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MARITIME CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of April 30, 1999 No. 81-FZ

(The last edition from 03-08-2018)

Accepted by the State Duma on March 31, 1999

Approved by the Federation Council on April 22, 1999

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. The relations regulated by the Maritime Code of the Russian Federation

1. This Code governs the relations arising from merchant shipping.

The relations arising from merchant shipping are regulated by other Federal Laws which are also issued according to this Code (further - the laws), presidential decrees of the Russian Federation and orders of the Government of the Russian Federation (further - other legal acts of the Russian Federation).

2. The property relations arising from merchant shipping and based on equality, autonomy of will and property independence of their participants are regulated by this Code according to the Civil code of the Russian Federation. To the property relations, not regulated or not completely regulated this Code, applies rules of the civil legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 2. Concept of merchant shipping

Merchant shipping in this Code is understood as the activities connected with use of courts for:

transportation of goods, passengers and their baggage, including on the sea line (including transactions on loading, unloading of loads and baggage, landing, disembarkation of passengers), and (or) towages, and also storages of loads;

fisheries;

carrying out sea resource researches;

investigations and developments of mineral and other lifeless resources of seabed and its subsoil;

pilot, ice pilot and icebreaking posting;

search and rescue operations;

raising of the property which sank in the sea;

hydrotechnical, underwater and technical and other similar works;

health, quarantine and other control;

protection and preserving the marine environment;

carrying out sea scientific research;

educational, sports and cultural purposes;

other purposes.

Article 3. Scope of the rules established by this Code

1. The rules established by this Code extend on:

ocean ships during their swimming both on maritime routes, and on inland waterways if other is not provided by the international treaty of the Russian Federation or the law;

inland navigation vessels, and also vessels mixed (the river - the sea) swimmings during their swimming on maritime routes, and also on inland waterways when implementing transportation of goods, passengers and their baggage with calling foreign seaport, during the rescue operation and in case of collision with the ocean ship.

2. The rules established by this Code, except as specified, directly provided in it, do not extend on:

the warships, military auxiliary vessels, vessels used for the purpose of transport servicing and (or) safety of objects of the state protection and other vessels which are in property of the state or operated by it and used only for government non-commercial service;

the non-commercial loads which are in property of the state.

In cases if this Code directly provides that the rules established by this Code extend to the vessels and loads specified in this Item, such rules shall not be used as the bases for withdrawal, arrest and detention of such courts and loads.

Article 4. Use of the courts floating under National flag of the Russian Federation for the purpose of merchant shipping

1. If other is not provided by international treaties of the Russian Federation, this Code or orders of the Government of the Russian Federation accepted according to them, with use of the courts floating under National flag of the Russian Federation are performed:

1) cabotage;

2) icebreaking posting, search and rescue operations, raising of the property which sank in the sea, hydrotechnical, underwater and technical and other similar works in internal sea waters and (or) in the territorial sea of the Russian Federation;

3) sea resource researches, investigation and development of mineral resources of seabed and its subsoil in internal sea waters and (or) in the territorial sea of the Russian Federation, in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation.

2. For the purposes of of this Code are understood as cabotage transportation of goods, passengers and their baggage and (or) towage:

1) in internal sea waters and (or) in the territorial sea of the Russian Federation without crossing of Frontier of the Russian Federation;

2) from internal sea waters and (or) the territorial sea of the Russian Federation to the artificial islands, installations and constructions located in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and (or) on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation;

3) in internal sea waters and (or) to the territorial sea of the Russian Federation from the artificial islands, installations and constructions located in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and (or) on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation;

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