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AIR CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of March 19, 1997 No. 60-FZ

(as amended on 30-01-2024)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on February 19, 1997

Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on March 5, 1997

This Code establishes the legal basis of use of airspace of the Russian Federation and activities in the field of aircraft.

State regulation of use of airspace of the Russian Federation and activities in the field of aircraft is aimed at providing needs of citizens and economy in airborne transportations, aerial works, and also on ensuring defense and safety of the state, protection of interests of the state, aviation safety of air vehicles, aviation and ecological safety.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Sovereignty concerning airspace of the Russian Federation

1. The Russian Federation has complete and exclusive sovereignty concerning airspace of the Russian Federation.

2. Airspace of the Russian Federation is understood as airspace over the territory of the Russian Federation, including airspace over inland waters and territorial sea.

Article 2. Air legislation of the Russian Federation

1. The air legislation of the Russian Federation consists of of this Code, the Federal Laws, presidential decrees of the Russian Federation, orders of the Government of the Russian Federation, federal rules of use of airspace, federal aviation rules, and also other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation accepted according to them.

2. Federal rules of use of airspace and federal aviation rules - the regulations governing the relations in the field of use of airspace and in the field of aircraft and accepted according to the procedure, determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.

3. The government of the Russian Federation has the right to adopt the acts providing entry into force of the regulatory legal acts containing mandatory requirements and accepted for the purpose of creation and operation of pilotless aviation systems and (or) their elements, in other terms, than specified regarding 1 article 3 of the Federal Law of July 31, 2020 to No. 247-FZ "About mandatory requirements in the Russian Federation".

Article 3. International agreements of the Russian Federation

If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules, than those which are provided by this Code are applied rules of the international treaty.

Article 4. Responsibility for violation of the air legislation of the Russian Federation

Persons guilty of violation of the air legislation of the Russian Federation bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 5. The relations regulated by the air legislation of the Russian Federation

The air legislation of the Russian Federation governs the relations in the field of use of airspace, the relations arising in connection with activities in the field of aircraft in the territory of the Russian Federation, and also the relations arising in connection with finding of air vehicles of the Russian Federation outside the territory of the Russian Federation if other is not provided by the laws of adoptive state or the international treaty of the Russian Federation, and the relations arising in connection with accomplishment of flights of air vehicles of foreign states in airspace of the Russian Federation if other is not provided by the international treaty of the Russian Federation.

Article 6. Concept of authorized bodies

For the purpose of of this Code authorized bodies are understood as federal executive bodies, and also bodies to which the Federal Law, by the presidential decree of the Russian Federation or the order of the Government of the Russian Federation confers powers of federal executive body in the corresponding sphere of activity and on which responsibility of this body is conferred.

Article 7. Accessory of property of aircraft

The property of civil and experimental aviation - air vehicles, airfields, the airports, technical means and other means intended for flight servicing of air vehicles - in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation can be in the state-owned and municipal property, property of physical persons, legal entities, and the same property of the state aircraft and objects of single system of air traffic management - only in federal property. The airfields which are in the state-owned or municipal property cannot be aloof in property of physical persons, legal entities.

Article 7.1. Infrastructure facilities of air transport

1. The following objects belong to infrastructure facilities of air transport:

1) airfields, helidromes, the equipped places for splashdown and mooring of air vehicles, the other objects necessary for take-off, landing, taxing and the parking of air vehicles;

2) air terminals (terminals) and other objects, including the capital construction projects necessary for landing to the air vehicle and disembarkation from it of passengers, loading, unloading and storage of the loads transported by the air vehicle, servicing and safety control of passengers and loads;

3) objects of single system of air traffic management;

4) land objects necessary for operation, contents, constructions, reconstruction and repair of the airports, airfields and helidromes, underground constructions and engineering communications;

5) the buildings, constructions located in the territories of the airports, airfields, helidromes and intended for ensuring aviation security, rendering services;

6) the ground equipment necessary for provision by service providers on servicing of lines of management of pilotless aviation systems and control of pilotless aviation systems (further - ground equipment on servicing of lines of management of pilotless aviation systems and control of pilotless aviation systems).

2. Especially dangerous, technically difficult infrastructure facilities of air transport are landing strips, taxiways, places of parking of air vehicles and platforms of paved airfields with runway length of 1300 meters and more, air terminals (terminals) handling capacity of 100 passengers in hour and more, regional and district dispatch centers of single system of air traffic management, command and dispatching offices and starting control offices more than three floors high or of 1500 m2s and more, except for command and dispatching offices and starting control offices of modular (container) type, and also infrastructure facilities of air transport which part the objects relating according to this Item to especially dangerous, technically to difficult objects are.

Article 8. Obligatory certification and certification in civil aviation

1. To obligatory certification by the body authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation, according to the procedure, established by federal aviation rules, are subject:

1) the airfields intended for implementation of commercial air transportations by airplanes by passenger capacity more than twenty people, and also the airfields open for accomplishment of the international flights of civil air vehicles;

2) the piloted civil air vehicles, aircraft engines, air screws and aircraft aeronautical equipment of civil air vehicles, the civil air vehicles except for piloted by which the airworthiness certificate is issued based on the certificate of type, the certificate about serviceability or other act of approval of standard pattern of the civil air vehicle issued till January 1, 1967 or the appraisal report of the specific air vehicle on compliance of the specific air vehicle to requirements to the flight validity of civil air vehicles and to requirements in the field of environmental protection from impact of activities in the field of aircraft, and also the extralight piloted civil air vehicles weighing design of 115 kilograms and less;

2. 1) pilotless aviation systems and (or) their elements, except for the pilotless aviation systems and (or) their elements including pilotless civil air vehicles on which the airworthiness certificate is issued based on the certificate of type or the appraisal report of the specific air vehicle on its compliance to requirements to the flight validity of civil air vehicles and to requirements in the field of environmental protection from impact of activities in the field of aircraft, and also pilotless aviation systems and (or) their elements which are turning on pilotless civil air vehicles with the maximum take-off mass of 30 kilograms and less.

Action of the requirements established by this subitem can be changed or excluded concerning participants of experimental legal regime in the field of digital innovations according to the program of experimental legal regime in the field of digital innovations approved according to the Federal Law of July 31, 2020 No. 258-FZ "About experimental legal regimes in the field of digital innovations in the Russian Federation";

3) the light-signal and meteorological equipment installed in the certified airfields intended for take-off, landing, taxing and the parking of civil air vehicles and also the radio-radar equipment and the equipment of aviation telecommunication used for air traffic maintenance, ground equipment on servicing of lines of management of pilotless aviation systems and control of pilotless aviation systems;

4) activities of the legal entities performing development and (or) production of the subject obligatory certification according to subitems 2, 2.1 and 3 presents of Item of aviation engineering, except for the easy, extralight civil air vehicles which are not performing commercial air transportations of passengers, and also except for the light-signal and meteorological equipment installed in the certified airfields intended for take-off, landing, taxing and the parking of civil air vehicles. Requirements to the specified legal entities are established by the federal aviation rules approved by the federal executive body performing functions on development of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of civil aviation. Action of the requirements established by this subitem can be changed or excluded concerning participants of experimental legal regime in the field of digital innovations according to the program of experimental legal regime in the field of digital innovations approved according to the Federal Law of July 31, 2020 No. 258-FZ "About experimental legal regimes in the field of digital innovations in the Russian Federation".

2. Carrying out obligatory certification is performed paid.

3. The legal entities performing aeronautical servicing of flights of air vehicles of airspace users of the Russian Federation, ensuring aviation security, the legal entities, individual entrepreneurs performing commercial air transportations and (or) who are carrying out the determined federal executive body performing functions on development of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of civil aviation, aerial works, filling of civil air vehicles with aviation fuels and lubricants and (or) processing with special liquids, maintenance of the pilotless aviation systems and (or) their elements, civil air vehicles, aircraft engines, air screws which are subject to obligatory certification, except for the easy, extralight civil air vehicles which are not performing commercial air transportations and aerial works management of maintenance of the flight validity of the pilotless aviation systems and (or) their elements, civil air vehicles, aircraft engines, air screws which are subject to obligatory certification, except for the easy, extralight civil air vehicles which are not performing commercial air transportations and aerial works the educational organizations and the organizations performing training of specialists of appropriate level according to lists of specialists of aeronautical personnel the legal entities and individual entrepreneurs who are service providers on servicing of lines of management of pilotless aviation systems and control of pilotless aviation systems and also operators of airfields of civil aviation perform the activities in the presence of issued by the bodies authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation, the document confirming compliance of the specified legal entities, individual entrepreneurs operators to requirements of the federal aviation rules approved by the federal executive body performing functions on development of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of civil aviation which also establishes form and procedure for issue of this document.

Action of the requirements established by this Item can be changed or excluded concerning participants of experimental legal regime in the field of digital innovations according to the program of experimental legal regime in the field of digital innovations approved according to the Federal Law of July 31, 2020 No. 258-FZ "About experimental legal regimes in the field of digital innovations in the Russian Federation".

3.1. In the cases provided by the Federal Law of April 29, 2008 No. 57-FZ "About procedure of foreign investments in the economic societies having strategic importance for ensuring defense of the country and safety of the state" for receipt of the document confirming compliance of the legal entity performing ensuring aviation security, to requirements of federal aviation rules, the legal entity who is under control of the foreign investor or group of persons which the foreign investor enters (further - group of persons), establishment of control of the foreign investor or group of persons shall be approved according to the procedure, provided by the specified Federal Law. The signs specified in parts 1 and (or) 2 of article 5 of the specified Federal Law are applied to determination of the fact of finding of the legal entity under such control. In this Item the concept "foreign investor" is used in the value determined by article 3 of the specified Federal Law, the concept "group of persons" is used in the value determined by article 9 of the Federal Law of July 26, 2006 No. 135-FZ "About protection of the competition".

4. Ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 19.12.2022 No. 547-FZ

Article 8.1. Obligatory certification of aeronautical personnel of experimental aircraft

1. Specialists of aeronautical personnel of experimental aircraft are subject to obligatory certification.

Obligatory certification of specialists of aeronautical personnel of experimental aircraft is carried out by authorized body in the field of defense industry with participation of the organizations of experimental aircraft.

2. The procedure for carrying out obligatory certification of aeronautical personnel of experimental aircraft is established by federal aviation rules.

Article 8.2. Certified centers and test laboratories

1. Carrying out obligatory certification, stipulated in Item 2 articles 8 of this Code, is performed with involvement of the certified centers and test laboratories. The procedure for attraction of the certified centers and test laboratories is established by the federal aviation rules approved by the federal executive body performing functions on development of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of civil aviation.

2. The federal executive body performing functions on development of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of civil aviation approves requirements to the certified centers and test laboratories, procedure for accreditation of the certified centers and test laboratories, requirements to the register of the accredited certified centers and test laboratories and procedure for maintaining such register.

3. The federal executive body performing functions on rendering the state services and management of state-owned property in the field of air transport (civil aviation) performs the organization and carrying out obligatory certification, carries out accreditation of the certified centers and test laboratories, approves the list of areas of accreditation of the certified centers and test laboratories, keeps the register of the accredited certified centers and test laboratories and exercises control of activities of the accredited certified centers and test laboratories.

Article 8.3. Obligatory certification of the light-signal equipment installed in the certified airfields intended for take-off, landing, taxing and the parking of the civil air vehicles, the radio-radar equipment and the equipment of aviation telecommunication used for air traffic maintenance, ground equipment on servicing of lines of management of pilotless aviation systems and control of pilotless aviation systems

1. Obligatory certification of the light-signal equipment installed in the certified airfields intended for take-off, landing, taxing and the parking of the civil air vehicles, the radio-radar equipment and the equipment of aviation telecommunication used for air traffic maintenance, ground equipment on servicing of lines of management of pilotless aviation systems and control of pilotless aviation systems is carried out according to the federal aviation rules establishing procedure for carrying out obligatory certification of the specified equipment and approved by the federal executive body performing functions on development of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of civil aviation.

2. The legal entities performing development of the light-signal equipment installed in the certified airfields intended for take-off, landing, taxing and the parking of civil air vehicles, the radio-radar equipment and the equipment of aviation telecommunication used for air traffic maintenance, ground equipment on servicing of lines of management of pilotless aviation systems and control of pilotless aviation systems develop certified bases for the purpose of carrying out obligatory certification of the specified equipment (further - certified basis of the equipment).

3. Certified bases of the equipment contain the requirements necessary for safety-of-life function of air vehicles and safe operation of the light-signal equipment installed in the certified airfields intended for take-off, landing, taxing and the parking of civil air vehicles, the radio-radar equipment and the equipment of aviation telecommunication used for air traffic maintenance, ground equipment on servicing of lines of management of pilotless aviation systems and control of pilotless aviation systems and are developed taking into account standards of International Civil Aviation Organization, federal aviation rules, national standards of the Russian Federation determining the technical and operational communication requirements to the specified equipment.

4. Certified bases of the equipment affirm the federal executive body performing functions on rendering the state services and management of state-owned property in the field of civil aviation.

5. Obligatory certification of the equipment specified in Item 1 of this Article is carried out by the federal executive body performing functions on rendering the state services and management of state-owned property in the field of civil aviation and comes to the end with issue:

1) the certificate of type on standard pattern of the new equipment and the upgraded equipment, planned to serial production if during certification it is determined that such equipment conforms to requirements of certified basis of the equipment, applicable to it, and the design of such equipment is acknowledged as standard;

2) the certificate of single copy of the equipment which serial production is not planned or it is stopped if during certification it is determined that such equipment conforms to requirements of certified basis of the equipment, applicable to it.

6. The procedure for carrying out obligatory certification of the light-signal equipment installed in the certified airfields intended for take-off, landing, taxing and the parking of civil air vehicles, the radio-radar equipment and the equipment of aviation telecommunication used for air traffic maintenance, ground equipment on servicing of lines of management of pilotless aviation systems and control of pilotless aviation systems specified in Item 1 of this Article shall contain including:

1) procedure for development and approval of certified bases of the equipment;

2) the sequence of procedures of carrying out obligatory certification for the purpose of issue of the certificate of type on standard pattern of the new equipment and the upgraded equipment, and also for the purpose of issue of the certificate of single copy of the equipment;

3) requirements to the documents submitted by developer of the new equipment and the upgraded equipment, the developer or the owner of single copy of the equipment for the purpose of carrying out obligatory certification, including requirements to contents of such documents;

4) the list of the documents specified in the subitem 3 presents of Item and procedure for their check;

5) procedure for carrying out certification tests of standard pattern of the new equipment and the upgraded equipment, single copy of the equipment, and also types of such testing;

6) requirements to the documents processed by results of carrying out the certification tests specified in the subitem 5 of this Item including requirements to contents of such documents;

7) procedure for document creation by results of carrying out the certification tests specified in the subitem 5 of this Item;

8) the list of the documents confirming compliance of standard pattern of the new and upgraded equipment, and also single copy of the equipment to certified basis of the equipment;

9) the bases and procedure for issue of the certificates specified in Item 3 of this Article, the basis and procedure for introduction of changes in them, the bases and replacement procedure of such certificates;

10) the bases for refusal in issue, refusal in modification, refusal in replacement of the certificates specified in Item 3 of this Article;

11) forms of the certificates specified in Item 3 of this Article;

12) procedure for carrying out certification of the equipment at stage of its serial production, including procedure for confirmation of its compliance to earlier issued certificate of type.

7. Ensuring compliance to requirements of certified basis of the equipment of standard pattern or single copy of the light-signal equipment installed in the certified airfields intended for take-off, landing, taxing and the parking of the civil air vehicles, the radio-radar equipment and the equipment of aviation telecommunication used for air traffic maintenance, ground equipment on servicing of lines of management of pilotless aviation systems and control of pilotless aviation systems is assigned to the developer of such equipment or the developer of changes of standard pattern of such equipment.

8. Ensuring compliance to requirements of certified basis of the equipment of each serially made copy of the light-signal equipment installed in the certified airfields intended for take-off, landing, taxing and the parking of the civil air vehicles, the radio-radar equipment and the equipment of aviation telecommunication used for air traffic maintenance, ground equipment on servicing of lines of management of pilotless aviation systems and control of pilotless aviation systems is assigned to the manufacturer of such copy of the equipment.

Article 9. Licensing of activities in the field of aircraft

1. Separate types of activity in the field of aircraft can be performed by legal entities and individual entrepreneurs based on the licenses provided in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

2. Ceased to be valid

3. Ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 18.03.2023 No. 65-FZ

4. Ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 18.02.2020 No. 21-FZ

5. Ceased to be valid

6. Ceased to be valid

7. Ceased to be valid

8. Action of the requirements established by this Article can be changed or excluded concerning participants of experimental legal regime in the field of digital innovations according to the program of experimental legal regime in the field of digital innovations approved according to the Federal Law of July 31, 2020 No. 258-FZ "About experimental legal regimes in the field of digital innovations in the Russian Federation".

Article 10. Suspension of action of certificates and their cancellation

1. Certificates it can be suspended, and equally in their action restrictions by the bodies which issued these documents, according to the procedure, established by federal aviation rules can be introduced.

2. Certificates can be cancelled by the bodies which issued these documents, according to the procedure, established by federal aviation rules.

Chapter II. State regulation of use of airspace

Article 11. Use of airspace

1. Use of airspace is represented by activities in the course of which are performed movement in airspace of different material objects (air vehicles, rockets and other objects), and also other activities (construction of high-rise constructions, activities in the course of which there are electromagnetic and other radiations, emission in the atmosphere of the substances worsening visibility, carrying out explosive works and so forth) which can pose safety hazard of air traffic.

2. Airspace users are the citizens and legal entities given in accordance with the established procedure the right to implementation of activities for use of airspace.

Article 12. State regulation of use of airspace

1. State regulation of use of airspace is understood as establishment by the state of general rules of implementation of such activities, and also establishment of responsibility for abuses of regulations of use of airspace.

2. State regulation of use of airspace is performed by authorized body in the field of use of airspace.

Article 13. The state priorities in use of airspace

1. All airspace users have the equal rights to its use.

2. In case of need for use of airspace at the same time by two and more airspace users the right to its use is granted to users according to the state priorities in the following sequence:

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