of December 10, 1995 No. 196-FZ
About traffic safety
Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on November 15, 1995
This Federal Law determines the legal basis of safety control of traffic in the territory of the Russian Federation.
Tasks of this Federal Law are: protection of life, health and property of citizens, protection of their rights and legitimate interests, and also protection of interests of society and state by the prevention of the road accidents, decrease in weight of their effects.
For the purposes of this Federal Law the following main terms are applied:
traffic - set of the public relations arising in the course of movement of people and loads by means of vehicles or without those within roads;
traffic safety - the condition of this process reflecting degree of security of his participants from the road accidents and their effects;
the road accident - the event which arose in the course of movement on the road of the vehicle and with its participation with which people died or are wounded vehicles, constructions, loads are damaged or other material damage is caused;
traffic safety control - the activities directed to the prevention of origins of the road accidents, decrease in weight of their effects;
the participant of traffic - person which is directly involved in the course of traffic as the transport driver, the pedestrian, the passenger of the vehicle;
paragraph of the seventh ceased to be valid;
the road - the strip of the earth equipped or adapted and used for movement of vehicles or the surface of artificial feature. The road includes one or several carriageways, and also tramroads, sidewalks, roadsides and lane lines in case of their availability;
the vehicle - the device intended for transportation across roads of people, loads or the equipment installed on it;
the transport driver - person managing the vehicle (including training to vehicle control). The driver can manage the vehicle for personal reasons or as the worker or the individual entrepreneur;
the parking (parking space) - specially designated and if necessary the equipped and equipped place which is including part of the highway and (or) adjoining the carriageway and (or) the sidewalk, roadside, platform or the bridge or being part of subtrestle or subbridge spaces, the areas and other objects of street road net, buildings, structures or constructions and intended for the organized parking of vehicles on paid basis or without collection of payment according to the decision of the owner or other owner of the highway, the owner of the parcel of land or the owner of the corresponding part of the building, structure or construction;
emergency and dangerous road stretch (the place of concentration of the road accidents) - the road stretch, streets which is not exceeding 1000 meters out of the settlement or 200 meters in the settlement or roads crossing, streets where within accounting year there were three and more road accidents of one type or five and more road accidents irrespective of their type as a result of which died or were wounded people;
the tachograph - the technical tool of control providing the continuous, not adjusted registration of information on speed and traffic route of the vehicle about time of vehicle control and rest of the transport driver, about work-rest schedule of the transport driver, management of which belongs to its labor duties.
The basic principles of safety control of traffic are:
priority of life and health of the citizens participating in traffic over economic results of economic activity;
priority of responsibility of the state for safety control of traffic over responsibility of the citizens participating in traffic;
respect for interests of citizens, societies and the states in case of traffic safety control;
program and target approach to activities for traffic safety control.
The legislation of the Russian Federation on traffic safety consists of this Federal Law and other Federal Laws adopted according to them other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation, municipal legal acts.
Safety control of traffic is performed by means of:
establishments of powers and responsibility of government of the Russian Federation, federal executive bodies, executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation and local government bodies;
coordination of activities of federal executive bodies, executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation, local government bodies, public associations, legal entities and physical persons for the purpose of the prevention of the road accidents and decrease in weight of their effects;
regulations of activities on road, urban land electric transport and in road economy;
developments and approvals in accordance with the established procedure legislative, other regulatory legal acts concerning safety control of technical regulations, rules, the documents on standardization accepted in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation about standardization, technical standards and other regulating documents;
implementation of activities for the organization of traffic:
material and financial provision of actions for traffic safety;
organizations of training of transport drivers and training of citizens in rules and safety requirements of movement;
carrying out complex of actions for medical support of traffic safety;
implementation of obligatory certification or declaring of compliance of vehicles, and also constituents of designs, objects of additional equipment, spare parts and accessories of vehicles;
licensing of the separate types of activity performed on road transport, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation;
carrying out socially oriented policy in insurance field on transport;
implementation of federal state supervision in the field of traffic safety control.
1. Are under authority of the Russian Federation:
forming and carrying out in the territory of the Russian Federation single state policy in the field of traffic safety control;
Disclaimer! This text was translated by AI translator and is not a valid juridical document. No warranty. No claim. More info
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