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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of February 12, 1998 No. 28-FZ

About civil defense

(as amended on 11-06-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma on December 26, 1997

Approved by the Federation Council on January 28, 1998

This Federal Law determines tasks, the legal basis of their implementation and power of public authorities of the Russian Federation, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, local government bodies and organizations in the field of civil defense.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

Civil defense - system of actions for preparation for protection and on protection of the population, material and cultural values in the territory of the Russian Federation from the dangers arising in case of the military conflicts or owing to these conflicts and also in case of emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature;

actions for civil defense - the organizational and special actions performed in the field of civil defense according to the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation;

the territory carried to group on civil defense - the territory in which the city or other settlement having important defensive and economic value is located, with the objects which are in it, representing high degree danger of emergence of emergency situations to military and peace time;

requirements in the field of civil defense - special conditions (rules) of operation of technical management systems of civil defense and objects of civil defense, use and content of warning systems, individual protection equipment, other special equipment and property of civil defense established by the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation;

emergency forming on ensuring accomplishment of actions for civil defense - the forming created by the organizations from among the workers for the purpose of participation in ensuring accomplishment of actions for civil defense and the carrying out which are not connected with threat of life and to human health of urgent works in case of liquidation of emergency situations;

management of civil defense - purposeful activities of the bodies exercising control of civil defense for the organization of preparation for maintaining and conducting civil defense;

management system civil defense - the component of system of public administration of the Russian Federation intended for the solution of tasks in the field of civil defense and representing set of the bodies exercising control of civil defense and also control centers and technical means providing management of civil defense;

the organizations referred in accordance with the established procedure to categories on civil defense - the organizations depending on defensive and economic value having mobilization tasks (orders) and (or) representing high degree of potential danger of emergence of emergency situations to military and peace time and also unique objects in the historical and cultural relation;

preparation of the population in the field of civil defense - system of actions for training of the population in actions in case of threat of origin and emergence of dangers in case of the military conflicts or owing to these conflicts, and also in case of emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature;

ensuring accomplishment of actions for civil defense - complex of the actions directed to creation of conditions for effective solution of tasks in the field of civil defense by governing bodies, forces and means of civil defense and Universal State System of Prevention and Response to ES;

the organization providing accomplishment of actions for civil defense of federal executive body, the organization providing accomplishment of actions of regional or local level for civil defense - the organization performing activities in the field of civil defense for the benefit of federal executive body, public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation or local government body subordinated to respectively one of the specified bodies or performing such activities on contractual basis for mobilization plans of economy;

the dangers arising in case of the military conflicts or owing to these conflicts and also in case of emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature, - set of conditions which developed as a result of use (impact) or threat of application (impact) of different types of weapon or as a result of emergence of emergency situations and under which there was threat of impact of the striking factors on the population, material and cultural values and the environment or exists probability of emergence of such threat;

network of observation and laboratory control of civil defense and protection of the population - set of the operating specialized agencies, divisions and services of the federal executive bodies, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation and the organizations performing functions of observation and control of radiation, chemical, biological situation in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Article 2. Tasks in the field of civil defense

The main objectives in the field of civil defense are:

preparation of the population in the field of civil defense;

the notification of the population about the dangers arising in case of the military conflicts or owing to these conflicts and also in case of emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature;

evacuation of the population, material and cultural values to safe areas;

provision to the population of means of individual and collective protection;

holding actions for blackout and other types of masking;

carrying out rescue and other urgent works in case of dangers to the population in case of the military conflicts or owing to these conflicts, and also in case of emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature;

first-priority life support of the population which was injured in case of the military conflicts or owing to these conflicts and also in case of emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature;

fire-fighting, arisen in case of the military conflicts or owing to these conflicts;

detection and designation of the areas which underwent to radioactive, chemical, biological or other infection;

sanitary processing of the population, disinfecting of buildings and constructions, special processing of the equipment and territories;

recovery and maintenance of procedure in the areas which were injured in case of the military conflicts or owing to these conflicts and also in case of emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature;

urgent recovery of functioning of necessary municipal services in wartime;

urgent burial of corpses in wartime;

ensuring stability of functioning of the organizations necessary for survival of the population in case of the military conflicts or owing to these conflicts, and also in case of emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature;

ensuring permanent readiness of forces and means of civil defense.

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