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of January 8, 1998 No. 10-FZ

About state regulation of development of aircraft

(The last edition from 03-08-2018)

Accepted by the State Duma on December 10, 1997

Approved by the Federation Council on December 24, 1997

This Federal Law determines the legal basis of state regulation of development of aircraft in the Russian Federation.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

In this Federal Law the following basic concepts are applied:

state regulation of development of aircraft - system of economic and legal regulation of development of aircraft and aviation activities, state support and protection of the Russian developers, producers, operators and owners of aviation engineering;

aircraft - the state aircraft (the state military aviation and the state special aviation), civil aviation, experimental aircraft, the aviation industry, infrastructure of air transport, single system of air traffic management and aviation engineering;

aviation activities - the organizational, productive, scientific and other activity of physical persons and legal entities directed to support and development of aircraft, satisfaction of needs of economy and the population in airborne transportations, aerial works and services, including to creation and use of airfield net and the airports, and the solution of other tasks;

the aviation industry - industry in which development, production, testing, repair and utilization of aviation engineering are performed;

infrastructure of air transport - airfields, the airports, objects of single system of air traffic management, the centers and control centers flights of flight vehicles, collection points, storages and information processing in the field of aviation activities, the objects of storage of aviation engineering, the centers and the equipment for training of flight personnel used when implementing aviation activities other constructions and the equipment;

the aviation organization, including the air enterprise - the legal entity irrespective of legal form and pattern of ownership whose main objective of activities are development, production, testing, operation, repair and (or) utilization of aviation engineering;

aviation engineering - flight vehicles, their aircraft equipment and aggregates, engines, aircraft armament, aviation means of rescue, exercise machines, terrestrial facilities of air traffic control, navigation, landing and communication, and also ground servicing equipment of flight vehicles;

aviation engineering of dual purpose - aviation engineering which is used as for the purpose of ensuring needs of citizens and economy, and for the benefit of defense and safety of the Russian Federation;

flight vehicles - airplanes, helicopters, aviation, aerospace rockets, aerostats, airships, gliders, autogyros, hang gliders and other flight vehicles. Flight vehicles can be military, special, civil and experimental.

Article 2. Purposes of state regulation of development of aircraft

The purposes of state regulation of development of aircraft are:

assistance to economic development of the Russian Federation;

strengthening of defense and safety control of the Russian Federation;

development and expansion of international cooperation of the Russian Federation for the benefit of further integration of the Russian Federation into system of world economic bonds;

support and development of scientific and technical capacity of aircraft;

satisfaction of needs of physical persons and legal entities in airborne transportations, aerial works and services and protection of their rights to safe, high-quality and economic airborne transportations and aerial works and services;

enhancement and upgrade of aviation engineering and providing its competitiveness;

ensuring airfield construction and the airports meeting international standards;

creation of the market of aerial works and services;

creation of system of leasing of the Russian civil aviation engineering as bases of updating of the park of flight vehicles, creation of advantageous economic conditions to the Russian and foreign legal entities, and also physical persons for investment of capital in acquisition of the specified aviation engineering;

creation of new workplaces.

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