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LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of July 21, 1993 No. 5485-1

About the state secret

(as amended on 30-12-2020)

This Law governs the relations arising in connection with reference of data to the state secret, their classification or declassification and protection for the benefit of safety of the Russian Federation.

Section I. General provisions

Article 1. Coverage of this Law

Provisions of this Law are obligatory for execution in the territory of the Russian Federation and beyond its limits by bodies of legislative, executive and judicial authority, and also the organizations, the authority given according to the Federal Law to exercise on behalf of the Russian Federation public administration in the established field of activity (further - public authorities), local government bodies, the companies, organizations and the organizations irrespective of them organizationally - legal form and pattern of ownership, the officials and citizens of the Russian Federation who undertook obligations or obliged to perform requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation about the state secret according to the status.

Article 2. The basic concepts used in this Law

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

the state secret - the data protected by the state in the field of its military, foreign policy, economic, prospecting, counterprospecting and quickly search activities which distribution can cause damage to safety of the Russian Federation;

carriers of the data which are the state secret - material objects, including physical fields in which the data which are the state secret find the display in the form of symbols, images, signals, technical solutions and processes;

system of protection of the state secret - set of the bodies of protection of the state secret used by them means and methods of protection of the data which are the state secret and their carriers, and also events held for this purpose;

the admission to the state secret - the procedure of registration of the right of citizens to access to the data which are the state secret, and the companies, organizations and the organizations - on work with use of such data;

access to the data which are the state secret - acquaintance of the particular person with the data which are the state secret authorized by the authorized official;

security classification - the details testimonial of degree of privacy of the data containing in their carrier, which are put down on the carrier and (or) in the accompanying documentation on it;

means of information protection - the technical, cryptographic, program and other means intended for protection of the data which are the state secret, means in which they are realized, and also control facilities of efficiency of information security;

the list of the data which are the state secret - set of categories of data according to which data belong to the state secret and are coded on the bases and according to the procedure, established by the federal legislation.

Article 3. Legislation of the Russian Federation on the state secret
Article 4. Powers of public authorities and officials in the field of reference of data to the state secret and their protection

1. Chambers of Federal Assembly:

perform legislative regulation of the relations in the field of the state secret;

consider Articles of the federal budget regarding the funds allocated for implementation of state programs in the field of protection of the state secret;

determine powers of officials in offices of chambers of Federal Assembly by ensuring protection of the state secret in chambers of Federal Assembly.

2. President of the Russian Federation:

approves state programs in the field of protection of the state secret;

approves structure, structure of the interdepartmental commission on protection of the state secret and regulations on it on representation of the Government of the Russian Federation;

approves on representation of the Government of the Russian Federation the List of officials of the public authorities and organizations allocated by powers on reference of data to the state secret, the List of positions in case of which replacement persons are considered allowed to the state secret, and also the List of the data carried to the state secret;

signs the international contracts of the Russian Federation on joint use and protection of the data which are the state secret;

determines powers of officials by ensuring protection of the state secret in Administration of the President of the Russian Federation;

within the powers resolves other issues arising in connection with reference of data to the state secret, their classification or declassification and their protection.

3. Government of the Russian Federation:

will organize execution of the Law of the Russian Federation "About the state secret";

submits for approval to the President of the Russian Federation structure, structure of the interdepartmental commission on protection of the state secret and regulations on it;

submits for approval to the President of the Russian Federation the List of officials of the public authorities and organizations allocated by powers on reference of data to the state secret, the List of positions in case of which replacement persons are considered allowed to the state secret, and also the List of the data carried to the state secret;

establishes procedure for development of the List of the data carried to the state secret;

will organize development and accomplishment of state programs in the field of protection of the state secret;

determines powers of officials by ensuring protection of the state secret in the Russian Government Office;

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