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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of May 26, 1996 No. 54-FZ

About Museum fund of the Russian Federation and the museums in the Russian Federation

(as amended on 11-06-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma on April 24, 1996

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Scope of this Federal Law

This Federal Law determines features of legal status of Museum fund of the Russian Federation, and also feature of creation and legal status of the museums in the Russian Federation.

This Federal Law extends to all operating and newly created museums in the Russian Federation.

Article 2. The legislation of the Russian Federation on Museum fund of the Russian Federation and the museums in the Russian Federation

The legislation of the Russian Federation on Museum fund of the Russian Federation and the museums in the Russian Federation consists of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Bases of the legislation of the Russian Federation on culture, this Federal Law adopted according to it the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.

The laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation governing the relations specified in part one of article 1 of this Federal Law cannot contradict this Federal Law.

In case of contradiction between this Federal Law and other act adopted in the Russian Federation this Federal Law is effective.

Article 3. Basic concepts

For the purposes of this Federal Law the following basic concepts and terms are used:

cultural values - the movable objects of material world irrespective of time of their creation having historical, art, scientific or cultural value;

museum subject - cultural value, quality or special signs of which do necessary for society its preserving, studying and public representation;

museum collection - set of cultural values which acquire properties of museum subject, only being connected together in strength of mind of the origin, or specific relationship, or on other signs;

Museum fund of the Russian Federation - set of subjects to the state accounting and the museum objects and museum collections residing in the territory of the Russian Federation which civil circulation is allowed with observance of the restrictions established by this Federal Law;

the museum - the non-commercial cultural institution created by the owner for storage, studying and public representation of the museum objects and museum collections included in structure of Museum fund of the Russian Federation and also for achievement of other purposes determined by this Federal Law;

the non-state museum of federal importance - the museum which special status is determined by the act of the Government of the Russian Federation according to this Federal Law;

storage - one of core activities of the museum assuming creation of material and legal conditions under which safety of museum subject and museum collection is ensured;

the publication - one of the main forms of activities of the museum assuming all types of representation to society of museum objects and museum collections by public display, reproduction in printing editions on electronic and other types of carriers, placements of data on museum objects and museum collections on the Internet.

Article 4. State regulation in the field of the museums and Museum fund of the Russian Federation

On behalf of the Russian Federation the property and non-property personal rights and obligations, and also federal state control (supervision) of condition of Museum fund of the Russian Federation are exercised by the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the field of culture (further - federal executive body in the field of culture).

On behalf of subjects of the Russian Federation the property and non-property personal rights and obligations, and also regional state control (supervision) of condition of Museum fund of the Russian Federation are exercised by authorized bodies of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation to which state regulation in the field of culture is assigned.

Chapter II. Museum fund of the Russian Federation

Article 5. Museum fund of the Russian Federation as part of cultural heritage of the people of the Russian Federation

The museum objects and museum collections included in structure of Museum fund of the Russian Federation are integral part of cultural heritage of the people of the Russian Federation.

The museum fund of the Russian Federation consists of the state part of Museum fund of the Russian Federation and non-state part of Museum fund of the Russian Federation.

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