Accepted by the State Duma on October 26, 1994

Approved by the Federation Council on November 17, 1994

This Federal Law establishes the general legal and economic principles and provisions of forming and execution on contractual basis of purchase orders and delivery of agricultural products, raw materials and food for the state needs by the companies, the organizations and organizations located in the territory of the Russian Federation irrespective of patterns of ownership.

Article 1. The basic concepts used in this Federal Law

Purchase - form of organized acquisition by the state of agricultural products, raw materials and food at producers (suppliers) for the subsequent conversion or realization to the consumer (buyer) on mutually advantageous contractual conditions.

Delivery - form of organized contractual relations between producer (supplier) and the consumer (buyer) of agricultural products, ready for use, and food.

Article 2. Ensuring the state needs with agricultural products, raw materials and food

1. Purchase and delivery of agricultural products, raw materials and food for the state needs are performed for the purpose of:

satisfactions with agricultural products, raw materials and food of federal requirements and needs of subjects of the Russian Federation;

accomplishment of federal development programs of agro-industrial production, other economic and social programs directed to supply of the population with food;

ensuring agricultural export, raw materials and food;

forming of the state reserves of agricultural products, raw materials and food;

ensuring necessary level of food supply of forces of defense and state security.

2. Purchase and import (import) of those types of agricultural products, raw materials and food for the state needs, requirement for which is satisfied with producers of the Russian Federation, are not made at the expense of means of the federal budget and budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation.

For the region of the Far North and areas equated to them purchase and import (import) of agricultural products, raw materials and food for the state needs at the expense of means of the federal budget and budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation can be made according to the procedure, stipulated by the legislation the Russian Federation and subjects of the Russian Federation.

3. Agricultural products, raw materials and food are property of producers and are implemented by them at discretion, proceeding from economic benefit.

4. The government of the Russian Federation, executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation promote development of the food markets, stabilization of cross-industry and interregional bonds and cost proportions, provide maintenance of price parity between agricultural industry and other industries of economy of the Russian Federation.

Article 3. Federal and regional funds of agricultural products, raw materials and food

1. The Russian Federation is established two levels of forming of purchase orders and delivery of agricultural products, raw materials and food for:

federal state needs (federal fund);

regional state needs (regional funds).

2. The federal fund is created for requirements satisfaction in agricultural products, raw materials and food of the region of the Far North and the areas equated to them, ecologically contaminated territories, forces of defense and state security and the special consumers equated to them irrespective of their placement, the cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, forming of the state food reserves and operational reserve of the Government of the Russian Federation, ensuring export deliveries.

The list and purchasing amounts and deliveries of agricultural products, raw materials and food to federal fund are determined by the Government of the Russian Federation and created on contractual basis mainly in zones of commodity production in the territory of the Russian Federation, and in case of absence or lack of agricultural products, raw materials and food in the territory of the Russian Federation - beyond its limits.

3. Regional funds are created for requirements satisfaction of subjects of the Russian Federation in agricultural products, raw materials and food.

The list and purchasing amounts and deliveries of agricultural products, raw materials and food to regional fund are determined by relevant organ of the executive authority of the subject of the Russian Federation and created on the basis of contracts with producers (suppliers), including personal subsidiary farms, as in own territory of the subject of the Russian Federation, and beyond its limits.

In all territory of the Russian Federation free movement of agricultural products, raw materials and food is guaranteed.

4. The agricultural products, raw materials and food which arrived in federal fund are property of the Russian Federation irrespective of the place of their storage, and the agricultural products, raw materials and food which arrived in regional funds, property of subjects of the Russian Federation.

5. The government of the Russian Federation and executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation guarantee purchase of agricultural products, raw materials and food according to the signed public contracts at producers (suppliers) and the companies processing agricultural raw materials.

Grain, sugar beet, seeds of oil-bearing crops, flax-dolgunets, the cattle and bird, the milk, wool offered by producer to realization are bought in full.

6. The agricultural products, raw materials and food delivered for the state needs shall conform to the mandatory requirements established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation about technical regulation and also the special conditions established by public contracts.

Article 4. The state customers on agricultural products, raw materials and food for the state needs

1. The government of the Russian Federation determines the state customers for forming of federal fund of agricultural products, raw materials and food.

Executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation determine the state customers for forming of regional funds of agricultural products, raw materials and food.

2. State customers:

perform the choice of producers (suppliers) of agricultural products, raw materials and food for the state needs;

determine specific consumers (buyers) and terms of purchases and deliveries of agricultural products, raw materials and food for the state needs;

approve with consumers (buyers) assortment, amounts and terms of deliveries of agricultural products by it, raw materials and food for the state needs;

guarantee to producers (suppliers) payment of agricultural products, raw materials and food for the state needs at the prices and in terms which are determined by public contracts.

3. The state customers can transfer accomplishment to part of the functions on forming of purchase orders and delivery of agricultural products, raw materials and food for the state needs to the companies, the organizations and organizations irrespective of patterns of ownership.

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