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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of June 20, 1996 No. 81-FZ

About state regulation in the field of production and use of coal, about features of social protection of employees of the organizations of the coal industry

(as amended on 28-06-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma on May 17, 1996

Approved by the Federation Council on June 5, 1996

This Federal Law determines bases of state policy in the field of production (conversion) and use of coal (combustible slates), and also governs the relations arising when implementing activities in this area. The features determining state policy in the field of production (conversion) and use of coal (combustible slates) consist in the following:

coal (combustible slates) and products of its conversion are the most reliable and socially important energy carriers;

mining-and-geological conditions of bedding of layers of coal (combustible slates) cause special complexity and danger of production (conversion) of coal (combustible slates);

the organizations for production (conversion) of coal (combustible slates) are characterized by high capital intensity, lag effect of production cycle, require periodic reconstruction; engineering procedure of production (conversion) of coal (combustible slates) requires permanent capital investments;

functioning of the organizations for production (conversion) of coal (combustible slates), and also use of ordinary coal (combustible slates) in fuel quality make negative impact on the environment;

liquidation of the organizations for production (conversion) of coal (combustible slates) owing to working off of coal resource (combustible slates) or inefficiency of the specified organizations leads to release of the workers who are not prepared for accomplishment of other professional activity and causes need of acceptance of special measures for their social protection.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

For the purposes of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

restructuring of the coal industry - complex of actions for reorganization of production base of the organizations for production (conversion) of coal (combustible slates) for the purpose of creation of effectively functioning organizations for production (conversion) of coal (combustible slates), ensuring social protection and employment of the workers released when restructuring the coal industry, and also the solution of the problems of ecological nature connected with such restructuring;

financial provision of restructuring of the coal industry - the financial resources allocated according to the budget legislation of the Russian Federation for accomplishment of actions for completion of restructuring of the coal industry, and also for ensuring development and steady functioning of the organizations for production (conversion) of coal (combustible slates) for the purpose of satisfaction of requirement of economy and the population in fuel;

mining operations - complex of works (production processes) on carrying out, fixture, maintenance of excavations and dredging of mineral;

decontamination - works on extraction and conclusion of explosive gases for the purpose of decrease in their content in the mine, coal layers and the developed space to the established admissible regulations;

mitigation of consequences of conducting mining operations - works on liquidation of excavations and exception of access to them, on dismantle of the equipment, demolition of buildings and constructions, recultivations of the used lands and liquidation of others, including ecological, consequences of conducting mining operations;

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