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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of November 24, 1996 No. 132-FZ

About bases of tourist activities in the Russian Federation

(as amended on 09-03-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma on October 4, 1996

Approved by the Federation Council on November 14, 1996

This Federal Law determines the principles of the state policy directed to establishment of the legal basis of the single tourist market in the Russian Federation and governs the relations arising in case of realization of the rights of citizens of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens and stateless persons on rest, freedom of travel and other rights when making travel and also determines procedure for rational use of tourist resources of the Russian Federation.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

In this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

tourism - temporary departures (travel) of citizens of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens and stateless persons (further - persons) from the permanent residence in medical and improving, recreational, cognitive, sports, professional and business and other purposes without occupation the activities connected with income acquisition from sources in the country (place) of temporary stay;

tourist activities - tour operator and tourist's agency activities, and also other activities for the organization of travel;

tourism internal - tourism within the territory of the Russian Federation persons who are constantly living in the Russian Federation;

outbound tourism - tourism of persons who are constantly living in the Russian Federation to other country;

tourism entrance - tourism within the territory of the Russian Federation persons who are not living constantly in the Russian Federation;

tourism international - tourism exit or entrance;

tourism social - the tourism fully or partially performed at the expense of budgetary funds, means of state non-budgetary funds (including the funds allocated within the government public assistance), and also means of employers;

tourism amateur - the tourism organized by tourists independently;

the tourist - person visiting the country (place) of temporary stay in medical and improving, recreational, cognitive, sports, professional and business and other purposes without occupation the activities connected with income acquisition from sources in the country (place) of temporary stay, from 24 hours to 6 months in a row or performing at least one spending the night in the country (place) of temporary stay;

tourist resources - the natural, historical, welfare objects including subjects to tourist display, and also other objects capable to satisfy spiritual and other needs of tourists, to promote maintenance of their life activity, recovery and development of their physical forces;

the tourist industry - set of hotels and other means of placement, automobiles, objects of sanatorium treatment and rest, objects of public catering, objects and means of entertainment, subjects to cognitive, business, medical and improving, sports and other appointment, the organizations performing tour operator and tourist's agency activities, operators of tourist information systems, and also the organizations providing services of guides (guides), guide-interpreters and instructors-conductors;

tourist product - range of services on transportation and placement, rendered for total price (irrespective of inclusion in total price of cost of excursion servicing and (or) other services) under the agreement on realization of tourist product;

tour operator activities - the activities for forming, promotion and realization of tourist product performed by the legal entity (further - tour operator);

tourist's agency activities - the activities for promotion and realization of tourist product performed by the legal entity or the individual entrepreneur (further - the travel agent);

the customer of tourist product - the tourist or the other person ordering tourist product on behalf of the tourist including the legal representative of the minor tourist;

forming of tourist product - activities of tour operator for the conclusion and execution of contracts with the third parties rendering the separate services entering tourist product (hotels, carriers, guides (guides) and others);

promotion of tourist product - package of measures, directed to realization of tourist product (advertizing, participation in specialized exhibitions, fairs, the organization of tourist information centers, the edition of catalogs, booklets and another);

realization of tourist product - activities of tour operator or travel agent for the conclusion of the contract on realization of tourist product with the tourist or other customer of tourist product, and also activities of tour operator and (or) the third parties on rendering services to the tourist according to this agreement;

the tourist - the person visiting the country (place) of temporary stay in the cognitive purposes for less than 24 hours without spending the night in the country (place) of temporary stay and using services of the guide (guide), the guide-interpreter;

the guide (guide) - professionally prepared person performing activities for acquaintance of tourists (tourists) with subjects to display in the country (place) of temporary stay;

the guide-interpreter - professionally prepared person who is fluent in foreign language which knowledge is necessary for transfer and implementation of activities for acquaintance of tourists (tourists) with subjects to display in the country (place) of temporary stay;

the instructor-conductor - professionally prepared person accompanying tourists and ensuring their safety when passing tourist routes;

the paragraph the twenty fourth ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 03.05.2012 No. 47-FZ

the emergency help - actions on the organization of transportation of the tourist from the country of temporary stay (fee on transportation) and (or) other actions (including fee on placement) performed by merging of tour operators in the field of outbound tourism according to this Federal Law in case of non-execution of the agreement obligations by tour operator on realization of tourist product in the field of outbound tourism regarding non-rendering fully or partially to the tourist of the services in transportation and (or) placement entering it in connection with the termination of tour operator activities for the reason of impossibility of performance of all agreement obligations about realization of tourist product;

the electronic permit - the document created on the basis of the agreement on realization of tourist product by tour operator or the travel agent in electronic form taking into account the features determined by this Federal Law;

tourism children's - tourism of organized group of minor tourists accompanied by the head who performs duties of their legal representative;

system of navigation and orientation in the field of tourism - set of information, necessary for orientation of tourists, on tourist resources and on objects of the tourist industry and means of placement of such information (the information signs, designs, constructions, technical devices and other carriers intended for distribution of information, except for the advertizing structures);

tourist information center - the organization performing activities for informing physical persons and legal entities on tourist resources and about objects of the tourist industry and also to promotion of tourist products in the internal and world tourist markets;

tourist route - the transit of tourists (tourists) including visit and (or) use of tourist resources;

means of placement - the property complex including the building or part of the building, room, the equipment and other property and used for temporary accommodation and ensuring temporary residence of physical persons;

hotel - means of placement in which hotel services are provided and which belongs to one of types of the hotels provided by the regulations on classification of hotels approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. The means of placement used for implementation of the main activities of the organizations of rest and improvement of the children, the medical organizations, the organizations of social servicing, the sports organizations, the centralized religious organizations and (or) the religious organizations entering into their structure do not belong to hotels;

hotel services - range of services on provision to physical persons of means of placement and other services provided by the Rules of provision of hotel services in the Russian Federation approved by the Government of the Russian Federation which are provided by individual entrepreneurs and legal entities;

classification of hotels - reference of hotels to the certain categories established by the regulations on classification of hotels approved by the Government of the Russian Federation based on assessment of conformity of hotels and hotel services provided in them to the requirements established by this provision;

classification of ski slopes, classification of beaches - reference of ski slopes, beaches to the certain categories established by the rules of classification of ski slopes, classifications of beaches approved by authorized federal executive body based on assessment of conformity of ski slopes, beaches to the requirements established by these rules.

Article 2. Legislation of the Russian Federation on tourist activities

The legislation of the Russian Federation on tourist activities consists of this Federal Law, the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation adopted according to it.

The laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation regulating tourist activities cannot contradict this Federal Law and the Federal Laws adopted according to it.

The regulations containing in other laws and regulatory legal acts regulating tourist activities shall not contradict this Federal Law.

The features of implementation of tourist activities connected with the organization and holding the XXII Olympic winter Games and the XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in the city of Sochi are established by the Federal Law of December 1, 2007 N 310-FZ "About the organization and about holding the XXII Olympic winter Games and the XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in the city of Sochi, development of the city of Sochi as mountain resort and modification of separate legal acts of the Russian Federation".

Operation of this Federal Law does not extend to the pilgrim activities performed by the religious organizations and to making and the organization by pilgrims of own pilgrim trips according to the Federal Law of September 26, 1997 No. 125-FZ "About liberty of conscience and about religious associations".

Chapter II. State regulation of tourist activities

Article 3. Principles of state regulation of tourist activities

The state, recognizing tourist activities of one of priority industries of economy of the Russian Federation,

promotes tourist activities and creates favorable conditions for its development;

determines and supports the priority directions of tourist activities;

creates idea of the Russian Federation as to the country favorable for tourism;

performs support and protection of the Russian tourists, tour operators, travel agents and their associations.

Article 3.1. Powers of public authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of tourism

In the field of tourism treat powers of public authorities of the Russian Federation:

development and realization of state policy in the field of tourism, including forming of the legal basis of the single tourist market in the Russian Federation, determination of the priority directions of tourism development in the Russian Federation;

development, approval (approval) and implementation of documents of strategic planning in the field of tourism on the questions carried to maintaining the Russian Federation;

creation and providing favorable conditions for development of the tourist industry in the Russian Federation;

establishment of procedure for rendering services in realization of tourist product;

establishment of procedure and conditions of rendering the emergency help to tourists;

establishment of procedure and financing terms of expenses on rendering the emergency help to tourists from reserve fund of merging of tour operators in the field of outbound tourism (further also - reserve fund);

establishment of requirements to selection criteria of credit institutions in which investment of funds of reserve fund is allowed, funds of the personal responsibility of tour operators in the field of outbound tourism (further also - fund of the personal responsibility of tour operator);

forming and maintaining the unified federal register of tour operators;

approval of regulations on classification of hotels;

establishment of procedure for accreditation of the organizations performing classification of hotels, classification of ski slopes, classification of beaches;

accreditation of the organizations performing classification of hotels, classification of ski slopes, classification of beaches;

establishment of the notification procedure by the accredited organizations about the implementation of classification of hotels planned by them, classifications of ski slopes, classifications of beaches of authorized bodies of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation in which territories it is planned to perform the corresponding classification, and also forms of such notification;

approval of rules of classification of ski slopes, classifications of beaches;

establishment of procedure for maintaining the list of the accredited organizations performing classification of hotels, classification of ski slopes, classification of beaches, and placements of the data containing in such list on the official site of authorized federal executive body on the Internet;

establishment of procedure for maintaining the single list of the classified hotels, ski slopes, beaches and placement of the data containing in such list on the official site of authorized federal executive body on the Internet;

maintaining the list of the accredited organizations performing classification of hotels, classification of ski slopes, classification of beaches, and the single list of the classified hotels, ski slopes, beaches;

approval of Rules of provision of hotel services in the Russian Federation;

approval of the rules of professional activity regulating procedure merging of tour operators in the field of outbound tourism and its members of the functions connected with forming and use of reserve fund;

development of national standards of the Russian Federation in the field of tourism, professional standards;

tourism safety, protection of the rights and legitimate interests of tourists in the territory of the Russian Federation and outside its territory;

informing tour operators, travel agents and tourists (tourists) on safety hazard of tourists (tourists) in the country (place) of temporary stay;

information support of tourism, including assistance in creation and functioning of tourist information centers, systems of navigation and orientation in the field of tourism;

assistance in creation and providing favorable conditions for easy access of tourists (tourists) to the tourist resources which are in the territories of subjects of the Russian Federation and to means of communication, and also obtaining medical, legal and other types of emergency aid;

the organization and holding actions for promotion of tourist products in the field of internal tourism and entrance tourism in the internal and world tourist markets;

the organization of carrying out scientific research in the field of tourism;

assistance in the organization of professional training for programs of training of specialists in the field of tourism in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation;

organization of the state awards of the Russian Federation, awards and other forms of encouragement of the Russian Federation in the field of tourism;

approval of methodical recommendations about development and implementation of state programs of the subject of the Russian Federation and municipal development programs of tourism;

development and approval of the forms of the statistical reporting applied in the field of tourism;

the organization and holding the All-Russian and interregional actions directed to support of the priority directions of tourism development, including to development of internal tourism, entrance tourism, social tourism, children's tourism and amateur tourism (further - actions in the field of tourism), approval and implementation of the schedule of actions in the field of tourism;

implementation of interaction with the non-profit organizations performing activities in the field of tourism including merging of tour operators in the field of outbound tourism, including in the priority directions of tourism development, questions of safety of tourism, protection of the rights and legitimate interests of tourists;

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