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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of April 3, 1995 No. 40-FZ

About the Federal Security Service

(The last edition from 07-03-2018)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on February 22, 1995

This Federal Law determines appointment, structure, the legal basis and the principles of activities of the Federal Security Service, activity, power, force and means of bodies of the Federal Security Service, and also procedure for control and supervision of activities of bodies of the Federal Security Service.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Federal Security Service and its appointment

The Federal Security Service - the single centralized system of bodies of the Federal Security Service performing the decision within the powers of tasks on safety of the Russian Federation.

Management of activities of the Federal Security Service is performed of the President of the Russian Federation.

Control of the Federal Security Service is exercised of the head of federal executive body in the field of safety through the specified federal executive body and its territorial authorities. The head of federal executive body in the field of safety is appointed to position and dismissed by the President of the Russian Federation.

Article 2. Bodies of the Federal Security Service

Treat bodies of the Federal Security Service:

federal executive body in the field of safety;

managements (departments) of federal executive body in the field of safety on certain regions and subjects of the Russian Federation (territorial authorities of safety);

managements (departments) of federal executive body in the field of safety in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, other troops and military forming, and also in their governing bodies (security service in troops);

managements (departments, services, groups) of federal executive body in the field of safety on the border service (boundary bodies);

other managements (departments) of federal executive body in the field of safety performing separate powers of this body or the providing activities of bodies of the Federal Security Service (other security service);

aviation divisions, the centers of special preparation, division of special purpose, the company, the educational and scientific organizations, expert, judicial and expert, military-medical divisions and the organizations (further - the military-medical organizations), the military and construction divisions and other organizations and divisions intended for ensuring activities of the Federal Security Service.

Territorial authorities of safety, security service in troops, boundary bodies and other security service are territorial authorities of federal executive body in the field of safety and are under its direct supervision.

Federal executive body in the field of safety, territorial authorities of safety, security service in troops and boundary bodies can incorporate the divisions which are directly realizing the main activities of bodies of the Federal Security Service, the managerial and providing functions.

Creation of the bodies of the Federal Security Service which are not provided by this Federal Law is not allowed.

In bodies of the Federal Security Service creation of structural divisions of political parties and activities of political parties, the social movements pursuing political goals, and also conducting political propaganda and election campaigns are forbidden.

Article 3. Federal executive body in the field of safety

The federal executive body in the field of safety creates the territorial authorities, will organize activities of the specified bodies, publishes regulations within the powers and directly realizes the main activities of bodies of the Federal Security Service.

In case of federal executive body in the field of safety the Academy of cryptography of the Russian Federation is effective. The charter of Academy of cryptography of the Russian Federation affirms the President of the Russian Federation.

Article 4. Legal basis of activities of the Federal Security Service

The legal basis of activities of the Federal Security Service is constituted by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation.

Activities of the Federal Security Service are performed also according to international treaties of the Russian Federation.

Article 5. Principles of activities of the Federal Security Service

Activities of the Federal Security Service are performed on the basis of the following principles:

legality;

respect and observance of rights and freedoms of man and citizen;

humanity;

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