of April 14, 1999 No. 77-FZ
About departmental protection
Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on March 17, 1999
Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on March 31, 1999
This Federal Law determines organization-legal bases of creation and activities of departmental protection.
In this Federal Law the following basic concepts are applied:
departmental protection - set the created federal state bodies and the organizations of the governing bodies, forces and means intended for protection of the protected objects against illegal encroachments having the right to creation of departmental protection;
the protected objects - buildings, structures, constructions adjoining to them the territories and water areas, vehicles, and also freights including in case of their transportation, the money and other property (further - property) which are subject to protection against illegal encroachments;
access control - the procedure provided with set of the actions and rules excluding possibility of uncontrolled entrance (exit) of persons, entrance (departure) of vehicles, bringing (carrying out), import (export) of property to the protected objects and from the protected objects;
the inside mode - the procedure provided with set of the actions and rules which are carried out by persons which are on the protected objects according to requirements of the internal labor schedule and fire safety.
The main objectives of departmental protection are:
protection of the protected objects against illegal encroachments;
providing on the protected objects of the throughput and inside modes;
the prevention and control of offenses and administrative offenses on the protected objects.
Other tasks can be assigned to departmental protection according to the Federal Laws.
Departmental protection performs the activities on the basis of the principles:
respect and observance of rights and freedoms of man and citizen;
interactions with state bodies of safety.
Legal regulation of activities of departmental protection is performed by this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, and also other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation accepted according to them.
The federal executive bodies having the right to creation of the state departmental protection are determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
The federal state bodies having the right to creation of departmental protection not being federal executive bodies, the organizations can be established by the Federal Law.
Regulations of number of workers of departmental protection, structure of bodies of departmental protection, procedure for the organization of activities of departmental protection, including when implementing physical protection of objects, protection of objects with use of technical means of protection, protection of property in case of its transportation, are determined by regulations on departmental protection which are developed by the federal state bodies and the organizations having the right to creation of departmental protection and affirm the Government of the Russian Federation.
The citizens of the Russian Federation who reached age of 18 years suitable for health reasons and to business qualities to accomplishment of the tasks assigned to departmental protection can be workers of departmental protection.
Action of the labor law and other acts containing regulations of labor right extends to workers of departmental protection.
Workers of departmental protection shall have annually the routine medical examination including chemical and toxicological researches of availability in human body of drugs, psychotropic substances and their metabolites and also recurring inspections on suitability to actions in the conditions connected using firearms and special means. The procedure for passing of the specified routine medical examination and form of the conclusion issued by its results are established by the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in health sector. The procedure for passing of recurring inspections on suitability to actions in the conditions connected using firearms and special means is established by the Federal Service of troops of national guard of the Russian Federation.
Professional training of workers of departmental protection is carried out according to the procedure, determined by the federal state bodies and the organizations having the right to creation of departmental protection.
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