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MARITIME CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of April 30, 1999 No. 81-FZ

(as amended on 01-03-2020)

Accepted by the State Duma on March 31, 1999

Approved by the Federation Council on April 22, 1999

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. The relations regulated by the Maritime Code of the Russian Federation

1. This Code governs the relations arising from merchant shipping.

The relations arising from merchant shipping are regulated by other Federal Laws which are also issued according to this Code (further - the laws), presidential decrees of the Russian Federation and orders of the Government of the Russian Federation (further - other legal acts of the Russian Federation).

2. The property relations arising from merchant shipping and based on equality, autonomy of will and property independence of their participants are regulated by this Code according to the Civil code of the Russian Federation. To the property relations, not regulated or not completely regulated this Code, applies rules of the civil legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 2. Concept of merchant shipping

Merchant shipping in this Code is understood as the activities connected with use of courts for:

transportation of goods, passengers and their baggage, including on the sea line (including transactions on loading, unloading of loads and baggage, landing, disembarkation of passengers), and (or) towages, and also storages of loads;

fisheries;

carrying out sea resource researches;

investigations and developments of mineral and other lifeless resources of seabed and its subsoil;

pilot, ice pilot and icebreaking posting;

search and rescue operations;

raising of the property which sank in the sea;

hydrotechnical, underwater and technical and other similar works;

health, quarantine and other control;

protection and preserving the marine environment;

carrying out sea scientific research;

educational, sports and cultural purposes;

other purposes.

Article 3. Scope of the rules established by this Code

1. The rules established by this Code extend on:

ocean ships during their swimming both on maritime routes, and on inland waterways if other is not provided by the international treaty of the Russian Federation or the law;

inland navigation vessels, and also vessels mixed (the river - the sea) swimmings during their swimming on maritime routes, and also on inland waterways when implementing transportation of goods, passengers and their baggage with calling foreign seaport, during the rescue operation and in case of collision with the ocean ship.

2. The rules established by this Code, except as specified, directly provided in it, do not extend on:

the warships, military auxiliary vessels, vessels used for the purpose of transport servicing and (or) safety of objects of the state protection and other vessels which are in property of the state or operated by it and used only for government non-commercial service;

the non-commercial loads which are in property of the state.

In cases if this Code directly provides that the rules established by this Code extend to the vessels and loads specified in this Item, such rules shall not be used as the bases for withdrawal, arrest and detention of such courts and loads.

Article 4. Use of the courts floating under National flag of the Russian Federation for the purpose of merchant shipping

1. With use of the courts floating under National flag of the Russian Federation are performed:

1) cabotage;

2) icebreaking posting, search and rescue operations, raising of the property which sank in the sea, hydrotechnical, underwater and technical and other similar works in internal sea waters and (or) in the territorial sea of the Russian Federation;

3) sea resource researches, investigation and development of mineral resources of seabed and its subsoil in internal sea waters and (or) in the territorial sea of the Russian Federation, in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation.

2. For the purposes of of this Code are understood as cabotage transportation of goods, passengers and their baggage and (or) towage:

1) in internal sea waters and (or) in the territorial sea of the Russian Federation without crossing of Frontier of the Russian Federation;

2) from internal sea waters and (or) the territorial sea of the Russian Federation to the artificial islands, installations and constructions located in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and (or) on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation;

3) in internal sea waters and (or) to the territorial sea of the Russian Federation from the artificial islands, installations and constructions located in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and (or) on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation;

4) between the artificial islands, installations and constructions located in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and (or) on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation;

5) from internal sea waters and (or) the territorial sea of the Russian Federation in internal sea waters and (or) to the territorial sea of the Russian Federation with crossing of Frontier of the Russian Federation.

3. Only with use of the courts floating under National flag of the Russian Federation are performed:

1) pilot posting, health, quarantine and other control, protection and preserving the marine environment in internal sea waters and (or) in the territorial sea of the Russian Federation, and also icebreaking posting and ice pilot posting in the water area of the Northern Sea Route;

2) maritime transports of oil, natural gas (including in a liquefied state), the gas condensate and coal extracted in the territory of the Russian Federation and (or) in the territory which is under jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, including on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation, and shipped on vessels in water areas of the Northern Sea Route to the first discharge point or overload;

3) oil storage and oil products, natural gas (including in a liquefied state), gas condensate and coal if such storage is performed on the vessel in the water area of the Northern Sea Route.

4. The government of the Russian Federation can make decisions on maritime transports of other loads in other water areas with use of the courts floating under National flag of the Russian Federation, and also the decision on maritime transports of the loads specified in the subitem 2 of Item 3 of this Article with use of the courts floating under flags of foreign states if it does not contradict the conventional principles and rules of international law, international treaties of the Russian Federation.

5. According to international treaties of the Russian Federation or in the cases and procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, activities, stipulated in Item 1 this Article it can be performed with use of the courts floating under flags of foreign states.

Article 5. Public administration in the field of merchant shipping

1. Public administration in the field of merchant shipping is exercised of the federal executive body in the field of transport performing functions on development of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of sea transport (further - federal executive body in the field of transport), and also federal executive body in the field of fishery and other federal executive bodies within their competence.

2. The federal executive body in the field of transport according to international treaties of the Russian Federation, this Code, other laws and other legal acts of the Russian Federation publishes within the competence obligatory for execution by the organizations, and also citizens of the rule, including the rule of towage, the instruction and other acts containing the rules of law governing the relations arising from merchant shipping.

3. The federal executive body in the field of fishery according to international treaties of the Russian Federation, this Code, other laws and other legal acts of the Russian Federation publishes within the competence obligatory for execution by the organizations, and also citizens whose activities are connected with use of vessels of the fishery fleet, the rule, instruction and other acts containing the rules of law governing the relations arising in connection with fishery.

4. Navigation and hydrographic providing maritime routes, except for water areas of the Northern Sea Route and maritime routes in water areas of seaports and on approaches to them, is performed by federal executive body in the field of defense.

Navigation and hydrographic providing in water areas of seaports and on approaches to them, except for water areas of the Northern Sea Route, water areas of the seaports located on the coast of the water area of the Northern Sea Route, and approaches to them is performed by the federal executive body performing functions on rendering the state services and management of state-owned property in the field of sea transport.

Navigation and hydrographic providing in the water area of the Northern Sea Route, in water areas of the seaports located on the coast of the water area of the Northern Sea Route and on approaches to them is performed by the federal executive body performing functions on rendering the state services and management of state-owned property in the field of sea transport, and State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" according to the procedure, established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Article 5.1. Swimming in the water area of the Northern Sea Route

1. The water area of the Northern Sea Route is understood as the water space adjacent to the northern coast of the Russian Federation covering internal sea waters, the territorial sea, contiguous zone and exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and limited from the East to the line of demarcation of sea spaces with the United States of America and parallel of Cape Dezhnev in the Bering Strait from the West by meridian of the cape of Desire to the archipelago Novaya Zemlya, east coastline of the archipelago Novaya Zemlya and the western borders of the Matochkin Shar Straits, Kara Strait, the Yugorsky Strait.

2. Rules of swimming in the water area of the Northern Sea Route affirm the Government of the Russian Federation, are applied for the purpose of navigation safety, and also prevention, reducing and preserving under control of marine pollution from courts and contain:

1) the procedure for the organization of navigation of vessels in the water area of the Northern Sea Route including issue by federal executive body in the field of transport or the organization subordinated to it in coordination with State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" or the organization of permissions subordinated to it to navigation of vessels in water areas of the Northern Sea Route and issue to persons performing ice pilot pilotage, certificates of the right of ice pilot pilotage in the water area of the Northern Sea Route;

2) regulations on navigation and hydrographic ensuring navigation of vessels in the water area of the Northern Sea Route;

3) other concerning organizations of navigation of vessels in the water area of the Northern Sea Route of provision.

2.1. The federal executive body authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation in coordination with State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" affirm:

1) rules of icebreaking pilotage in the water area of the Northern Sea Route;

2) rules of ice pilot pilotage in the water area of the Northern Sea Route;

3) posting rules of courts along routes in the water area of the Northern Sea Route;

4) regulations on hydrometeorological ensuring navigation of vessels in the water area of the Northern Sea Route.

3. The organization of navigation of vessels in the water area of the Northern Sea Route is performed by State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" and includes including:

1) establishment of procedure for development of recommendations about development of routes of navigation of vessels and to use of vessels of the icebreaker fleet in the water area of the Northern Sea Route taking into account hydrometeorological, ice and navigation situation in the specified water area;

2) the organization of provision of information services in the field of the organization of navigation of vessels, requirements to safety of navigation of vessels, ensuring implementation of icebreaking pilotage;

3) assistance in the organization of holding search and rescue operations in the water area of the Northern Sea Route.

4. Issue of the permissions to navigation of vessels provided by the subitem 1 of Item 2 of this Article in the water area of the Northern Sea Route is performed on condition of accomplishment by the vessel of the requirements concerning safety of navigation and protection of the marine environment against pollution from courts (in relation to the water area of the Northern Sea Route) and the established international treaties of the Russian Federation, the legislation of the Russian Federation, rules of swimming in the water area of the Northern Sea Route specified in Item 2 of this Article, and provision of the documents certifying availability of the insurance established by international treaties of the Russian Federation, the legislation of the Russian Federation or other financial provision of the civil responsibility for damage from pollution or other damage caused by the vessel.

5. The amount of payment for icebreaking posting of the vessel, ice pilot posting of the vessel in the water area of the Northern Sea Route it is determined in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation about natural monopolies taking into account the capacity of the vessel, ice class of the vessel, distance on which posting of this vessel, and the navigation period is performed.
Payment of icebreaking posting of the vessel, ice pilot posting of the vessel in the water area of the Northern Sea Route is performed proceeding from amount of actually rendered services.

The rules established by this Item also extend to the warships, military auxiliary vessels and other vessels which are in property of the Russian Federation, property of subjects of the Russian Federation or operated by them and used only for government non-commercial service.

Article 6. State supervision of merchant shipping

1. The state supervision of observance of the international treaties of the Russian Federation relating to merchant shipping and legislations of the Russian Federation on merchant shipping (further - the state supervision of merchant shipping) is exercised by authorized federal executive body when implementing of federal state Transport Supervision Service by it (further - state supervision body).

2. The state supervision of merchant shipping regarding safety of navigation of vessels of the fishery fleet in fishing areas when implementing fishery is exercised by federal executive body in the field of fishery.

3. The state supervision body performs investigation of accidents or incidents at the sea according to the provision approved by federal executive body in the field of transport in coordination with federal executive body in the field of fishery and federal executive body in the field of defense.

4. The state supervision of sports sailing ships, pleasure crafts, and also the small size vessels used in non-commercial purposes is performed according to the procedure, established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Article 6.1. Organization of the state supervision of merchant shipping

1. Provisions of the Federal Law of December 26, 2008 No. 294-FZ "About protection of the rights of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs when implementing the state control (supervision) and municipal control" taking into account features of the organization and conducting the checks established by Items 2-6 of this Article are applied to the relations connected with implementation of the state supervision of merchant shipping, the organization and conducting checks of legal entities, individual entrepreneurs.

2. Subject of check is observance by the legal entity, individual entrepreneur in the course of implementation of the activities of the requirements established according to international treaties of the Russian Federation, this Code, other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation in the field of safety of merchant shipping (further - mandatory requirements).

3. The basis for conducting planned inspection is:

1) the expiration of three years from the date of the end of conducting the last planned inspection of the legal entity, the individual entrepreneur operating infrastructure facilities of seaport, except for port and navigable hydraulic engineering constructions, subjects to safety of navigation;

2) the expiration of one year from the date of the end of conducting the last planned inspection of the legal entity, the individual entrepreneur operating port and navigable hydraulic engineering constructions, subjects to safety of navigation.

3.1. When implementing the state supervision of merchant shipping regarding safety of navigation of vessels of the fishery fleet in fishing areas when implementing fishery scheduled inspections of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs are not carried out.

4. The basis for carrying out unscheduled inspection is:

1) the expiration of execution by the legal entity, individual entrepreneur of the instruction issued by state supervision body about elimination of the revealed violation of mandatory requirements;

2) receipt in state supervision body of addresses and petitions from citizens, including individual entrepreneurs, legal entities, information from public authorities (officials of state supervision body), local government bodies, from mass media about the facts of emergence of the accidents and transport incidents connected with violations of mandatory requirements, service regulations of infrastructure facilities of seaport and courts, rules of transportation and freight handling, transportation of passengers and baggage if such violations create threat of damnification of life, to human health, harm to the environment, safety of the state, to property of physical persons and legal entities, the state-owned or municipal property or attract causing such harm;

3) availability of the order (order) of the head (deputy manager) of the state supervision body on carrying out unscheduled inspection published according to the order of the President of the Russian Federation or the Government of the Russian Federation or based on the requirement of the prosecutor about carrying out unscheduled inspection within supervision of execution of the laws on the materials and addresses which arrived in bodies of prosecutor's office.

5. Unscheduled exit inspection on the basis specified in the subitem 2 of item 4 of this Article can be carried out by state supervision body without delay with the notification of body of prosecutor's office according to the procedure, No. 294-FZ established by part 12 of article 10 of the Federal Law of December 26, 2008 "About protection of the rights of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs when implementing the state control (supervision) and municipal control".

6. The prior notice of the legal entity, individual entrepreneur of conducting unscheduled exit inspection on the basis specified in the subitem 2 of item 4 of this Article is not allowed.

Article 7. Vessel

1. The vessel in this Code is understood as the self-propelled or not self-propelled floating construction used for the purpose of merchant shipping.

2. Vessels of the fishery fleet in this Code are understood as the vessels servicing fishery complex used for fishery and also priyemo-transport, auxiliary vessels and special purpose ships.

3. The small size vessel in this Code is understood as the vessel which length shall not exceed twenty meters and the total quantity of people on which shall not exceed twelve.

4. The pleasure craft in this Code is understood as the vessel, the total quantity of people on which shall not exceed eighteen, including passengers no more than twelve and which is used in non-commercial purposes and intends for rest on water objects.

5. The sports sailing ship in this Code is understood as the vessel constructed or re-equiped for sports activities, using wind force as the main driving force and operated in non-commercial purposes.

6. The sea floating platform in this Code is understood as the vessel intended for investigation and development of mineral and other lifeless resources of seabed and its subsoil.

Article 8. Shipowner

The shipowner in this Code is understood as person operating the vessel on its own behalf irrespective of whether it is owner of the vessel or uses it on other legal cause.

Article 9. Seaports.

1. The seaport is understood as its territory and set of the infrastructure facilities of seaport placed in the borders of this territory used for implementation of activities for the purpose of merchant shipping including for rendering services.

2. Ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 23.07.2013 No. 225-FZ

3. Activities in seaports are performed according to the Federal Law.

Article 10. Vessel capacity

For the purposes of Articles 320, 326, of 331, 336.6 - 336.8 and 359 of this Code is understood as the capacity of the vessel its gross tonnage determined according to the rules of measurement of courts containing in Appendix 1 to the International convention on measurement of courts of 1969.

Article 11. Unit of account

1. The unit of account provided by Articles 170, of 190, of 320, of 331, of the 359 and 360 of this Code is unit of special drawing right as it is determined by the International Monetary Fund.

2. According to ruble cost in terms of special drawing right transfer in rubles is made:

for date of decision by court, Arbitration Court or reference tribunal or for the date established by the agreement of the parties - the amounts specified in Articles 170 and 190 of this Code;

for date of creation of fund of the liability limit - the amounts specified in Articles 320 and 331 of this Code;

for date of creation of fund of the liability limit, payment execution or provision of the providing equivalent to payment, - the amounts specified in Articles 359 and 360 of this Code.

Ruble cost in terms of special drawing right is estimated according to the cost determination method applied by the International Monetary Fund for the corresponding date to the transactions and calculations.

Chapter II. Vessel

§ 1. Property on the vessel
Article 12. Persons of law of property on the vessel

1. Vessels can be in property:

citizens and legal entities;

Russian Federation, subjects of the Russian Federation;

municipalities.

2. Vessels with nuclear power stations can be in property only of the Russian Federation, except for courts with nuclear power stations of the atomic icebreaker fleet which can be in property of the Russian legal entities included in the list of the Russian legal entities approved by the President of the Russian Federation in whose property there can be nuclear installations.

3. The vessels registered in the Russian open register of courts can be in property of citizens and legal entities (including foreign citizens and foreign legal entities), the Russian Federation, subjects of the Russian Federation, municipalities.

Article 13. Rights of the owner of the vessel

The owner of the vessel has the right to make at discretion concerning the vessel any actions which are not contradicting the law and other legal acts of the Russian Federation and not violating the rights and the interests of other persons protected by the law, including to alienate the vessel in property to other persons, to transfer to them, remaining the owner, rights of possession, uses and orders of the vessel, to establish mortgage of the vessel and to encumber it with other methods, to dispose of it otherwise.

Article 14. Transfer of the vessel to trust management

1. The owner of the vessel has the right to give him to the trustee according to the trust management agreement of the vessel to the term which is not exceeding five years for implementation of control of the vessel for remuneration for the benefit of the owner.

The vessel which is under economic authority or operational management cannot be delivered in trust management.

Transfer of the vessel to trust management does not involve transition of the property right to it to the trustee.

2. Transfer of the vessel to trust management is subject to obligatory registration in the register in which the vessel is registered.

3. The individual entrepreneur or the commercial organization who meet requirements of Item 1 of article 15 of this Code, except for the unitary enterprise can be the trustee competent of the field of management of courts and their operation.

4. In the trust management agreement of the vessel the parties of such agreement, the right and the trustee's obligation, the size and form of its remuneration shall be specified.

§ 2. Flag and nationality of the vessel
Article 15. The swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation

1. The swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation is granted to the courts which are in property:

1) citizens of the Russian Federation;

2) legal entities in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation;

3) Russian Federation, subjects of the Russian Federation;

4) municipalities;

5) the foreign citizens, foreign legal entities, legal entities registered according to the Federal Law of August 3, 2018 No. 290-FZ "About the international companies and the international funds" - concerning the courts registered in the Russian open register of courts.

2. According to the statement of the freighter the swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation can be temporarily granted to the vessel registered in the register of courts of foreign state and provided in use and in ownership to the Russian freighter under the agreement of marine chartering without crew (bare-boat charter) if:

1) the freighter of the vessel meets for bare-boat charter to requirements imposed to the owner of the vessel according to Item 1 of this Article;

2) the owner of the vessel agreed in writing to transfer of the vessel under National flag of the Russian Federation;

3) the pawnbroker of mortgage of the vessel or the encumbrance of the vessel of the same nature established and registered according to the legislation of the state in which the vessel is registered agreed in writing to transfer of the vessel under National flag of the Russian Federation;

4) the legislation of the state in which the vessel is registered does not prohibit provision to the swimming right vessel under the flag of foreign state;

5) the swimming right under the flag of foreign state is suspended or will be suspended at the time of provision to the swimming right vessel under National flag of the Russian Federation.

3. The swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation is temporarily granted to the vessel by the captain of seaport registering the vessel in the bare-boat - the charter register, for the term which is not exceeding bare-boat charter effective period.

By temporary provision to the swimming right vessel under National flag of the Russian Federation the captain of seaport in which the vessel is registered determines what shall be the name of the vessel.

4. The swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation is granted to the vessel registered in the Russian open register of courts.

Article 16. Emergence of the right of swimming under National flag of the Russian Federation

The vessel acquires the swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation from the date of its state registration.

Article 17. Vessel nationality

1. The vessel having the swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation has nationality of the Russian Federation.

2. The vessel having nationality of the Russian Federation shall fly National flag of the Russian Federation.

Article 18. Loss by the swimming right vessel under National flag of the Russian Federation

The vessel loses the swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation if:

it ceases to conform to requirements, stipulated in Item 1 articles 15 of this Code;

the term for which the vessel according to Items 2 and 3 of article 15 of this Code is granted the swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation expired.

Article 19. Provision of the vessel in use and in ownership to the foreign freighter on bare-boat charter, temporary transfer of the vessel under flag of foreign state

1. Provision of the vessel registered in the State ship register, the Russian international register of courts, the Russian open register of courts or the register of small size vessels in use and in ownership to the foreign freighter on bare-boat charter is possible under condition if:

1) the owner of the vessel agreed in writing to transfer of the vessel under flag of foreign state;

2) in the absence of preliminary satisfaction of the mortgage of the vessel established and registered in accordance with the established procedure the pawnbroker of mortgage agreed in writing to transfer of the vessel under flag of foreign state;

3) the legislation of the state of the freighter does not contain the provisions prohibiting provision to the vessel registered in the State ship register, the Russian international register of courts, the Russian open register of courts or the register of small size vessels, the swimming rights under the flag of such state and return of the vessel under National flag of the Russian Federation after provision term to the swimming right vessel under the flag of such state.

1.1. By provision of the vessel registered in the State ship register, the Russian international register of courts, the Russian open register of courts or the register of small size vessels and in ownership such vessel shall be temporarily transferred to the foreign freighter on bare-boat charter to use under flag of foreign state based on the solution of one of the federal executive bodies specified in Item 2 of this Article with suspension of the right of swimming under National flag of the Russian Federation.

2. The decision on transfer of the vessel, except for vessels of the fishery fleet, under flag of foreign state is accepted by state supervision body; the decision on transfer of the vessel of the fishery fleet - federal executive body in the field of fishery with observance of requirements, stipulated in Item 1 this Article, and taking into account opinion of the all-Russian labor union of workers of the corresponding field of activity.

The vessel can be transferred under flag of foreign state to the term which is not exceeding two years with the right of its subsequent prolongation every two years, but not over bare-boat charter effective period. For the purposes of change of flag effective period of bare-boat charter cannot be less than one year.

Confirmation of cancellation of the decision on transfer of the vessel under flag of foreign state is accepted in the same order, as the decision.

§ 3. Identification of the vessel
Article 20. Name of the vessel

1. The vessel which is subject to state registration shall have the name.

The name is appropriated to the vessel by his owner according to the procedure, established by federal executive body in the field of transport in coordination with federal executive body in the field of fishery and other interested federal executive bodies.

2. The name of the vessel can be changed upon transition of the property right to the vessel or in the presence of others the bases, sufficient on that.

Pawnbrokers of the registered vessel mortgages are immediately notified on change of the name of the vessel.

Article 21. Call sign

1. The call sign is appropriated to the vessel. Depending on technical equipment of the vessel also identification number of the ship station of satellite communication and number of the selective challenge of the ship station are appropriated to it.

2. The procedure for assignment to the vessel of call sign is established by federal executive body in the field of communication, procedure for assignment of identification number of the ship station of satellite communication and number of the selective challenge of the ship station - authorized organization in the field of electroradio navigation and satellite communication.

§ 4. Classification and survey of courts
Article 22. The vessels which are subject to classification and survey. The organizations authorized on classification and survey of courts

1. The vessels which are subject to state registration and also the vessels registered in one of registers of courts of the Russian Federation are subject to classification and survey.

2. Classification and survey of the courts which are subject to state registration, the courts registered in the State ship register or the bare-boat - the charter register, are performed by the Russian organizations which powers are determined by the Government of the Russian Federation according to international treaties of the Russian Federation (further - the Russian organizations authorized on classification and survey of courts), on paid basis at the expense of applicants on the rates determined according to the procedure, established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Classification and survey of the courts which are subject to state registration of the courts registered in the Russian international register of courts and the Russian open register of courts at the choice of the shipowner are performed by the Russian organizations authorized on classification and survey of courts or the foreign classification societies given the Government of the Russian Federation necessary authority according to international treaties of the Russian Federation.

Classification and survey of sports sailing ships, and also the small size vessels used in non-commercial purposes are performed according to the procedure, established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

3. The Russian organizations authorized on classification and survey of courts can be created in the form of federal autonomous institutions.

Article 23. Survey of courts

1. Vessels, except for the small size vessels used in non-commercial purposes will be examined by the Russian organizations authorized on classification and survey of courts or foreign classification societies on compliance to requirements of international treaties of the Russian Federation.

2. Compliance of courts to the requirements specified in Item 1 of this Article is confirmed by the documents issued by the Russian organizations authorized on classification and survey of courts or foreign classification societies.

Article 24. Classification of courts

1. The Russian organizations authorized on classification and survey of courts or foreign classification societies according to their powers appropriate class to the courts specified in Item 1 of Article 23 of this Code.

2. The Russian organizations authorized on classification and survey of courts publish rules of classification and construction of vessels, technical observation of construction of vessels, rules of technical observation of production of materials and products for courts and grant the classification certificates confirming compliance of courts to these rules.

The Russian organizations authorized on classification and survey of courts in case of failure to carry out of these rules do not grant classification certificates, suspend or stop the classification certificates which are earlier granted by them.

Article 25. Ship's papers

1. The vessels which are subject to state registration, except for the courts specified in Item 1 of article 27 of this Code shall have the following ship's papers:

1) the certificate (interim certificate) on the swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation;

2) certificate on the property right to the vessel;

3) the passenger certificate (for the passenger ship);

4) certificate of measurement;

5) free board certificate;

6) certificate on prevention of pollution by oil;

7) permission to ship radio station and the radio magazine (if the vessel has ship radio station);

8) muster roll;

9) logbook;

10) the engineer's log (for courts with the mechanical engine);

11) sanitary magazine;

12) the ship sanitary certificate about the swimming right;

13) other ship's papers provided by international treaties of the Russian Federation, the laws and other legal acts of the Russian Federation.

2. The vessel used for health, quarantine and other control can not have the free board certificate and the certificate of measurement. Capacity of such vessel can be determined by the simplified method with issue of the corresponding certificate.

Paragraph two of ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 23.04.2012 No. 36-FZ

Article 26. Additional ship's papers

Voided according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 14.06.2011 No. 141-FZ

Article 27. Ship's papers for some categories of courts

1. The sports sailing ships which are subject to state registration, pleasure crafts and small size vessels shall have the following ship's papers:

1) ship ticket;

2) muster roll.

2. The ship ticket which the vessel specified in Item 1 of this Article shall have certifies the swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation, vessel accessory on the property right to certain subject, the vessel capacity, the validity of the vessel to swimming.

Article 28. Ship's papers for courts of foreign swimming

Voided according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 14.06.2011 No. 141-FZ

Article 29. Issue of ship's papers

1. The certificate on the swimming right under National flag of the Russian Federation, the ship ticket and the certificate on the property right to the vessel are issued by the body performing state registration of the vessel.

2. Permission to ship radio station is issued concerning the vessel which is subject to state registration according to this Code, federal executive body in the field of communication within three days from the date of receipt of data on payment of the state fee for issue of permission to ship radio station.

3. The ship sanitary certificate about the right of swimming is granted by bodies of sanitary and epidemiological surveillance on water transport of the Russian Federation.

4. The state fee in sizes and according to the procedure which are established by the legislation of the Russian Federation on taxes and fees is paid for issue of the documents specified in Items 1, 2 and 3 these Articles.

5. The federal executive body in the field of transport establishes the list of ship's papers which issue is performed in the form of electronic documents, procedure for their issue (except for permissions to ship radio station), signings by the digital signature and confirmations of reality. The procedure for issue of permissions to ship radio station, and also procedure for their signing by the digital signature and confirmations of reality is established by federal executive body in the field of communication in coordination with federal executive body in the field of transport.

Article 30. Recognition of ship's papers of the vessel floating under the flag of foreign state

Recognition of ship's papers of the vessel floating under the flag of foreign state and visiting seaports of the Russian Federation is performed based on international treaties of the Russian Federation.

Article 31.

Voided according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 29.12.2017 No. 460-FZ

Article 32. Rules of maintaining ship's papers. Storage of the logbook

1. The ship's papers specified in subitems 8 - the 11th Item 1 of article 25 of this Code, are kept on paper and (or) electronic media according to the rules established by federal executive body in the field of transport.

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Get help

If you cannot find the required document, or you do not know where to begin, go to Help section.

In this section, we’ve tried to describe in detail the features and capabilities of the system, as well as the most effective techniques for working with the database.

You also may open the section Frequently asked questions. This section provides answers to questions set by users.

Search engine created by SojuzPravoInform LLC. UI/UX design by Intelliants.