of July 19, 1997 No. 109-FZ
About safe handling of pesticides and agrochemicals
Accepted by the State Duma on June 24, 1997
This Federal Law establishes the legal basis of ensuring safe handling of pesticides, including with their active ingredients, and also with agrochemicals for the purpose of health protection of people and the environment.
In this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:
pesticides - the chemical or biological medicines used for pest control and diseases of plants, weeds, wreckers of the stored agricultural products, household wreckers and external parasites of animals and also for regulation of growth of plants, preharvesting defoliation (defoliants), preharvesting dehumidification of plants (desiccants);
agrochemicals - fertilizers of chemical or biological origin, the chemical ameliorants, feed additives intended for power supply of plants, regulation of fertility of soils and top-dressing of animals. This concept is not applied to peat;
active ingredient of pesticide - biologically active part of pesticide which use in the form of different preparative forms leads to impact on this or that type of harmful organism or on growth and development of plants;
the state registration of pesticides and agrochemicals - registration of pesticides and agrochemicals based on which the federal executive body performing the organization of registration testing and the state registration of pesticides and agrochemicals grants permission for production, application, realization, transportation, storage, destruction, advertizing, import to the Russian Federation and export from the Russian Federation of pesticides and agrochemicals;
regulations of use of pesticides and agrochemicals - mandatory requirements to conditions and procedure for use of pesticides and agrochemicals;
the developer - the citizen or the legal entity performing receipt of pesticides or agrochemicals, researches of their activity, toxicological properties and environmental impact;
the manufacturer - the citizen or the legal entity performing production of pesticides and agrochemicals;
phytosanitary situation - the condition of lands, the woods and vegetation determined by the number of plant pests, spread of diseases of plants and availability of weeds;
phytosanitary monitoring - the forecast and establishment of the most probable level of distribution, number, intensity of development and injuriousness of organisms;
not clinical laboratory clinical trials of pesticide - the pesticide researches conducted in laboratory and in the environment for the purpose of data acquisition about its properties and (or) estimates of threat of damnification of life, to human health, harm to the environment including for the purpose of determination of residual amount of active ingredient of pesticide in the environment and agricultural products;
the pesticide researches conducted in the environment - the pesticide researches conducted in the territory of the Russian Federation in the form of experiment or number of the experiments made outside test laboratory (center) including on part of the land surface in water objects, constructions (including greenhouses), it is frequent in combination with the activities performed in laboratory or pesticide researches conducted consistently that is at first researches are conducted in the environment, and then in laboratory and vice versa;
residual amount of active ingredient of pesticide - quantitative index of content of active ingredient of pesticide and (or) products of its disintegration (metabolites) in the environment and agricultural products based on which safety of pesticide for human health, the environment is estimated;
the Russian test laboratory (center) recognized the proper laboratory practice corresponding to the principles - the Russian legal entity recognized to the corresponding principles of proper laboratory practice according to the Federal Law of December 27, 2002 No. 184-FZ "About technical regulation";
foreign test laboratory (center) - the foreign legal entity having the state registration according to the legislation of foreign state and corresponding to the principles of proper laboratory practice of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Legal regulation in the field of safe handling of pesticides and agrochemicals is performed by this Federal Law, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.
The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of safe handling of pesticides and agrochemicals governs the relations arising when implementing public administration in the field of safe handling of pesticides and agrochemicals and also in case of development, production, realization, storage, transportation, application, neutralization, utilization, destruction, burial, when importing to the Russian Federation and export from the Russian Federation of pesticides and agrochemicals.
Pesticides and agrochemicals can be alienated or pass freely from one person to another with different ways according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Russian Federation if they are not withdrawn from circulation or are not limited in turnover.
Turnover of pesticides and agrochemicals which are not brought in the State catalog of the pesticides and agrochemicals allowed for use in the territory of the Russian Federation is not allowed.
Turnover of pesticides of limited use which have the increased probability of negative impact on human health and the environment which is established as a result of registration testing of pesticides and agrochemicals is performed based on special permission.
In the field of safe handling of pesticides and agrochemicals treat powers of public authorities of the Russian Federation:
adoption of the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts in the field of safe handling of pesticides and agrochemicals;
carrying out in the Russian Federation single state policy in the field of safe handling of pesticides and agrochemicals;
implementation of federal state control (supervision) of execution of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of safe handling of pesticides and agrochemicals;
the organization of registration testing, examinations of results of registration testing of pesticides and agrochemicals, the state registration of pesticides and agrochemicals and determination of federal executive body in the field of testing and registration of pesticides and agrochemicals;
Disclaimer! This text was translated by AI translator and is not a valid juridical document. No warranty. No claim. More info
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